This era is poorly known, the earliest evidence of human activity. And the longest period of human history. Our earlier human ancestors were hunters and gatherers who had a nomadic lifestyle. The main evidence that they left behind is there stone tools that they left behind when they evolved to the Bronze Age.
This period is a transition from the way people were living during the Palaeolithic period as hunters and gathers to the development of farming and the formation of settled communities in the Neolithic period. Evidence that proves that this period took place comes from restricted scatterings of flint tools.
This period begins with the first farmers and the introduction of domesticated animals and plants. The most striking features are the great ceremonial monuments which were erected throughout this period including communal burial places called long barrows. During this age humans discovered metal as raw material for fashioning tools, weapons and jewellery. The discovery of copper gave rise to new occupations, social groups and social hierarchy. At the top of the pyramid were the warriors, who protected their village communities. Trading of copper and copper objects allowed villages to gain contact with other villages.
The start of this period was marked by the beginning of advanced metal working in copper, Gold and Bronze. The early stages of this period sees the introduction of a new technique of burial where they lay single bodies under mounds of earth known as Round Barrows, much like those that take place today. By the middle of this period the landscape was covered by extensive field systems.
The start of this period is marked by the first use of iron for tools, weapons and ornaments. The Iron Age saw Hill forts appear in the landscape alongside a range of rural settlements set within large field systems. During this period new agricultural practices were founded along with religious beliefs and artistic styles
This period of agricultural and industrial revolution has had a major impact on the landscape, with the enclosure of land on a large scale and the intensification of agriculture. The introduction of modern infrastructure such as new roads has helped alter the landscape. This period saw the destruction to many forest and bushland to make way for towns and factories, the forests were further destroyed by the coming of WWI and WWII.