Pierre Baudouin & Descendents in America

Generations & Lifespans

BLUE shades - ancestors of Noah Lathaniel BOWDEN/BOWDOIN (Cecil Randolph Bowden's father);
GREEN shades - ancestors of Ada Lee JACKSON (Cecil Randolph Bowden's mother);
RED Shades - ancestors of Julius C. ALLEN (Nellie Earl Allen's father);
YELLOW - ancestors of Lydia Francis STRINGFELLOW (Nellie Earl Allen's mother)

1st Generation - Immigrants

1640 - Approx. 1747

PETER BOWDOIN (Baudouin) 1640 - 1706
ELIZABETH FIXE 1643 – 1720

JOHN (Jean Jacques) BOWDOIN (Baudouin) 1674 – 1717

James BOWDOIN (Baudouin) 1676 – 1747

Elizabeth BOWDOIN (Baudouin) 1680 – 1747

Mary BOWDOIN (Baudouin) 1682 – 1747


27 Jan 1640 - 12 Sep 1706

I - PETER BOWDOIN (Pierre Baudouin)

1st Generation Immigrant (10th paternal great grandfather of Howard W Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 27 Jan 1640 in La Rochelle, Manche, Basse-Normandie, France
Marriage 1674 to ELIZABETH FIXE in France
Death 12 Sep 1706 in Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Colony


Approx. 1643 - 18 Aug 1720

1st Generation Immigrant - Wife of Pierre Baudouin (10th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1643 in France
Marriage 1674 to PETER BOWDOIN in France
Death 18 Aug 1720 in Accomac, Accomack, Virginia


9/12/1674 - 4/4/1717

I.5 - JOHN BOWDOIN (Jean Baudouin)

1.5 Generation - Immigrant (9th paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 12 Sep 1674 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Marriage 1700 to SUSANNAH STOCKLEY in Northampton, Virginia
Death 4 Apr 1717 in Northampton, Virginia

1.5. James BAUDOUIN

Approx. 1676 - 8 Sep 1747

1.5. James BOWDOIN (Baudouin)
1.5 Generation Immigrant (9th paternal great uncle of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1676 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Marriage 18 Jul 1706 to Sarah Campbell
Marriage 19 Aug 1714 to Hannah Porrage
Marriage 24 Apr 1735 to Mehetabel Lillie in Boston, Suffolk County
Death 8 Sep 1747 in Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts Colony


Approx. 1676 - Approx. 1741

Wife of John Bowdoin I (9th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1676 in Northampton, Virginia
Marriage 1700 to John Bowdoin I in Northampton, Virginia
Death 1741 in Northampton, Virginia

1.5. Elizabeth BAUDOUIN

Approx. 1680 - Approx. 1747

I.5 - Elizabeth BOWDOIN (Baudouin)

I.5 Generation Immigrant (9th paternal great aunt of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1680 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Marriage 1700 to Thomas Robins
Death 1747 in Accomac, Accomack, Virginia

1.5. Mary BAUDOUIN

Approx. 1682 - Approx. 1747

I.5 - Mary BOWDOIN (Baudouin)
1.5 Generation Immigrant (9th paternal great aunt of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth Abt 1682 in La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
Marriage 22 Aug 1708 to Stephen Boutineau in
Death 1747 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA

2nd Generation - Native-Born

1700 - Approx. 1792

II. JOHN BOWDOIN 1700–1739
II. Peter BOWDOIN 1703–1746
II. Susannah BOWDOIN 1705–1784
II. Mary BOWDOIN 1707–1784

I.5: James BOWDOIN & (1st) Sarah Campbell 1680-1713
II. James Bowdoin 1707–1707
II. Mary Bowdoin 1708–1780
II. John Bowdoin 1709–1711
II. Pierre "Peter" Bowdoin 1711–1712
II. William Bowdoin 1713–1773
I.5. James and (2nd) Hannah Pordidge 1686–1726
II. Samuel Bowdoin 1715–1716
II. Elizabeth Bowdoin 1717–1771
II. Judith Bowdoin 1719–1750
II. James "Governor" Bowdoin 1726 – 1790
I.5. James and (3rd) Mehetabel Lillie 1693 – 1748
II. Judith Flucker Bowdoin 1730 – ???

I.5. Elizabeth BOWDOIN & Thomas Robins 1677–1731
II. Bowdoin Robins 1700–1784
II. Esther Robins 1701–1787
II. William Robins 1702–1765
II. Stanley Robins 1704–1733
II. Thomas Robins 1705–1765
II. Lambert Robins 1706–???
II. John Robins 1711–1733
II. Mary Robins 1712–1775
II. James Robins 1713–1733
II. Susannah Robins 1714–1775
Stanly Robins 1715–???
Elizabeth Robins 1721–1746

I.5. Mary BOWDOIN & Stephen Boutineau 1660–1748
II. Nancy Boutineau ???-???
II. Anne Boutineau 1709–1710
II. James Boutineau 1710–1778
II. John Boutineau 1713–1760
II. Mary Boutineau 1715–1719
II. Elizabeth Boutineau 1717–1749
II. Stephen Boutineau 1721–1760
II. Pierre Boutineau 1720–1745
II. Thomas Boutineau 1724–1792
II. Isaac Boutineau 1726–1760


Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1742

Wife of JOHN BOWDOIN II (8th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)


Approx. 1/2/1700 - Approx. 1739

2nd Generation (8th paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

2. Peter BOWDOIN

Approx. 1703 - 1/14/1746

2nd Generation (8th paternal great uncle of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

2. Susannah BOWDOIN

Approx. 1705 - Approx. 1784

2nd Generation (8th paternal great aunt of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)


Approx. 1707 - Approx. 1784

2nd Generation (8th paternal great aunt of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

3rd Generation

9 Mar 1717 - Approx. 1850

III. John BOWDOIN (Bowden?) III 1717–1788
III. Richard BOWDOIN (Bowden?) 1725–1788
III. Robert BOWDOIN 1725–1787

II. Peter BOWDOIN & (1st) Ada Grace Harmanson 1695–1732
III. Mary Preston Bowdoin 1725–1760
III. John Bowdoin 1732–1775
III. Elizabeth Bowdoin 1733–1746
II. Peter BOWDOIN & (2nd) Susannah Preeson 1696–1745
III. Preeson Bowdoin 1734–???

II. Susannah BOWDOIN & Southy Satchell 1701–1759
III. Henry Satchell 1722–1779
III. Betty Satchell 1729–???
III. Joanna Satchell 1731–???
III. Charles S Satchell 1733–1789
III. John Satchell 1735–???
III. Sarah Satchell 1737–???
III. Palmer Satchell 1756–1807
III. Anne Satchell 1759–1784
III. William Satchell 1759–1850

II. Mary BOWDOIN & John Custis 1710–1732
III. Thomas Custis 1726–???


3/10/1717 - 9/5/1788

3rd Generation (7th paternal great uncle of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)


Approx. 1720 - Aug 1744

3rd Generation (7th paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)


Approx. 1726 - Approx. 1810

Wife of WILLIAM G. BOWDOIN (7th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

4th Generation

1/1/1739 - Approx. 1850

III. John BOWDOIN III & Margaret "Peggy" Webb 1726–1795
IV. Elizabeth Bowdoin 1745–1786
IV. Mary Bowdoin 1748–1788
IV. John Bowdoin 1750–1826
IV. Frances Bowdoin 1752–1797
IV. Thomas Bowdoin 1754–1824
IV. Jesse Bowdoin 1756–1776
IV. Hannah Bowdoin 1758–1807
IV. Hiram Bowdoin 1758–1780
IV. William Bowdoin Jr. 1760–1819
IV. Elias Bowdoin Sr. 1763–1843
IV. Rhody Bowdoin 1765–1786
IV. Mary Bowdoin 1767–???
IV. Chloe Bowdoin 1768–1786

III. WILLIAM BOWDOIN & "Betty" Travis 1726–1810
IV. John T. BOWDOIN 1739–1823
IV. Sarah BOWDOIN 1746–1800
IV. Travis Francis BOWDOIN 1746–1803

III. Richard BOWDOIN & ???

III. Robert BOWDOIN & Mary ???
IV. John Bowdoin 1751–1777
IV. Sally Bowdoin 1755-???
IV. William Bowdoin 1765–1850
IV. Elizabeth Bowdoin 1768-???
IV. Mildred "Milly" Bowdoin 1771–???


