New army and peasants, rebelled against the Emperor with Sun Yat Sen as their leader. Yuan Shikai was brought out of retirement to act as prime minister and remove the rebels. He quickly defeated the rebels, but then made a deal with them, in return for their support he would help them achieve their aims.
formed by sun yatsen
High taxes, enlisted peasants into their army and governed with great severity.
Teachers and students, getting rid of old ideas and modernising ideas of freedom, equal rights, and scientific progress.
This was a rebellion against the Paris Treaties' terms.
Made to fight warlordism and against Japan
1925 - The death of Sun Yat-sen brings Chiang Kai-shek to the fore. He breaks with the Communists and confirms the governing Kuomintang as a nationalist party.
GMD and CCP work together to get rid of warlordism in china
1931-45 - Japan invades and gradually occupies more and more of China.
1934-35 - Mao Zedong emerges as Communist leader during the party's "Long March" to its new base in Shaanxi Province.
Mao focusses on the development of their economy and heavy industry, steel, coal, and heavy machinery. Living standards only slowly increased as most industry was focussed on consumer goods not living conditions.
doubled their coal output to 120 million tonnes
and 1.3 t of steel to 5.2
0.4 of oil to 1.4
Mao wanted people to speak their minds, and talk about what they wanted from the CCP. In 1957 Mao crushed it because people were critisising him too much. People were arrested and sent to thought reform.
failure, pig iron was weak and broke.
Falsified grain figures to please Mao.
Not enough field workers, meant shortages of food/famine.
9 million people died, and they could not trade their steel as it was pig iron.
they give more freedom to the nation allowing small profit for farmers, and allowing more capitalist ideas
Mao returns to power, Red Guards have main power in provinces:
Remove the four olds; Ideals, Customs, Cultures, Habits
Gang of four having been arrested for extreme views.
Hu Guofeng dies, public want to be at funeral. leads to incident