History

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Treaty of Versailles

1919

-war guilt clause - article 231
-£6.6bn reparations
-Rhineland demilitarised
-reduced army
-not allowed in L of N

Spartacists rising

1919

Liebknecht and Luxemburg's communists - defeated by Freikorps

Kapp putsch

1920

Wolfgang Kapp with some Freikorps took over Berlin and formed new government - workers strike

Walter Rathenau assassinated

1922

Foreign Minister who signed Russian peace treaty and was Jewish assassinated

Munich putsch

1923

Hitler planned to overthrow Bavarian government but failed

Ruhr workers to work again

1923

Ruhr occupation

1923

France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr and workers are paid to partake in passive protest

Dawes plan

1924

longer to pay money + introduced Rentenmark to make currency more stable

Locarno pact

1925

western borders of Germany agreed

Foreign troops leave Ruhr

1925

Joined L of N

1926

Kellogg-Briand pact

1928

Not using violence to settle disputes

Young plan

1929

reparations reduced to 3/4 of amount - 59 years to pay

Wall street crash

1929

Biggest bank collapses

1931

Makes paying the reparations more difficult

Nazi become the largest party

1932

Chancellorship given

January 1933

Hindenburg finally gives up

Concordat

1933

No interference by either Nazi's or Catholic church

Massive Unemployment

1933

6 million unemployed

Reichstag fire

February 1933

Reichstag Fire decree awarded. 4000 communist leaders arrested and articles 112-118 suspended - Habeus Corpus

Enabling Law

March 1933

Power to pass laws without the Reichstag - needed 2/3 of Reichstag to pass it - 444 votes to 94 votes

National Labour Service

1935

Made compulsory for men 18-25 for 6 months - manual work for the unemployed

Nuremberg laws

1935

Stopped Jews being German citizens - no marriage and sex between Jews and non-Jews

Military conscription

1935

Conscription introduced

4 Year plan

1936

Plan introduced to prepare country for war, to make Germany self-sufficient and not reliant on foreign goods

With burning anxiety

1937

Pope Pius XI issues it

Kristallnacht

1938

Riots after a Jew murders a German diplomat in Paris

HJ largest youth organisation

1939

7.3 million youth in HJ, biggest in the world

Final Solution

1942

U know that

Army try to assassinate

1944

Claus von Stauffenberg puts a bomb in Hitlers meeting room