6/10/1739 - 1/2/1823

4th Generation (6th paternal great uncle of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)


Approx. 1740 - 2/1/1821

4th Generation (6th paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

4. Travis F. BOWDOIN

Approx. 1746 - Approx. 1803

IV - Travis Francis BOWDOIN
4th Generation (6th paternal great uncle of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)


Approx. 1746 - Approx. 1791

Wife of WILLIAM BOWDOIN II (6th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

4. Sarah BOWDOIN

1746 - 1800

4th Generation (6th paternal great aunt of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)

5th Generation

Approx. 1760 - Approx. 1872

IV. John T. BOWDOIN & Judith Jefferson Farrar 1739–1828
V. John Bowdoin 1764-???
V. Mary Bowdoin 1766–1850
V. Nancy Bowdoin 1769–1804
V. Fanny Bowdoin 1775–1852
V. Sarah Sally Bowdoin 1775–1852
V. Martha Bowdoin 1777–1827
V. Rebecca Bowdoin 1782–1827
IV. John T. & Sally Edwards Browne 1794–1815
V. Sallie Elizabeth Courtney Bowdoin 1815–1872

V. Travis BOWDOIN 1762–???
V. JAMES B BOWDOIN 1764–1840
V. Elizabeth BOWDOIN 1764–1804
V. Mary Molly BOWDOIN 1766–1810
V. Martha Mary "Patsy" BOWDOIN 1768–1800
V. Pleasant BOWDOIN 1776–1851
V. Josiah (John) Macon BOWDOIN 1780–1850
V. John Macon BOWDOIN 1789–1846

IV. Sarah BOWDOIN & William Nichols 1725–1794
V. Travis Nichols 1775–1794

IV. Travis Francis BOWDOIN & (1st) Mary ??? 1750–???
V. William Westward Bowdoin 1766–1827
V. Martha Bowdoin 1772-???
IV. Travis F. & (2nd) Penelope ??? 1745–1805
V. Martha Bowdoin 1772–???
V. William Bowdoin Sr. 1773–1827
V. Arthur Bowdoin 1774–1822
V. Col. James Simeon Bowdoin 1775–1837
V. Travis Westward Bowdoin 1779–1837
V. John Bowdoin 1781–1850


Approx. 1760 - Approx. 1840

Wife of JAMES B BOWDOIN II (5th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1760 in Granville County, North Carolina
Death 1840 in Monroe, Georgia, USA


2/18/1764 - Approx. 1840

5th Generation (5th paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 18 Feb 1764 in Granville, North Carolina, USA
Death 1840 in Monroe, Georgia, USA

6th Generation

1/1/1784 - Approx. 1897

V. Travis BOWDOIN & ???

VI. Daniel W BOWDOIN 1786–1869
VI. John BOWDOIN 1790–1865
VI. James BOWDOIN 1793–1870
VI. Travis BOWDOIN 1795–1835
VI. Willis BOWDOIN 1799–1871
VI. Nancy BOWDOIN 1801–???
VI. Sarah BOWDOIN 1802–???
VI. Joshua I. BOWDOIN 1803-1880

V. Elizabeth BOWDOIN & John Macon Jr 1764–1808
VI. William Macon 1786–1857

V. Mary Molly BOWDOIN & Gideon Thomas Macon
VI. Elizabeth Macon 1787–???
VI. Alston Macon 1789–???
VI. Thomas Macon 1793–1880
VI. William Macon 1795–1881
VI. Mary Macon 1797–???
VI. Nancy Macon 1800–1853
VI. Martha Macon 1803–1882
VI. Sarah Macon 1805–1897
VI. Hannah Macon 1808–1873

V. Martha Mary "Patsy" BOWDOIN & Isaac Odell 1765–1845

V. Pleasant BOWDOIN & ???

V. Josiah (John) Macon BOWDOIN & Nancy Spencer 1790–1856
VI. James "R.D." Bowdoin (Culpepper?) 1825–???
VI. John C Bowdoin 1816–???

V. John Macon BOWDOIN & ???


Approx. 1/2/1784 - 1865

6th Generation (4th paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1784 in Granville County, North Carolina
Death 1865 in Monroe County, Georgia, USA


1790 - 1865

Wife of WILLIAM B. BOWDOIN (4th paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1790 in Georgia
Death 1865 in Monroe County, Georgia, USA

7th Generation

1806 - Approx. 1921

VII. Thomas BOWDOIN 1806–???
VII. William A BOWDOIN 1808–1862
VII. Martha W BOWDOIN 1815–1843
VII. Simeon Travis BOWDOIN Sr 1816–1883
VII. John W BOWDOIN 1820–1864
VII. Alfred Benjamin BOWDOIN 1822–1888
VII. Mary Jane BOWDOIN 1826–1914

VI. Daniel W BOWDOIN & Mary Ann Daniel 1808–1857
VII. William C. Bowdoin 1824–???
VII. Lt. Col. John Thomas Bowdoin 1827–1871
VII. Benjamin F. "B. B." Bowdoin 1829–1864
VII. Joshua W. Bowdoin 1830–1862
VII. James Howard Bowdoin 1832–1879
VII. Mary A. Bowdoin 1836–???
VII. Sarah A. Bowdoin 1836–1876
VII. Adelaide Elizabeth Bowdoin 1843–1912
VII. Daniel W Bowdoin 1846–1910
VII. S C Bowdoin 1855–???

VI. John BOWDOIN & Sarah ??? 1790–???

VI. James BOWDOIN & Betsy Clark (Price?) 1805–1837
VII. Adeline M Bowdoin 1825–1914
VII. John Bowdoin 1825–1880
VII. Mary Emeline Bowdoin 1827–1849
VII. Allen B Bowdoin 1835–1921
VII. Sarah J Bowdoin 1835–1869

VI. Travis BOWDOIN & Sarah Clark 1800–1835
VII. Sarah A. Bowdoin 1820–1853
VII. Elizabeth Jane Bowdoin 1823–1882
VII. Mary Katherine Bowdoin 1825–1865
VII. Jeptha C Bowdoin 1827–1918
VII. James T Bowdoin 1828–1919
VII. John W Bowdoin 1829–1870
VII. Travis Watts "Doc" Bowdoin 1834–1902

VI. Willis BOWDOIN & Sarah Slaughter 1790–1853
VII. Thomas A Bowdoin 1823–1880
VII. John W Brother Bowdoin 1825–1890
VII. Willis Wesley Bowdoin 1826–???
VII. Henry W. Bowdoin 1830–???
VII. Rebecca F Bowdoin 1831–???
VII. Mary Emily Bowdoin 1835–???
VII. Wesley B. Bowdoin 1837–???

