1960-1988 US History

Events

Bay of Pigs Invasion

April 17, 1961

Kennedy meets with Khrushchev at the Vienna Summit

June 4, 1961

Berlin Crisis and construction of Berlin Wall

August 1961

Kennedy sends "military advisers" to South Vietnam

Approx. November 1961

Kennedy's tax-cut bill

1962

the steel episode provoked fiery attacks by big business on the New Frontier, but Kennedy soon appealed to believers in free enterprise when he announced his support of a general tax-cut bill. He rejected the advice of those who wished greater government spending and instead chose to stimulate the economy by slashing taxes and putting more money directly into private hands. When he announced his policy before a big business group, one observer called it "the most Republican speech since McKinley"

Trade Expansion Act

1962

authorizing tariff cuts of up to 50% to promote trade with Common Market countries

pressure from JFK results in rollback of steel prices

1962

JFK and his administration helped negotiate a noninflationary wage agreement in the steel industry in early 1962. The assumption was that the companies, for their part, would keep the lid on prices. But almost immediately steel management announced significant price increases, thereby seemingly demonstrating bad faith

Laos neutralized

1962

Cuban Missle Crisis

Approx. October 22, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Civil rights march in Washington D.C.

August 1963

Anti-Diem coup in South Vietnam

November 1963

Kennedy assassinated

November 22, 1963

Nixon resigns; Ford assumes presidency

1964

Johnson defeats Goldwater for presidency

1964

Civil Rights Act

1964

Ford is president

1964

24th amendment is ratified

1964

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

August 4, 1964

War on Poverty begins

December 1964

Escalation of Vietnam War

1965 - 1968

Race riots in US Cities

1965 - 1968

Voting Rights Act

1965

US troops occupy the Dominican Republic

1965

Great Society legislation

1965

Six-Day War between Isreal and Egypt

1967

Martin Luther King Jr and Robert Kennedy assassinated

1968

Tet offensive in Vietnam

1968

Nixon defeats Humphrey and Wallace for presidency

1968

Astronauts land on moon

1969

Stonewall Inn riot in NYC

1969

EPA created

1970

Kent State and Jackson State incidents

1970

Nixon orders invasion of Cambodia

1970

Clean Air Act

1970

Pentagon Papers published

1971

Equal Rights Amendment passes Congress (not ratified by states)

1972

26th amendment passed

1972

ABM and SALT I treaties ratified

1972

Nixon visits China and the Soviet Union

1972

Title IX of Education Amendments passed

1972

Shanghai Communique begins "normalization" of US-Chinese relations

1972

Nixon defeats McGovern for Presidency

November 1972

Agnew resigns; Ford appointed Vice President

1973

War-Powers Act

1973

Arab-Isreali war and Arab oil embargo

1973

Watergate hearings and investigations

1973 - 1974

Roe v. Wade

1973

Endangered Species Act

1973

Frontiero v. Richardson

1973

Vietnam cease-fire and US withdrawl

1973

International Energy Agency formed

1974

First OPEC oil-price increase

1974

Milliken v. Bradley

1974

South Vietnam falls to communists

1975

Helsinki accords

1975

Carter defeats Ford for presidency

1976

United States v. Wheeler

1978

Egyptian-Isreali Camp David agreement

1978

SALT II agreements signed (never ratified by Senate)

1979

Iranian revolution and oil crisis

1979

Soviet Union invades Afghanistan

1979

Iranian hostage crisis

1979 - 1981

Reagan defeats Carter for presidency

November 1980

Iran releases American hostages

1981

United States aids antileftist forces in Central America

1981 - 1991

O'Connor appointed to Supreme Court

1981

Solidarity movement in Poland

1981

"Reaganomics" spending and tax cuts passed

1981

Recession hits US economy

1982

Reagan announces SDI plan (Star Wars)

1983

US Marines killed in Lebanon

1983

US invasion of Grenada

1983

Reagan defeats Mondale for presidency

1984

Gorbachev comes to power in the Soviet Union

1985

First Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting in Geneva

1985

Reagan administration backs Aquino in Philippines

1986

Second Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland

1986

Iran-contra scandal revealed

1986

Stock market plunges 508 points

1987

US Naval escorts begin in Persian Gulf

1987

Senate rejects Supreme Court nomination of Robert Bork

1987

Third Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting in Washington D.C.; INF treaty signed

1987

Bush defeats Dukakis for presidency

1988

Fourth Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting, in Moscow

1988

Presidential Elections/Presidents

Kennedy is President

January 20, 1961

Johnson assumes role as president

November 22, 1963

Johnson vs. Goldwater

November 1964

Johnson's inauguration

January 1965

Nixon vs Humphrey vs Wallace

1968

Nixon is president

January 1969

Nixon is Re-Elected

1972

Nixon vs McGovern

1972

Ford is President

1974

Carter vs Ford

1976

Carter is president

1977

Reagan vs Carter

November 1980

Reagan is president

January 1981

Reagan vs Mondale

1984

Reagan's 2nd term

January 1985

Bush vs Dukakis

1988

Bush is president

January 1989