China's Hostory

Main

1st Opium War

1839

The British trade opium with China, but when addictions get to be a problem, they up a fight and tried to get rid of the opium. Britain won the war.

Sino-Japanese War

1894

China and Japan fought over a section of China's land. Japan won and claimed more territory for their empire.

Boxer Rebellion

1898

Chinese citizens wanted the empress and dynastic system gone, so they fought.

Open Door Policy

1900

The United States formed a treaty and it stated that all trade was equal and open between all countries and China

Communist Party Organized

1921

The ideas of communism reached China and the Communist Party formed.

The Long March

1934

The trek to northwest China by Communists who were being hunted and removed by the Nationalists.

Nationalists flee to Taiwan, Mao controls Communist China

1949

Mao's Communist party and ideas build up enough power to fight the Nationalists. The win the fight, causing Nationalists to flee and Communism to start to control China.

Beginning of the Great Leap Forward

1958

This is when Mao started really changing China into a Communist country. It started all equal payment and treatment, and made huge farming plantations to grow food on, which miserably failed.

End of alliance between the Soviet Union and China

1960

China was becoming a bit too extreme for the Soviet Union, so they cut ties with them.

Cultural Revolution

1966

Communist China began to strictly enforce Communist ideas, and all intellectuals, landlords, or people with high position and money were publically humiliated and denounced. Kids would join the Red Guard and enforce the Communist ideas.

President Nixon visits China

1972

President Nixon went to China to strengthen the bonds between the two countries.

Mao dies as does the Cultural Revolution

1976

When Chairman Mao dies, the Cultural Revolution and the extreme Communist ideas come to a close.

Tiananmen Square Massacre

1989

It began as a rally for change in political power and which government system should be used, and turned into a massacre of unarmed civilians when the government attacked to stop it from continuing.