VI. Nancy BOWDOIN & ???

VI. Sarah BOWDOIN & Samuel Dickey 1798–???
VII. Elizabeth Dickey 1827–1881

VI. Joshua I. BOWDOIN & (1st) Bathsheba Fails 1794–1852
VII. Francis Marion Bowdoin 1823–1853
VII. Emily Fail Bowdoin 1824–1860
VII. John Washington Bowdoin M.D. 1825–1880
VII. Elisha F Bowdoin 1828–1865
VII. Sgt. Josephus Daniel Bowdoin M.D. 1829–1882
VII. Joshua W Bowdoin 1834–1889
VI. Joshua I. BOWDOIN & (2nd) Martha J Barnett Lane 1809–1883


9/12/1810 - 10/27/1887

Wife of TURNER BOWDOIN (3rd paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 12 Sep 1810 in Putnam County, Georgia
Death 27 Oct 1887 in Lindale, Smith, Texas, USA


Approx. 1812 - Approx. 1880

7th Generation (3rd paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1812 in Putnam County, Georgia USA
Death Abt 1880 in Lindale, Smith, Texas, USA

8th Generation

Approx. 11 Sep 1831 - 3 Jul 1960

VII. Thomas BOWDOIN & ???

VII. William A BOWDOIN & Nancy Jane Cravey 1815–1860
VIII. John W Bowdoin 1831–1890
VIII. Susannah Bowdoin 1831–???
VIII. Jefferson Bowdoin 1838–???
VIII. Jacob Bowdoin 1839–???
VIII. Noah Bowdoin 1843–1929
VIII. Simeon Augustus Bowdoin 1844-???
VIII. Narcissus "Nancy" Jane Bowdoin 1846–1915
VIII. Tabitha Loduska Bowdoin 1846–???
VIII. Smith Bowdoin 1850–???
VIII. Francis Marion Bowdoin 1851–1936

VIII. Emeline S. "Essie" BOWDOIN 1832–1912
VIII. Eli A. BOWDOIN 1835–1920
VIII. John Franklin BOWDOIN 1838–1914
VIII. William Marshall BOWDOIN 1838–1885
VIII. Alfred Benjamin "Ben" BOWDOIN Sr. 1842–1885
VIII. Octavia BOWDOIN 1845–1885
VIII. Candora "Dora" Thedoream BOWDOIN 1848–1892
VIII. Laura BOWDOIN 1850-1893
VIII. Clotilda Trambrona BOWDOIN 1853–1893
VIII. Nathaniel Robert BOWDOIN 1856–1882
VIII. Rebecca Jane BOWDOIN 1859–1943

VII. Martha W BOWDOIN & Jason Littleberry "L.B." Champion 1814–1864
VIII. Joshua Littleberry Champion 1836–1926
VIII. Robert J Champion 1839–1929
VIII. William Augustus Champion 1841–1919

VII. Simeon Travis BOWDOIN Sr & (1st) Mary Asbury Bowdoin 1820–1848
VIII. Asbury William Bowdoin 1838-1885
VIII. Drucilla H. Bowdoin 1840–1909
Martha A. Bowdoin 1843–???
VII. Simeon Travis & (2nd) Nancy Ann Matilda Bryant (Dunham) 1832–1912
VIII. Jessie B. Bowdoin 1848–1860
VIII. Arthur Bowdoin 1849–???
VIII. Robert William Bowdoin 1852–1899
VIII. Simeon Travis Bowdoin Jr 1854–1929
VIII. John Wesley Bowdoin 1856–1906
VIII. Benjamin Franklin "Ben" Bowdoin 1858–1940
VIII. Josephus Dock Christopher Bowdoin 1859???
VIII. Calvin Beauregard Bowdoin 1861–1900
VIII. Elizabeth Cordelia Bowdoin 1864–???
VIII. Thomas Jefferson Bowdoin 1866–1937
VIII. Martin Luther Bowdoin 1868–1940
VIII. Charles Houston Bowdoin 1871–1895
VIII. Nancy Ann Bowdoin 1873–1880

VII. John W BOWDOIN & ???

VII. Alfred Benjamin BOWDOIN & (1st) Mary Katherine Bowdoin 1825–1865
VIII. William T Bowdoin 1842–1885
VIII. Martha Bowdoin 1844–???
VIII. Christopher Columbus Bowdoin 1845–???
VIII. Elizabeth Bowdoin 1848–???
VIII. Alfred Benjamin Bowdoin Jr 1850–1929
VIII. Joseph Bowdoin 1852–1929
VIII. Robert William Bowdoin 1854–1899
VIII. James (John?) Alexander Bowdoin 1857–1941
VIII. Sarah Lee Bowdoin 1858–???
VII. Alfred & (2nd) Sarah Wooten 1837–???
VIII. Emma Bowdoin 1867–1941
VIII. Milton Moses Bowdoin 1870–1946
VIII. Lydia Bowdoin 1874–???
VIII. Alice Aurelia Bowdoin 1877–1960

VII. Mary Jane BOWDOIN & Thomas M. McCommon 1825–1870
VIII. James W McCommon 1845–1912
VIII. Thomas McCommon 1850–1940
VIII. Dolly McCommon 1852–???
VIII. Robert McCommon 1854–???
VIII. George McCommon 1857–1940
VIII. Mary Fanny McCommon 1860–???


Approx. 1839 - 11/21/1900

Wife of DANIEL THEODORE BOWDOIN Sr. (2nd paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 1839 in Pike, Alabama, United States
Death 21 Nov 1900 in Elba, Coffee, Alabama, USA


1/17/1840 - 3/21/1900

8th Generation (2nd paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 17 Jan 1840 in Stewart County, Georgia, USA
Marriage 1858 to TEMPA ANNE MILLS
Death 21 Mar 1900 in Elba, Coffee, Alabama, USA

9th Generation

23 Dec 1859 - 12 Mar 1965

VIII. Emeline S. "Essie" BOWDOIN & Samuel Waylon Stinson 1824–1881

VIII. Eli A. BOWDOIN & Polly A. Spurlan 1836–1920
IX. Samson "Sam" Bell Bowdoin 1868–1936
IX. Suda Bowdoin 1869–1941
IX. Viola C. Bowdoin 1874–???
IX. Mary Missouri "Fannie" Bowdoin 1880–1955

VIII. John Franklin BOWDOIN & (1st) Nancy Harper
IX. William Turner Bowdoin 1861–1940
IX. Eli Ausbon "Bud" Bowdoin 1863–1931
IX. John Thomas "Tom" Bowdoin 1865–1945
IX. Martha Louvenia "Sister" Bowdoin 1867–1954
IX. Samson "Sam" Bell Bowdoin 1868–1936
IX. Nancy Florence "Ida" Bowdoin 1871–1953
IX. James Edmund "Pistol Pete" Bowdoin 1872-1925
IX. Robert Alfred Bowdoin 1874–1952
IX. Tolbert Franklin Bowdoin 1877–1952
IX. Arthur Daniel Bowdoin 1878–1961
IX. Mathey Gordon "Gord" Bowdoin 1882–1937

VIII. John Franklin BOWDOIN & (2nd) Georgia Ann Samson 1836–1914

VIII. William Marshall BOWDOIN & Susan E ???
IX. Mary Jane Bowdoin 1859–1931
IX. Harriet Rebecca Bowdoin 1861–1874
IX. Martha Octavia Bowdoin 1880–1965
IX. Lena C. Bowdoin 1882–1964
IX. Amanda Beda Bowdoin 1884–1964

IX. James Thomas BOWDOIN 1859–1859
IX. Sarah Victoria BOWDOIN 1860–1870
IX. George "General" Washington BOWDOIN 1862–1945
IX. Mollie BOWDOIN 1870–1880
IX. "Bud" Jamar Turner M BOWDOIN 1872–1965
IX. Josephus "Joe" S. BOWDOIN 1872-1937
IX. John C BOWDOIN 1872–1937
IX. Rebecca BOWDOIN 1876–1931
IX. James Thomas BOWDOIN 1880–???

VIII. Alfred Benjamin "Ben" BOWDOIN Sr. & Francis Fannie Harper 1842–???
IX. Charles F Bowdoin 1867–1941
IX. Mary F Bowdoin 1867–???
IX. Indiana "Anna" (Judiana) Bowdoin 1872–1939
IX. Mollie F Bowdoin 1874–???

