Photography

Origin

Camera Obscura

1300

Before photography was created, people already knew the principles of how it eventually got to work. They could process the image on the wall or piece of paper, however no printing was possible at the time as preserving light turned out to be a lot harder task than projecting it. The instrument that people used for processing pictures was called the Camera Obscura (which is Latin for the Dark Room) and it was around for a few centuries before photography came along.

First Photo

1825

The first photo picture was taken in 1825 by a French inventor Joseph Niepce. It depicts a view from the window at Le Gras. There is little merit in this picture other than the fact that it is the first photograph taken and preserved.

invention of photography

1830

An art form invented in 1830s, becoming publicly recognised ten years later.

Sir John Hersche

1839

first glass negative as opposed to metal.

Kodak

1888

Finally, after decades of refinements and improvements, the mass use of cameras began with Eastman's Kodak's camera. It went on to the market in 1888 with the slogan "You press the button, we do the rest".

Practices old and new

Schulze

1727

Professor J. Schulze mixes chalk, nitric acid, and silver in a flask; notices darkening on side of flask exposed to sunlight. Accidental creation of the first photo-sensitive compound.

Sun pictures

1800

Thomas Wedgwood makes "sun pictures" by placing opaque objects on leather treated with silver nitrate; resulting images deteriorated rapidly, however, if displayed under light stronger than from candles.

Henry Fox Talbot

1834

Henry Fox Talbot creates permanent (negative) images using paper soaked in silver chloride and fixed with a salt solution. Talbot created positive images by contact printing onto another sheet of paper.

silver-plated copper

1837

Louis Daguerre creates images on silver-plated copper, coated with silver iodide and "developed" with warmed mercury; Daguerre is awarded a state pension by the French government in exchange for publication of methods and the rights by other French citizens to use the Daguerreotype process.

First Kodak

1888

First Kodak camera, containing a 20-foot roll of paper, enough for 100 2.5-inch diameter circular pictures.

Commercial

1907

First commercial color film, the Autochrome plates, manufactured by Lumiere brothers in France

man ray

1921

Man Ray begins making photograms ("rayographs") by placing objects on photographic paper and exposing the shadow cast by a distant light bulb; Eugegrave;ne Atget, aged 64, assigned to photograph the brothels of Paris

Art

1976

First solo show of color photographs at the Museum of Modern Art, William Eggleston's Guide

Phones

2000

Camera phone introduced in Japan by Sharp/J-Phone

Polaroid

2001

Polaroid goes bankrup

four thirds

2003

Four-Thirds standard for compact digital SLRs introduced with the Olympus E-1; Canon Digital Rebel introduced for less than $1000

film cameras

2004

Kodak ceases production of film cameras

canon eos

2005

Canon EOS 5D, first consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR, with a 24x36mm CMOS sensor for $3000; Portraits by Rineke Dijkstra

Outlook for the next 20 years

job outlook 3

2018

Hourly wages ($16.47) are close to the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is below average.

job outlook

2020

The employment growth rate will likely be average because technological advances will simplify the process of taking and developing photographs, which limits the demand for photographers.

job outlook 2

2022

The number of job seekers will likely exceed the number of job openings.

Scholarships