Science before 1650

Main

Homer

850 BC

Hesiod

700 BC

RISE OF PROSE

600 BC

Pythagoras

570 BC - 495 BC

Empedocles

490 BC - 430 BC

Hippocrates

460 BC - 370 BC

Mentiones equinoxes in his medical texts

Leucippus

450 BC

Atomism suggestion

Parmenides

450 BC

Aristophanes

446 BC - 386 BC

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Theophrastus

371 BC - 287 BC

Epicurus

341 BC - 270 BC

Aratus

315 BC - 240 BC

Euclid

300 BC

Eratosthenes

276 BC - 195 BC
  • Credited with the first armillary sphere

Lucretius

99 BC - 55 BC

Vitruvius

80 BC - 15 BC

Manilius

0 AD - 100 AD

Columella

4 AD - 70 AD

Pliny the Elder

23 AD - 79 AD

Nicomachus of Gerasa

60 AD - 120 AD

Aetna prior to this date

79 AD

Ptolemy

90 AD - 168 AD

Galen

129 AD - 200 AD

Alexander of Aphrodisias

200 AD

Diogenes Laertius

200 AD - 300 AD

Philoponus

490 AD - 570 AD

Canterbury Cathedral Sundial

850 AD

University of Bologna

Approx. 1088

Increase church power

Approx. 1100 - Approx. 1300

So will have influence on universities!

Richard de Bury

1344

CHIRSTIAN WITH BIG LIBRARY

Jean Fusoris

1365 - 1436

Fist commercial instrument maker we know in Paris --> astrolabes survive

Quadrant with badge of King Richard II

1399

Shows importance patronage

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Andreas Vesalius

1514 - 1564

Conrad Gessner

1516 - 1565

Ulisse Aldrovandi

1522 - 1605

Archimboldo

1526 - 1593

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

Built instruments in Ptolemeic fashion

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Starry Messenger

1610

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

War fought mainly in central Europe

Civil War UK

1642 - 1651

Royal Academy of Scienes

1660

in Paris