VIII. Octavia BOWDOIN & William Henry Harrison Donaldson 1843–1916
IX. John William Henry Donaldson 1864–1944
IX. Laura Eugene Donaldson 1866–1940
IX. Mary C. Donaldson 1868–???
IX. Savina Rena Donaldson 1869–1960
IX. Emma Bell Donaldson 1873–1946
IX. Mattie Zula Donaldson 1876–1949
IX. Rushing Costello "Tup" Donaldson 1878–1963

VIII. Candora "Dora" Thedoream BOWDOIN & William H "Bill" Taylor 1841–1912
IX. Arthur Taylor 1868–1880
IX. Thomas Jefferson Taylor 1870–???
IX. Ella Ann O. Taylor 1872–1910
IX. Sarah Jane Taylor 1874–1921
IX. Bartley Taylor 1876–1943
IX. Robert T Taylor 1883–1939

VIII. Laura BOWDOIN & ???

VIII. Clotilda Trambrona BOWDOIN & ???

VIII. Nathaniel Robert BOWDOIN & Minerva Ann Yarbrough 1857–1924
IX. Allen Bowdoin 1877–1878
IX. Henry Arthur Bowdoin 1879–1933
IX. John Robert Bowdoin 1880–1962
IX. Willie Nevada Bowdoin 1881–1961

VIII. Rebecca Jane BOWDOIN & William Arthur Brown 1852–1939
IX. Ada Adeline Brown 1877–1877
IX. Ida Evans Brown 1877–1877
IX. Jordan Arthur Brown 1879–1946
IX. James Tunnell Brown 1881–1888
IX. Robert Henry Brown 1883–1957
IX. Martin Ellis Brown 1886–1886


12/28/1866 - 9/16/1933

9th generation (Paternal great grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 28 Dec 1866 in Coffee, Alabama, United States
Death 16 Sep 1933 in Opp, Covington, Alabama, United States


9/5/1868 - 5/21/1900

Wife of DANIEL THEODORE BOWDOIN Jr. (Paternal great grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 5 September 1868 in Alabama
Death 21 May 1900 in Coffee County, Alabama, USA

10th Generation - Bowdoin/Bowden

28 Feb 1883 - 1 Nov 1993

IX. George “General” Washington BOWDOIN &
Elizabeth "Lizzie" 1860 – 1954 (no children?)

X. Millard F BOWDOIN 1883–1951
X. William Yancy "Yank" BOWDOIN 1886–1955
X. Jeff S BOWDOIN 1891–1952
X. Alack "Alex" BOWDOIN 1893–1940
X. Marion Athaniel BOWDOIN (BOWDEN) 1893–1971
X. Ella Mae BOWDOIN 1898–1957
IX. DANIEL THEODORE BOWDOIN JR & (2nd) Elafare "Ella" "Bell" Richburg 1875–1948

IX. “Bud” Jamar Turner M BOWDOIN & Martha Louvenia "Sister" Bowdoin 1867–1954
X. Daniel Artur Bowdoin 1894–1949
X. Lena M Bowdoin 1896–1900
X. Richard H. Bowdoin 1898–???
X. Jessie Washington Bowdoin 1900–1976
X. Bonnie Bowdoin 1902–???
X. Ollie Louise Bowdoin 1904–1993

IX. Josephus S. BOWDOIN & "Mattie" Sexton 1876–1935
X. William Aleie (Alasa) Bowden (Bowdoin) 1894–1954
X. Julia Bowden (Bowdoin) 1895–1981
X. Guy Bowden (Bowdoin) 1898–???
X. Cassie (Carrie?) M. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1899–???
X. Forrest H. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1901–1968
X. Hubert B Bowden (Bowdoin) 1906–???
X. Robert W. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1910–???
X. Clarence "Charlie" Bowden (Bowdoin) 1911–1988
X. Clara Bowden (Bowdoin) 1912–???
X. Luscious F Bowden (Bowdoin) 1916–???

IX. John C BOWDOIN & Elizabeth ? ???–1908

IX. Rebecca BOWDOIN & George W Bouyer 1864–1936
X. Ida Bouyer 1892–???
X. Mollie Rosebud Bouyer 1893–1971
X. Mitchell Bouyer 1900–???
X. Claude B Bouyer 1903–1962
X. Deckes Bouyer 1908-???

IX. James Thomas BOWDOIN & ???


9/25/1884 - 1/23/1949

10th Generation (Paternal Grandfather of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 25 Sep 1884 in Coffee County, Alabama, USA
Marriage bef 1905 to ADA LEE JACKSON
Death 23 Jan 1949 in Coffee County, Alabama, USA


Approx. 8/1885 - 3/28/1948

Wife of NOAH LATHANIEL BOWDEN/Bowdoin (Paternal grandmother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth Aug 1885 in Alabama
Marriage bef. 1905 to NOAH LATHANIEL BOWDOIN
Death 28 Mar 1948 in Dozier, Crenshaw, Alabama, United States

11th Generation - Bowdoin/Bowden

22 Jul 1905 - 6 Mar 2012

X. Millard F BOWDEN (BOWDOIN) & (1st) Jessie ??? 1892–1929
XI. Charlie T. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1910–1982
XI. Odis "Odie" D. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1913–1993
XI. Gussie R. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1916–1944
XI. Mertlene "Merlie" Bowdoin 1920–2001
X. Millard F BOWDEN (BOWDOIN) & (2nd) Ruth 1920–???
XI. Fred J Bowden 1921-???
XI. Louise "Bessie" Christine Bowden 1923–1982

XI. William C. "Bill" BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1905–1978
XI. Lola May BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1906–1985
XI. Ethel L. ? BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1909–???
XI. Henry Ray BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1911–1945
XI. Sadie Myrtle "May" BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1913–1967
XI. Flora "Florrie" Bell BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1919–1995
XI. Cleo Ellen "Uncle Johnny" BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1921–1962
XI. Daniel Lathaniel "D.L." BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1924–2000
XI. James L BOWDEN (Bowdoin) 1929–2006

X. William Yancy “Yank” BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Laura Cornelia "Nealy" ??? 1892–1966
XI. Irene P Bowden (Bowdoin) 1911-???
XI. Pearl Bowden (Bowdoin) 1913-???
XI. John L. Bowden (Bowdoin) 1916-???
XI. Grace Bowden (Bowdoin) 1919-???
XI. Doris Bowden (Bowdoin) 1921-???
XI. Laura Nell Bowden (Bowdoin) 1923–2008

X. Jeff S BOWDOIN & Lillie ??? 1897–???
XI. Willie B Bowdoin 1912-???
XI. Eva Bowdoin 1917-???

X. Alack “Alex” BOWDOIN & ???

X. Marion Athaniel BOWDOIN (BOWDEN) & Hannah Williams 1897-???
XI. Steven Monroe Bowdoin (Bowden) 1913–1971
XI. Ida May Bowdoin (Bowden) 1917-???
XI. Ollie Ruth Bowdoin (Bowden) 1919–1997
XI. L A Bowden 1922–1995
XI. Jewel A Bowden 1925–1971
XI. Max H Bowden 1930–1970

X. Ella Mae BOWDOIN & Joseph Boltner "Bat" Grissett 1892–1958
XI. Vera E. Grissett 1914–1994
XI. Loanie Grissett 1915–???
XI. Joseph "Joe" Frank Grissett 1917–1991
XI. Lillian Louise Grissett 1919–1984
XI. Dixie Lee Grissett 1923–1974
XI. Charles Lawrence Grissett 1926–1992
XI. Williiam L Grissett 1930–???
XI. Ruby Grissett 1931–2007
XI. Elmer Davis Grissett 1936–1968
XI. Levie Grissett 1939–2012


3/23/1915 - 3/17/2000

Wife of CECIL RANDOLPH BOWDEN/Bowdoin (Mother of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 23 Mar 1918 in Clay County, Alabama, USA
Death 17 Mar 2000 in Altamonte Springs, Seminole, Florida, USA


1/22/1916 - 10/25/1968



11th Generation (Father of Howard W. Bowden & his siblings)
Birth 22 Jan 1916 in Coffee County, Alabama, United States
Marriage (first)10/5/1933 to NELLIE EARL ALLEN
Death 25 Oct 1968 in Bay Pines, Pinellas, Florida, USA

12th Generation

12 Jan 1935 - Approx. 2050

XI. William C. “Bill” BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Edna Alberta "Bert" Richards 1911–1999
XII. James Forrest Bowden 1927–2004
XII. Josephine "Jo" Bowden 1931–???
XII. William Harter "Buck" Bowden 1937–2011
XII. Melba Gwendoline Bowden 1940–1993
XII. Daniel "Danny" Bowden 1944–

XI. Lola May BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Harvey C Hoover 1894–
XII. Louise G Hoover 1922–???
XII. George R Hoover 1924–???
XII. Harvey C Hoover 1926–???
XII. Virgil E Hoover 1928–???
XII. Saneiul L Hoover 1930–???
XII. Porter Bowden 1931–

XI. Ethel L. ? BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & William Collis "Carlos" Wood 1892–1956
XII. Wendell H. ? Wood 1925–???
XII. Naomi? L. Wood 1928–???
XII. Steven Porter Wood 1930–1997
XII. Oweta Wood 1935–???

