Music Timeline

Eras

End of Prehistoric

1500 BC

approximate (c1500 BC)

Ancient (Invention of writing to the fall of the Western Roman Empire)

1500 BC - 475

Early

476 - 1760

Medieval

476 - 1400

Renaissance

1400 - 1600

Common Practice

1600 - 1910

Baroque

1600 - 1760

Classical

1730 - 1820

Romantic

1815 - 1920

Modern + Contemporary

1890 - Present

Modernism

1890 - 1930

Contemporary Classical or New

1975 - Present

Events

Writing invented (marks the change in eras)

1500 BC

Approximate date

Polyphony / counterpoint was used in Greece during this era

700 BC

Just dated it into the middle of the Ancient Era

Medieval music was polyphonic (it used counterpoint)

476

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

476

Used complex counterpoint

1400

Zarlino's, Gaffurius', + Monteverdi's styles led to common practice tonality

1567

Secular music became important instead of only sacred music.

1600

Instrumental music also gained interest.

1600

Well Temperament allowed modulation between keys

1600

polyphony / counterpoint used

1600

Music is homophonic (melody with chords)

1760

Counterpoint was decorational. Repeating patterns like arpeggios replaced it.

1760

Instrumental music predominates

1760

Compositions

Jacopo Peri's Dafne (the first opera)

1598

Monteverdi 's L'Orfeo (early opera that used the orchestra in a more modern way)

1607

People

Franchinus Gaffurius

Jan 14, 1451 - June 25, 1522

Gioseffo Zarlino

1517 - Feb 4, 1590

Jacopo Peri

20 August 1561 - 12 August 1633

Claudio Monteverdi

1567 - Nov 29, 1643

Jean-Baptiste Lully

11/28/1632 - 3/22/1687

Johann Pachelbel

Jan 1653 - 3/3/1706

Arcangelo Corelli

2/17/1653 - 1/8/1713

Henry Purcell

9/10/1659 - 11/21/1695

Tomaso Albinoni

6/8/1671 - 1/17/1751

Antonio Vivaldi

3/4/1678 - 7/28/1741

Georg Philipp Telemann

3/14/1681 - 6/25/1767

Jean-Phillippe Rameau

9/25/1683 - 9/12/1764

Johann Sebastian Bach

1/1685 - 7/28/1750

George Frideric Händel

2/23/1685 - 3/14/1759

Domenico Scarlatti

10/26/1685 - 7/23/1757

(Transition)

Johann Joachim Quantz

1/30/1697 - 7/12/1773

(Transition)

Giovanni Battista Sammartini

1/1/1700 - 1/15/1775

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

1/4/1710 - 3/16/1736

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

3/8/1714 - 12/14/1788

(Transition)

Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck

7/2/1714 - 11/15/1787

Franz Joseph Haydn

3/31/1732 - 5/31/1809

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1/27/1756 - 12/5/1791

Ludwig van Beethoven

1/1/1770 - 3/26/1827

(Transition)

John Field

1/1/1782 - 1/23/1837

(Transition)

Friedrich Daniel Rudolf Kuhlau

9/11/1786 - 3/12/1832

(Transition)

Franz Peter Schubert

1/31/1797 - 11/19/1828

(Transition)