Civil Rights Timeline

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Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

1947

Jackie Robinson was the first black major league baseball player in history and he got a lot of hate from not only his teammates but also the audience, he was able to get through all the hate and he won the respect of his teammates and the audience by being an amazing baseball player.

Integration of the Military

1948

Harry Truman ordered the integration of all units of the armed forces and blacks got a lot of hate from the white members of the military, but as a result, black and white soldiers fought side by side in the Korean War.

Brown vs. Board of Education

1951

The case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka argued that schools should be integrated because white schools were way better than black schools in every way possible and it wasn't fair how black kids had to travel very far just to get to their school, meanwhile there is a white school that is local but they cannot attend.

Emmet Till Murdered

1955

Emmett was born in the North and he came to the South and he got murdered for flirting with a white woman, Emmett was beat nearly to death, shot in the head, and got thrown into the Tallahatchie River

Rosa Parks/Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955

Rosa parks who is a black person decided to not give up her seat in the front of the bus to a white male, so she got arrested and thrown off the bus, because of this the black people boycotted riding the bus and the bus companies went bankrupt so they allowed blacks to ride in the front of the bus.

Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

September 4, 1957

8 black students walked together to school protected by a band of black and white ministers but 1 student did not get the message and had to walk to school alone while being harassed by a white mob so in response to these actions, President Eisenhower sent in federal troops and assigned them to each black kid individually, they were to walk the kids to and from school and their classes to ensure safety.

Creation of SNCC

1960

It was created on the campus of Shaw University in Raleigh two months after the sit in to coordinate these sit ins, support their leaders and publicize their activities.

Sit-In - Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

4 Black college students sat down at a "whites only" lunch counter and ordered coffee, they refused to move until they were served, the word spread rapidly and this became a common tool to protest segregation.

Freedom Riders

1961

On the first of many Freedom Rides, thirteen Freedom Riders set out on two buses for a trip through the Deep South and successfully integrated several bus stations before being violently attacked in Alabama.

Childrens March

1963

Thousands of African Americans, including many children, marched peacefully through Birmingham but Police used dogs, fire hoses, and electric cattle rods against the marchers, finally under intense pressure from business interests in the city, Birmingham authorities agreed to desegregate public facilities and to hire Black clerks and salespersons.

Civil Rights Act

1964

Pushed hard by Johnson, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act which banned discrimination in public facilities and outlawed discrimination in employment, also it provided for faster school desegregation and further protected voting rights.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

1965

An Alabama state trooper shot Jimmy Lee Jackson in the stomach as he tried to protect his mother from being beaten at Mack's Café.

Voting Rights Act

1965

President Johnson went on national TV to support a strong voting rights law, which banned literacy tests and other barriers to African American voting.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March, 1965

Hundreds of marchers set out from Selma to Montgomery, but state troopers set upon marchers with tear gas, clubs, and whips, Americas witnessed the bloodshed on the news and over the next two days, people in more than 80 cities demonstrated against the violence and demanded passage of a voting rights act.