XI. Henry Ray BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Rebecca V. Gilley 1922–???
XII. Terry Bowden 1937–???
XII. Robert "Bobby" Ray Bowden 1939–2007

XI. Sadie Myrtle “May” BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Verne "Vernie" Woodrow Gilley 1913–1970
XII. Randell Lamar Gilley 1936–2001
XII. Betty Sue Gilley 1939–Living?
XII. Margie Fay Gilley 1945–Living?
XII. Peter Gilley 1948–Living?
XII. Eura Lee Gilley 1950–
XII. Martha Jean Gilley 1956–
XII. Diane Gilley 1961–

XI. CECIL & NELLIE EARL "Nell" ALLEN 1918–2000
XII. Cecil Bruce BOWDEN 1947–
XII. Glenda Gail BOWDEN 1949–
XII. Sandra Kay BOWDEN 1952-

XI. Flora “Florrie” Bell BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Charles "Doc" Brown 1919–1966
XII. John "Johnny Mack" Brown
XII. Travis Brown
XII. Brenda Brown 1955–

XI. Cleo Ellen “Uncle Johnny” BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Dorothy B Mask 1928–2002
XII. Sherry Bowden ???–2000
XII. Linda Anne Bowden 1948–2001

XI. Daniel Lathaniel “D.L.” BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Sue
XII. James "Jimmy" Wayne Bowden 1947–
XII. Dennis Bowden 1950–
XII. Michael Bowden 1950–

XI. James L BOWDEN (Bowdoin) & Grace Evelyn Mask 1925–1992


1/13/1935 - Approx. 2030

12th Generation (son of CECIL RANDOLPH BOWDEN/Bowdoin)

13th Generation

28 Oct 1965 - Approx. 2065

XIII. Cheryl Ann BOWDEN 1967–

XII. Cecil Bruce BOWDEN & Janis Ellen Saxon 1956-
XIII. Justin Randolph Bowden 1983-

XII. Glenda Gail BOWDEN & Harold E Folds 1943–
XIII. Angela Folds 1974–
XIII. Brian Folds 1979-
XIII. Michael Folds 1986–

XII. Sandra Kay BOWDEN & Joseph Scott
XIII. Jennifer Scott 1980–


10/28/1965 - Approx. 2060

13th Generation (Son of Howard Winston Bowden)

Migration and Land

Movement, Settlement, and Land Acquisitions of Bowdoin line

Massachusetts Bay Colony

1629 - 1684

Included coast of Maine


27 Jan 1640 - Approx. 1682

Pierre's family arrives in America

Approx. Aug 1686

The "John of Dublin" landed either at Casco Bay (now Portland, ME) or Salem, MA. What is certain is that he sold his ship in Salem (Nov 1686), then purchased land in Falmouth Neck on Casco Bay (before March 1687).

Colonial Maine (Massachusetts Bay Colony)

Approx. Sep 1686 - 31 May 1690

Pierre settles family on land purchased at Falmouth on Casco Bay

Approx. Dec 1686

Pierre's family flees to Boston day before massacre at Falmouth

15 May 1690

In this original dwelling-place, Pierre and his family remained only about two years and a half. He had probably heard of the successful establishment in Boston, a year or two previously, of a Protestant church by some of his fellow-fugitives from France.

Sandbox for Timeline Establishment

Blue - Movement Window;
Brown - Residency Window;
Green - Documentation

Mary born in France sometime in 1682

Approx. 1682

Irish asylum granted to 3 "Ye John" passengers

6 Jul 1682


Pierre's friends declared inhabitants of Dublin by Mayor Jarvis Dublin, Dublin, Ireland 6 Jul 1682:

John Chadeyne (or Chadeayne), the shipmaster of John of Dublin, and mariners Peter Arondos and Peter Rolos;

The ship had ALREADY been renamed "John of Dublin" from "Le Jean' well before Pierre's declaration;

Pierre's asylum was granted separately - does this mean he traveled apart from these men when fleeing France?

Residency Window: IRELAND

Approx. 1 Jan 1683 - Approx. 1 Jul 1686

Movement Window: Depart from La Rochelle

Approx. 1 Jan 1683 - Approx. 31 Mar 1684

From France [to Ireland]:

NO SOONER THAN: 1683? (Mary born abt 1682 in France)

NO LATER THAN: 21 Apr 1684 (Pierre signs petition for Wexford Church)

Movement Window: Ireland to New World

Approx. Jul 1686 - Approx. Aug 1686

Ireland Departure:

(Allow for 6 weeks transit time from Ireland; assume no winter crossings)

NO EARLIER THAN: 6 May 1686 (paid duties in Wexford);
NO LATER THAN: 1 Jul 1686 (Sold ship in Salem on 2 Nov 1686)

New World Arrival:

NO EARLIER THAN: Jul 1686 (assuming departure on or after duties paid at Wexford, and allowing for 6 weeks transit)

POS. NO LATER THAN: Aug 1686 (in time for Le Bretton to purchase land in Falmouth in Sep 1686, IF he travelled with Pierre)
DEF. NO LATER THAN: 2 Nov 1686 (sale of ship in Salem)

"John of Dublin" Passenger Philip Le Bretton purchases land in Falmouth Neck

Sep 1686

...[Falmouth] received an accession in 1686, by the arrival of a small company of French protestants, who sought refuge on our shore. The number of persons who came to this town on that occasion we are unable to ascertain, we have succeeded in tracing but four, viz. PETER BOWDOIN, Stephen Boutineau, Philip Le Bretton and Philip Barger.

LE BRETTON, who was undoubtedly one of the company, is found purchasing land as early as Sept. 1686.

Pierre sells ye "John of Dublin" in Salem

2 Nov 1686 - 11 Nov 1686


2 Nov 1686: Pierre's sale of John of Dublin (he owned 3/4, John Chadeayne owned 1/4 and he sold John's share under power of attorney);
9 Nov 1686: Receipt of £40 from the 4 new ye "John of Dublin" co-owners: Capt. John Price, John Ruck, Lt. Thomas Gardner, and Charles Redford (NOTE: Receipt declares Pierre to be a resident of SALEM!);
11 Nov 1686: recorded sale with Salem official;

Residency Window: FALMOUTH

Approx. 15 Nov 1686 - 15 May 1690

From after sale of his ship (when he declares to be a resident of Salem) to his flight before Indian Massacre at Fort Loyall

Pierre purchases 5 acres on the Neck near Robinson's Point from Anthony Brackett

7 Apr 1687

[Pierre's name appears in the records of Falmouth] for the first time in the records April 7, 1687, when he purchased 5 acres of land on the Neck near Robinson's Point, of Anthony Brackett.

Pierre purchased 23 Acres from George Burroughs

1 Apr 1688


April 1, 1688, Bowdoin bought of George Burroughs 23 acres extending across the Neck about where South Street now is: he had also another tract at Barberry Creek [from Andros?].

Correspondence: John Hancock to James Bowdoin, Sr.

9 Nov 1775

John Hancock to James Bowdoin, Sr.

Sir, Congress Chamber 9 Novr. 1775 Philada. I am exceeding Glad to find by the Report of our Committee of Conference (1) that your health was so Establish’d as to be able to attend the Publick Business, I hope soon to hear of your perfect Recovery.
I have the pleasure to inform you that your Son Mr. James Bowdoin (2) Arriv’d last Eveng in this City from London, and this morning Breakfasted with me, he is in good health, and proposes in a few days to Set out for Cambrige. I Congratulate you on his Arrival. No Answer to the Congress Petition, the King Refusing to Receive it on the Throne; that we must work out our own Salvation.
I Beg my best Respects to your good Lady, & am with Respect, Sir Your Most Obedt Servt, John Hancock

RC (MHi)
1 Bowdoin was one of the Massachusetts leaders who met with the congressional Committee of Conference in Cambridge on October 18-22, 1775. Am. Archives, 4th
2 James Bowdoin, Jr. (1752-1811), who had been studying at Christ Church Oxford, and traveling in Europe. DAB.

