SSHP GM timeline

history of genetics

1717: Thomas Fairchild developes first Inter specific hybrid

01/01/1717

1717: Thomas Fairchild: Developed first Inter specific hybrid between sweat William and Carnation Species of Dianthus.

1800: Knight, T.A (English): First used Artificial Hybridization in Fruit Crops

01/01/1800

1800: Knight, T.A (English): First used Artificial Hybridization in Fruit Crops.

1859 Charles Darwin's publishes Origin of Species

01/01/1859

Charles Darwin published the first edition of The Origin of the Species which, amongst other things, gives extensive information on the knowledge of breeding at that time.

1865 Gregor Mendel's discoveries on the breeding of peas.

01/01/1865

1865 Gregor Mendel's publicised his discoveries on the breeding of peas, which became the foundation of modern genetics.

1869 Friedrich Miescher discovers nuclein

01/01/1869

1869 Friedrich Miescher discovers nuclein -- a major component of which is DNA -- in the cell nucleus.

1890 John Garton commercialises new varieties of agricultural crops

01/01/1890

1900 Mendel's theory rediscovered

01/01/1900

By three scientists, among which Hugo de Vries

1902 Walter Sutton & Theodor Boveri propose chromosomes

01/01/1902

1902 Walter Sutton & Theodor Boveri propose that inheritance is due to chromosomes

1953 Double helix DNA structure

01/01/1953

1953 James Watson and Francis Crick proposed the double helix structure of DNA.

1983 Invention of Gene Gun

01/01/1983

1983 Monsanto genetically modifies first cel

01/01/1983

1994 FlavrSavr transgene tomato markets

01/01/1994

2013 March against Monsanto

05/25/2013

important periods

start of plant hybridization / plant breeding

Approx. 1717 - 2014

classical genetics

Approx. 1900 - 2014

Green Revolution

1940 - 1960

genetic engineering

1973 - 2014

start of golden rice development

1975 - 2014

'modern' genetic engineering

1990 - 2014

modern GM

environmental movements

start of environmental movements

Approx. 1961 - 2014

publication of Silent Spring (DDT)

01/01/1962

Friends of the Earth founded

01/01/1969

Environmental Protection Agency created

01/01/1970

GreenPeace founded

01/01/1971

James Lovelock publishes his Gaia Hypothesis

01/01/1979

organic movements

start of organic movement

Approx. 1924 - 2014

1924 Rudolf Steiner Biodynamic Agriculture

demand for organic production regulation legislation

01/01/1980

start legislation and certification standards

1990

organic certification becomes 'mainstream'

2000