by Dan-Andrei Iliescu
Ur Uruk Lagash Lippur Eridu
Built by Ashurbanipal
Alfonso of Castile and El Cid
by Ignatius Loyola
Charles Martel defeats the Umayyads
Protestant princes allowed to continue religious practices.
Habsburg supremacy curtailed
Rise of France and the Bourbon dynasty
Rise of the Swedish Empire
Decline of feudalism
Decentralization of the Holy Roman Empire
Substantial decline in the power and influence of the Catholic Church
Abolition of the French monarchy
Establishment of a secular and democratic republic that became increasingly authoritarian and militaristic
Radical social change based on liberalism and other Enlightenment principles
Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Armed conflicts with other European countries.
Triple Alliance: Germany - Austria - Italy
Triple Entente: UK - France - Russia
Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Ramses the Great
Due to the southern spread of the Saharan Desert