Benjamin Franklin to James Bowdoin

24 Mar 1776

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume: 3 January 1, 1776 – May 15, 1776
Benjamin Franklin to James Bowdoin

My dear Friend, Philada. Mar. 24. 1776 Inclos’d is an Answer to the Request from the Inhabitants of Dartmouth. I have comply’d with it upon your Recommendation, and ordered a Post accordingly. (1)
I have put into Mr Adam’s Hands directed for you, the new Edition of Vattel When you have perus’d it, please to place it in your College Library. (2)
I am just setting out for Canada, and have only time to add my best Wishes of Health & Happiness to you & all yours. Permit me to say my Love to Mrs Bowdoin, & believe me ever, with sincere & great Esteem, Yours most affectionately B Franklin

RC (MHi).
1 Not found. Apparently the inhabitants of the town of Dartmouth, Bristol County, Mass., had directed to Postmaster General Franklin a request for the establishment of a Post.
2 Bowdoin’s letter of August 19, 1776, reporting that he was sending “Vattel’s Droit des Gens” to the Harvard College Library in accordance with Franklin’s instructions, is in “The Bowdoin and Temple Papers,” Collections of sac Massachusetts Historical Society, 6th ser. 9 (1897): 400-402.


James Bowdoin to George Washington

29 Jul 1776

George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799: Series 4. General Correspondence. 1697-1799

G. Washington to Continental Congress re: James Bowdoin note

8 Aug 1776

New York, August 8, 1776.

Sir: By yesterday's post, I was honoured with your favor of the 2d. instant, with Sundry Resolutions of Congress, to which I shall pay strict Attention. As the proposition for employing the Stockbridge Indians has been approved, I have wrote Mr. Edwards, one of the Commissioners and who lives among them; requesting him to engage them or such as are willing to enter the Service. I have directed him to Indulge them with liberty to join this or the Northern Army or both, as their inclination may lead.

I wish the salutary Consequences may result from the regulation, respecting Seamen taken, that Congress have in view. From the nature of this kind of People, and the priviledges granted on their entering into our service, I should suppose many of them would do It. We want them much.

I yesterday transmitted the Intelligence I received from the Deserters from the Solebay Man of War. The inclosed copy of a Letter by last night's post from the Honr. Mr. Bowdoin,73 with the information of a Captain Kennedy lately taken, corroborate their accounts respecting the Hessian Troops. Indeed his report makes the fleet and Armament to be employed against us, greater than what we have heard they would be; However there remains no doubt of their being both large and formidable, and such as will require our most vigorous exertions to oppose them. persuaded of this, and knowing how much Inferior our Numbers are and will be to theirs, when the whole of their Troops arrive; of the important consequences that may, and will flow from the Appeal that will soon be made, I have wrote to Connecticut and New Jersey for all the succour they can afford, and also to the Convention of this State. What I may receive, and in what time, the event must determine. But I would feign hope, the Situation, the exigency of our Affairs, will call forth the strenuous efforts and early Assistance of those, who are friends to the Cause. I confess there is but too much occasion for their exertions. I confidently trust, they will not be witheld.

[Note 73: James Bowdoin. A copy of his letter of July 29, 1776, with Washington's letter, is in the Papers of the Continental Congress.]

I have inclosed a Copy of a Letter from Mr. Bowdoin74 respecting the Eastern Indians. Congress will thereby perceive, they profess themselves to be well attached to our Interest, and the Summary of the measures taken to engage them in our Service. I have the Treaty at large between the Honorable

[Note 74: A copy of this letter, dated July 30, 1776, with Washington's letter, is in the Papers of the Continental Congress.] Council of the Massachusetts on behalf of the United States, with the Delegates of the St. Johns and Mickmac Tribes. The probability of a copy's being sent already, and its great length, prevents one coming herewith.--If Congress have not had it forwarded to them, I will send a Copy by the first opportunity after notice that it has not been received.

August 9.

By a report received from General Greene last night, at Sun set and a little after, about one hundred Boats were seen bringing Troops from Staten Island to the Ships. Three of which had fallen down towards the narrows having taken in Soldiers from thirty of the Boats; he adds that by the best observations of several Officers, there appeared to be a General Embarkation.

I have wrote to General Mercer for Two Thousand Men from the Flying Camp: Colonel Smallwood's Battalion, as part of them, I expect this forenoon, But where the rest are to come from I know not, as by the General's last return, not more than three or four hundred of the New Levies had got in. In my Letter of the 5th. I inclosed a General return of the Army under my immediate Command, but I immagine the following state will give Congress a more perfect Idea, tho' not a more agreeable one, of our Situation. For the several posts on New York, Long and Governor's Islands and Paulus Hook we have fit for duty 10,514. Sick present 3039. sick absent 629. On Command 2946. On Furlo 97. Total 17225 in addition to these we are only certain of Colo: Smallwood's Battalion, in case of an immediate Attack.

Our posts too are much divided having Waters between many of them and some distant from others 15 Miles.

These circumstances sufficiently distressing of themselves, are much aggravated by the sickness that prevails thro the Army; every day more or less are taken down, so that the proportion of Men that may come in, cannot be considered as a real and serviceable Augmentation in the whole. These things are melancholy, but they are nevertheless true. I hope for better. Under every disadvantage my utmost exertions shall be employed to bring about the great end we have in view, and so far as I can Judge from the professions and apparent disposition of my Troops, I shall have their Support. The Superiority of the Enemy and the expected Attack, do not seem to have depressed their Spirits. These considerations lead me to think that tho' the appeal may not terminate so happily in our favor as I could wish that yet they will not succeed in their views without considerable loss. Any advantage they may get I trust will cost them dear.

8 o'Clock A.M.

By the Reverend Mr. Maddison75 and a Mr. Johnson two Gentlemen of Virginia who came from Staten Island Yesterday and where they arrived the day before in the Packet with Colonel Guy Johnson, I am informed that nothing material had taken place in England when they left it. That there had been a change in the French Ministry which many people thought foreboded a War.76 That it seemed to be believed by many, that Congress would attempt to buy off the Foreign Troops and that it might be effected without great difficulty. Their Accounts from Staten Island nearly correspond with what we had before. They say every preparation is making for an attack; That the force now upon the Island is about 15,000. That they appear very Impatient for the Arrival of the foreign Troops, but a very small part having got in; whether they

[Note 75: Rev. James Madison, who had gone to England in 1775 to be ordained. He was instructor in mathematics and natural philosophy in William and Mary College and after the Revolution became Protestant Episcopal bishop of Virginia.]

[Note 76: This, probably, was the news of Turgot's dismissal from the Ministry of Finance, which had occurred in May, 1776. He was strongly opposed to a war between France and Great Britain.] would attempt any thing before they came, they are uncertain, but they are sure they will as soon as they arrive, if not before.

They say from what they could collect from the conversation of Officers &ca. they mean to Hem us in by getting above us and cutting off all communication with the Country. That this is their plan, seems to be corroborated and confirmed by the circumstances of some Ships of War going out at different times within a few days past and other Vessels.

It is probable that part are to go round and come up the Sound. Mr. Maddison says Lord Howe's powers were not known when he left England. That General Conway77 moved before his departure, that they might be laid before the Commons and had his motion rejected by large Majority. I have the Honor &c.

[Note 77: Gen. Henry Seymour Conway.]

