UNIT 3. From the Opium Wars to the Republic of China

Main

The Gov. banned the importation and production of opium

1800

Smoking opium was banned as well

1813

The Opium War

1839 - 1842

Chinese Emperor surrounded and signal of the Treaty of Nanjing

1842

Shining Red Lanterns (women)

1898

Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists

1898

The Boxer Uprising

1898 - 1901

The Hundred Days Reform

1898

Empress dowager Cixi dies, and Puyi is named Emperor

1908

Foundation of the Guomindang (Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek)

1911

Revolution of 1911

1911 - 1912

Dr Sun Yat-sen is named provisional president of the Republic

12/25/1911

The Qing court abdicates

February, 1912

The May Fourth Movement

05/04/1919

Foundation of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Mao Zedong)

1921

Japanese invasion

1937 - 1945

Starts near Beijing (Marco Polo Bridge incident)

1937

Shanghai is bombed by the Japanese

September, 1937

China's capital Nanjing fell to the Japanese, and Nanjing Massacre

December, 1937

US becomes a Chinese allied (after Pearl Harbour), but only of Chiang Kai-shek

1941

Japan sorrounds after the US drops the second nuclear bomb on Nagasaki

1945

Chinese Civil War

1946 - 1950