International relations

1943-1991

WW1

1940-55

Germany invaded Russia

1914

West initially refused to ally Stalin against Hitler

1933

Britain defended poland

1939

Britain gone to war in Poland to secure independence

Grand Alliance

1941

USSR joined West against Hitler

1941

didn't open third front till 1944 (D-Day)

Germany invaded Russia

1941

D-Day

1944

Cold War

Tehran Conference

Nov 1943

Warsaw uprising

Aug 1944

Crushed by Germans
Weak as result

Roosevelt died

1945

Su wanted frontier of Poland moved

1945

Yalta conference

Feb 1945

Potsdam conference

July 1945

Atomic bomb

16 July 1945

successfully tested

Nazi's tried in Nuremburg

1946

Truman Doctrine

1947

first displayed in Greece

Marshall Plan

June 1947

George Marshall- secretary of state

Marshall plan- provided $17 bill to rebuild economies and living tandardds

1953

Pravda article

1960

lost more than Britain and France

Cominform

How the Soviet spread communism through Eastern europe

SU wanted to move Polish border so majority in SU

1945

Romania- communist demonstrations

Jan 1945

Romania Coalition established

1945

Polish coalition

June 1945

Hungary- largest party smallholders

Aug 1945

50% votes in August elections

Romanian Elections

Nov 1946

Communists 80% votes

Czechslovakia- Com. largest party is coalition

1947

Comniform

1947

Communism Information bureau

Polish elections rigged

Jan 1947

Hungary- Bela Kovacs arrested

1947

CP siezed control of ministry of interior during economic crisis

Hungary- Communists won elections and took over government

Aug 1947

won majority of votes

Czechoslovakia- CP used army to sieze control

1948

Greece

USA response to Soviet Expansion

2 Rival groups

1944

Monarchist and Communists both wanted control of Greece

Churchill sent troops to Greece

1945

to ensure Moncharist siezed power

USSR protested to UN,

1946

British troops threatened peace

Monarchists/ Royalists in Control

1950

Berlin Blockade and Airlift

Commission - administer zones

1945

Blockade

1948

Airlift

28 June 1948 - Approx. April 1949

'Operation Plainfare'

4600 supplies per day

Sept 1948

Peak- 13,000 tonnes in 24 hours bu 1398 planes

16 April 1949 - 17 April 1949

Called of Blockade

12 may 1949

Developments that increased East- West Rivalry

1940-55

Chinese communists siezed power in 1949

1949

Mao Zedong

USSR atomic bomb

1949

successfully tested
shocked USA

NATO

April 1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
-setup after Airlift

Korean War

1950 - 1955

Northa (COM) invaded South in 1950

Stalin died

1953

SU tested H- Bomb

1953

shortly after American test

Warsaw Pact

1955

Nikita Khrushchev new SU leader

1955