John Adams to James Bowdoin

16 Apr 1777

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 6 January 1, 1777 – April 30, 1777
John Adams to James Bowdoin

Sir Philadelphia April 16. 1777 It is difficult to ascertain with Precision the Designs of the Enemy: But by the best Intelligence We can obtain, their Malice and Revenge against New England, is implacable.
Their Intentions, most probably, are to come over the Lakes and enter N. England by that Way, to attack it by the Way of Rhode Island, and also by the Way of the North or the East River. An Armament may possibly be destined to Cheasapeak Bay by Way of Diversion.
The Surest Way to defend New England is to send along all your continental Troops to their Destinations at Fishkill and Ti.
Congress have this day passed a Resolution in the offensive Stile.(1) The Character of New England, is concerned in the Execution of it. I hope in God, that little Banditti of the Halt and blind in Rhode Island will be destroyed in all Events. If it cost us Thousands of Lives it ought to be done. But I believe by an Expedition prudently conducted, they may be driven off or made Prisoners without any considerable Loss. I am sir with great Respect, your most obt. Sert, John Adams

RC ( M-Ar ) .
1 Congress passed three resolutions this day urging an attack on British forces in Rhode Island. See John Hancock to Certain States, this date.
James Lovell and Samuel Adams drafted a similar letter to Bowdoin on behalf of the Massachusetts delegates. The following undated FC is in the Samuel Adams Papers, NN, but there is no evidence that the letter was sent to Bowdoin.
“The Intelligence which Congress has very lately receivd of the Enemies repeated Depredations in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, gave occasion to the passing of the following Resolution: But such has been the Attention of the Massachusetts Bay to the Safety of all these united States, as renders it needless for us (although requested by Congress) to enlarge upon the Necessity of their turning an immediate Attention to the Reliefe of one in their own Neighborhood, which bears a large Share in the Calamities of War.

Page 589

APRIL 16, 1777

“We request that you would lay the Resolution before the General Assembly as an Apology for this Letter; for, supposing them to have before this Time been made fully acquainted with the Circumstances of Rhode Island, we will not doubt but they are taking such vigorous measures in consequence as to superceed all Necessity for the Resolve which furnishes this particular Occasion of our professing ourselves with much Respect Sir, Your very humble Servts.”

G. Washington Letter to J. Bowdoin from Valley Forge HQ

17 Mar 1778

Head Quarters, Valley Forge, March 17, 1778.

Sir: It gives me inexpressible concern to have repeated information from the best Authority, that the Committees of the different Towns and districts in your State, hire deserters from Genl. Burgoyne's Army, and employ them as substitutes, to excuse the personal service of the Inhabitants. I need not enlarge upon the danger of substituting as Soldiers, men who have given a glaring proof of a treacherous disposition, and who are bound to us by no motives of attachment, to Citizens, in whom the ties of Country, kindred, and some times property, are so many securities for their fidelity. The evils, with which this measure is pregnant, are obvious, and of such a serious nature, as makes it necessary not only to stop the farther progress of it, but likewise to apply a restrospective Remedy, and, if possible, annul it, as far as it has been carried into effect. Unless this is done, although you may be amused for the present with the flattering idea of speedily completing your Battalions, they will be found at, or before, the opening of the Campaign, reduced, by the defection of every British Soldier, to their original weak condition, and the accumulated bounties of the Continent and the State will have been fruitlessly sacrificed. Indeed, Mr. Burgoyne could hardly, if he were consulted, suggest a more effectual plan for plundering us of so much Money, reinforcing Mr. Howe with so many Men, and preventing us from recruiting a certain number of Regiments, to say nothing of the additional losses which may be dreaded, in desertions among the native Soldiers, from the contagion of ill example, and the arts of seduction, which it is more than probable will be put in practice. This matter demands your immediate attention, and I flatter myself, that on a due consideration of the mischiefs which must inevitably flow from the pernicious practice, remonstrated against, you will not delay the application of the most extensive and efficacious remedy.52 I have the honour, etc.53

[Note 52: In answer to this appeal the Massachusetts Legislature passed resolves (Apr. 23, 1778) regulating the enlistment of recruits, which Washington acknowledged May 19, 1778.]

[Note 53: The draft is in the writing of John Laurens.]

The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor.

Washington to J. Bowdoin from Valley Forge HQ

31 Mar 1778

Head Quarters, Valley Forge, March 31, 1778.

Sir: The evil which I apprehended from the inlistment of Deserters, as pointed out in my letter of the 17th inst., has already made its appearance. One of the Colonels informs me, that every British Deserter sent to his Regiment, except one, is already gone off. One of these people, a few nights ago, took off a light horse with his accoutrements from an advanced picket. I hope upon this proof of the infidelity of the above described class, that a total stop will be put to the hiring them. It is now prohibited by an express Resolve of Congress, passed a few weeks ago.

I hope, before this reaches you, that part of your Levies are upon their March to join the Regiments to which they are allotted. Genl. Howe is beginning to draw his reinforcements together and I can with truth assure you, that if he begins his operations before there is an addition made to our present force, that we shall not be able to make that stand which is expected from us. I hope this short, but true State of facts, will induce you to exert yourselves to the utmost to forward the recruits. Such as are not innoculated, need not be detained for that purpose as it may be done conveniently in and near the Camp, and these two great advantages will result from it, that we shall have the service of the patients upon an emergency and they will not have a long March to perform after their recovery, which often debilitates them the remainder of the Campaign and is more fatal than the disorder itself.

I have no doubt but proper care will be taken, to procure Clothing for the Men before the march, or to have it sent forward, that it may be ready for them upon their arrival. I hope a due attention will also be paid to keeping up a sufficient quantity of Cloathing, that the Soldiers may never be reduced to want and nakedness. Not only a loss from Sickness, follows the want of covering, but desertion to a very great degree. I am astonished, considering the sufferings the men have undergone, that more of them have not left us. I have &ca.14

[Note 14: The draft is in the writing of Tench Tilghman.]

The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor.

Samuel Adams to James Bowdoin

22 Aug 1780

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume: 15 April 1, 1780 – August 31, 1780
Samuel Adams to James Bowdoin

My Dear Sir, Phila. Aug. 22, 1780
I have received your favor of the 31st of July (1) & forwarded the letter inclosed to Mrs. Reed who resides in the country.(2)
The Count de Rochambeau, in a letter to Congress,(3) speaks very highly of the attention of the Government of Massachusetts, & of the appearance of the numerous Militia so seasonably forwarded when an attack was expected in Rhode Island. And the Minister of France, who on every occasion expresses his great regards for that state, mentioned the same thing to its Delegates in the most flattering terms. It is a pity that a Militia, always ready to turn out with a view of doing essential service, should be disappointed. They were so full of ardor that the Count was under a necessity of urging their return to their necessary affairs at home, with the promise of their being again called for, when Genl. Washington should judge that the circumstances of affairs should require it. We are impatient for the arrival of the 2d division of the French Squadron, which we are informed by letters from Boston was spoke with near a month ago by a vessel bound to Salem. The season is advancing fast, & our troops must daily consume provision the bare transportation of which is an immense cost. I perceive that the General Assembly stands further prorogued to the 31st of this month. I am sorry that a state of our claim of territory in the New Hampshire Grant has not yet been forwarded to Congress; for although it is my wish as an individual that this uncomfortable dispute may subside till a more convenient season, yet I would not willingly be under the necessity of saying, when called upon after so long notice, that our state is not ready. It might have the appearance of a consciousness in ourselves, that our claim is not well founded.
Our new Constitution (4) is much approved of by many gentlemen here. I understand it is soon to be in force. I do most earnestly pray that Heaven may direct the people to the choice of a wise man for their Governor, & incline him to accept of the trust.
The post is just going, which obliges me to conclude. I am with very great respect,
Your assured friend & Very hble. Servt, S.Adams.(5)

MS not found; reprinted from Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1st ser. 12 (1871-73): 229-30.
1 Bowdoin’s July 31 letter to Adams is in ibid., p. 229.

Page 614

AUGUST 22, 1780

2 That is, a letter from Bowdoin’s wife, Elizabeth Erving Bowdoin, to Esther DeBerdt Reed. Ibid.
3 See Committee of Congress Report on Rochambeau’s Letter, August 17; and Samuel Huntington to Rochambeau, August 19, 1780.
4 That is, the new constitution of Massachusetts, drafted in a convention over which Bowdoin had presided.
5 Adams’ correspondence during this period also includes a brief hortatory letter of August 17 to his daughter Hannah, acknowledging a recent letter and full of expressions of conventional piety. William V. Wells, The Life and Public Services of Samuel Adams, 3 vols. (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1865), 3:53-54.

G. Washington to J. Bowdoin from HQ Hackensack Bridge

12 Sep 1780

Head Quarters, near Hackensack Bridge, September 12, 1780.

Gentn: Notwithstanding the Second Division expected from France has not arrived, we have good reason to think it will make its appearance before it is long upon our coast, or that the Chevalier de Ternay will at any rate receive a reinforcement which will give him a naval superiority in these seas. If this should be the case the delicate and pressing situation of our affairs will require that we avail ourselves of the succour if it shall be practicable, in some way or other. The circumstances of the season may be such possibly, as to prevent any operation in this quarter but still perhaps something may be attempted elsewhere with a good prospect of success and advantage. But this will depend on the means we have of subsisting our Troops. At present, unfortunately for us, were we in the fullest possession of a naval superiority and the fairest opportunities were to present themselves for striking a Stroke, we could not transport even a small body of Troops to any point however interesting and certain the Object for want of salt provisions. From these considerations, it is a matter of the greatest importance that we should have a supply immediately procured if it is possible. Every thing may depend upon it and must, so far as any Enterprise is attempted, except against New York. I have heard that a very considerable quantity of beef and pork was captured in the Quebec fleet. If this is the fact, it seems to be the only source from which we can hope to obtain a supply, and from the necessity of the case I take the liberty to entreat you and will endeavour to secure it. I would wish at least Four thousand Barrels to be provided if it be by any means practicable and I am certain the Council will render the states the most essential service by the measure. But if after all, events should occur to make this supply unnecessary, the provision will not prove an incumbrance on their hands and will always bring it's cost. I confide in the goodness of the Council to excuse this freedom and persuade myself that they will most readily place the application to the motives which have really produced it.

I am pained to inform Your Honorable body that our distresses for meat still continue pressing and alarming. The supplies we have received, including the Cattle which have been exacted from the Inhabitants of this state and in many instances to their entire ruin and which have made no inconsiderable part, have been little more than sufficient to satisfy a third of our necessary demands. The troops on some occasions have been even four and five days without a mouthful of meat. Complaints and murmuring, a relaxation of discipline, marauding, robbery and desertion are the consequences, and indeed it is to be wondered at that they have not prevailed to a much greater extent. I am satisfied things cannot continue long in their present situation. I have the honor etc.54

[Note 54: The draft is in the writing of Robert Hanson Harrison.]

The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor.

Samuel Adams to James Bowdoin

3 Feb 1781

Letters of Delegates to Congress: Volume 16 September 1, 1780 – February 28, 1781
Samuel Adams to James Bowdoin

My Dear Sir Philadelphia Feb. 3 1781
I have receivd your Letter of the 11th of Jany and thank you, for the favor you have done me, in assigning one of the Pamphlets inclosd to me. (1) I have read it with great Pleasure & think it does Honor to its Author & the Academy. Agreable to your Request, they are distributed to the Gentlemen mentiond, excepting Doctor Lee who is in Virginia.(2) I will send the remaining one to him by the first good opportunity. Please to present my Compts to your Family, and be assured that I am with great Respect, Your affectionate & very humble Servant, Saml. Adams

RC (Joseph G. Deering, Saco, Maine, 1974).
(1) Adams was undoubtedly referring to James Bowdoin’s pamphlet, A Philosophical Discourse, Addressed to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. . . (Boston: James Edes and Sons, 1780). Evans, Am. Bibliography, no. 16,720.
(2) In the course of distributing these pamphlets, Adams also directed the following brief note, dated only “Feb. 1781,” to the American Philosophical Society.
“Mr. S Adams presents his respectful Compliments to the President of the American Philosophical Society, and at the Request of Mr Bowdoin, begs his Acceptance of the inclosed Pamphlet in the Name of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.” PPAmP.

Washington to Bowdoin from New York

9 May 1789

New York, May 9, 1789.

Sir: Since my arrival in this place I have been honored with your letters of the 18th of Feby. and 24th of April.

To meet the congratulations and assurances of support from those Characters whose opinions I revere, will be of no small service in enabling me to overcome the diffidence which I have in my own abilities, to execute properly the important and untried task which my Country has assigned me.

No part of my duty will be more delicate, and, in many instances, more unpleasing, than that of nominating or appointing persons to offices. It will undoubtedly often happen that there will be several candidates for the same office whose pretensions, abilities and integrity may be nearly equal, and who will come forward so equally supported in every respect as almost to require the aid of supernatural intuition to fix upon the right. I shall, however, in all events, have the satisfaction to reflect that I entered upon my administration unconfined by a single engagement, uninfluenced by any ties of blood or friendship, and with the best intentions and fullest determination to nominate to office those persons only, who, upon every consideration, were the most deserving, and who would probably execute their several functions to the interest and credit of the American Union, if such characters could be found by my exploring every avenue of information respecting their merits and pretensions that it was in my power to obtain.

With great respect etc.73

[Note 73: In the writing of Tobias Lear. This letter is entered in the "Letter Book" as bearing date of May 6.
On May 7 Washington had written practically this same letter to Nathaniel Gorham, a copy of which is in the "Letter Book" in the Washington Papers.]


James Bowdoin to George Washington

21 Oct 1789

James Bowdoin to George Washington, October 21, 1789

George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799: Series 4. General Correspondence. 1697-1799

George Washington to American Academy of Arts-Sciences

14 Nov 1791

Philadelphia, November 14, 1791.

Sir: I have received your letter of the 10th. of September enclosing by order of the American academy of arts and sciences, Judge Lowell's74 eulogy on the late Governor Bowdoin.75

[Note 74: John Lowell. He was United States judge for the District of Massachusetts.]

[Note 75: Gov. James Bowdoin.]

I must beg, sir, you will present my proper acknowledgments to the Academy, for this mark of attention, and at the same time receive yourself my thanks for the polite manner in which you have transmitted to me the eulogy on that worthy character, and for the catalogue of Harvard College which accompanied it. I am etc.76

[Note 76: From the "Letter Book" copy in the Washington Papers.
On November 14 Lear wrote to Rev. Elhanan Winchester, in London, England, acknowledging for the President "a set of your lectures upon the prophecies that remain to be fulfilled." Lear's letter is entered in the "Letter Book" in the Washington Papers.
On this same day (November 14) Lear also wrote to Rev. Auley Macauley, the President had received his letter "in behalf of a poor old man in your neighbourhood whom you mention as a near relation of the late Dr, Franklin, and request that the President will bring the situation of this poor man and his grandson before Congress to obtain some relief for them. In obedience to the President's commands, I have the honor to inform you that the President brings no business before Congress but what is of a public nature, and such as his official character renders it necessary for him to communicate to that Body. His departure therefore in this case from his uniform practice could not be warranted. The President moreover directs me to inform you that Dr. Franklin has left several near relations with handsome property in this city, to whom, or through whom it seems most proper that application should be made, and that there is most probably a Grandson of Dr, Franklin's in London at this time (he having gone over there last Fall)." Lear's letter is recorded in the "Letter Book" in the Washington Papers.]
The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799. John C. Fitzpatrick, Editor.

Thomas Jefferson Memorandum on James Bowdoin’s Letter

18 Sep 1810

Thomas Jefferson Memorandum on James Bowdoin's Letter

The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
Thomas Jefferson, September 18, 1810, Memorandum on James Bowdoin’s Letter

James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson

11 Nov 1824

James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, November 11, 1824
Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe Correspondence, Transcribed and Edited by Gerard W. Gawalt, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, November 11, 1824
Washington Novr. 11. 1824
Dear Sir
Col. Sullivan of Massachusetts having intimated to me his intention of visiting certain parts of Virga, & of calling on you, I have taken the liberty of giving him this letter of introduction to your acquaintance. He is a son of Govr. Sullivan, and was Secretary to Mr. Bowdoin in his mission to Spain, in which character I became acquainted with him at London in 1805. Our acquaintance has since been preserv'd, and it gives me pleasure to state, that I have derivd great satisfaction from it, from the experience it has afforded of his talents and merit, as well as of his amiable qualities. His Lady will accompany him, who was the niece of Mr. Bowdoin, and is a very estimable woman.
With great respect I am very sincerely your friend James Monroe
RC (Jefferson Papers, Library of Congress).