AP World

Everywhere

First agricultural villages

8000 BCE

First cities

4000 BCE

World War I

1914 - 1918

End of World War II

1945

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1948

Establishment of NATO

1949

Establishment of NAFTA

1993

Establishment of the World Trade Organization

1995

Global Economic Crisis

2008 - 2010

East Asia

Beginning of Chinese dynastic rule

2200 bc

Era of the Warring States in China

480 bc - 221 bc

Han Dynasty

206 bc - 220 ce

Tang Dynasty in China

618 ce - 907 ce

Song Dynasty in China

960 - 1279

Beginning of Mongol conquests

1211

Marco Polo's travels to China

1271 - 1295

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

Ming dynasty

1368 - 1644

Zheng He's voyages in the Indian Ocean

1405 - 1433

Empire of the Songhay

1464 - 1591

Tokugawa Shogunate (Japan)

1603 - 1867

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Opium War in China

1839 - 1842

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Matthew Perry's expedition to Tokyo

1854

Meiji Restoration (Japan)

1868

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Chinese Revolution; end of Chinese dynastic rule

1911 - 1912

May Fourth Movement in China

1919

Japanese invasion of Manchuria

1931

Japanese invasion of China

1937

Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945

Establishment of the People's Republic of China

1949

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Division of Vietnam

1954

Great Leap Forward in China

1958 - 1961

Sino-Soviet Rift

1964

Between People's Republic of China and USSR

Fall of Vietnam

1975

Transfer of Hong Kong to China

1997

Middle East

Beginning of Sumerian dominance in Mesopotamia

3200 BCE

Beginning of regional empires in Mesopotamia

2350 bc

Rule of Hebrew King David

1000 BC - 970 BC

Assyrian conquest of Israel

722 bc

New Babylonian (Chaldean) conquest of Judah

586 bc

Conquest of Achaemenid Empire of Alexander

330 bc

Life of Jesus Christ

4 bc - 29 CE

Life of Muhammad

570 ce - 632 ce

The hijra

622 ce

Abbasid Dynasty

750 - 1258

Founding of the Ottoman dynasty

1289

Life of Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1369

Tanzimet era

1839 - 1876

Young Turk era

1908 - 1918

Establishment of the Republic of Turkey

1923

End of the Ottoman Empire

1923

Creation of Israel

1948

Establishment of OPEC

1960

Arab-Israeli War

1973

Beginning of Arab oil embargo

1973

Iranian Revolution

1979

Iran-Iraq War

1980 - 1988

Gulf War

1990 - 1991

US Coalition-Iraq War

2003

South Asia

Height of Harappan society

2500 BC - 2000 BC

Vedic Age in South Asia

1500 bc - 500 bc

Beginning of Aryan migrations to South Asia

1500 bc

Spread of Buddhism and Hinduism from South Asia

300 bc - 1 bc

Gupta Dynasty

320 ce - 550 ce

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

Mughal Dynasty (India)

1526 - 1858

Sepoy Rebellion

1857

Government of India Act

1935

Partition of India

1947

Europe

Indo-European Migrations

3000 BCE - 1000

Establishment of Greek poleis

800 bc

Establishment of the Roman republic

509 bc

Rule of Alexander of Macedon (the Great)

336 bc - 323 bc

Pax Romana

20 bc - 180

Fall of the western Roman Empire

476 ce

Muslim occupation of Spain

711 - 1492

Schism between the eastern and western Christian churches

1054

Norman invasion of England

1066

First Crusade

1096

Beginnings of bubonic plague in the Mediterranean world

1330 - 1339

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

England vs France

Fall of the eastern Roman Empire

1453

The Reconquest (Spain)

1492

First voyage of Christopher Columbus

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Pope divided world in half for Spain and Portugal

Vasco de Gama's voyage to India

1497 - 1498

Beginning of Protestant Reformation

1517

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Defeat of the Spanish Armada

1588

Beginning of the Romanov dynasty of Russia

1613

Reign of Louis XIV of France

1643 - 1715

Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in England

1750

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Rule of Napoleon Bonaparte

1799 - 1814

End of British slave trade

1807

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Publication of the Communist Manifesto

1848

Abolition of serfdom in Russia

1861

Unification of Italy

1870

Unification of Germany

1871

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

Revolution of 1905 (Russia)

1905

Einstein's theory of relativity

1905

Bolshevik Revolution

1917

Influenza pandemic

1918 - 1919

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

1918

Russian Civil War

1918 - 1920

Treaty of Versailles

1919

Lenin's New Economic Policy

1921 - 1928

First of Stalin's Five Year Plans

1928 - 1932

Hitler's rise to power in Germany

1933

German invasion of Poland

1939

Marshall Plan (US)

1948

Division of Germany

1949

Establishment of the Warsaw Pact

1955

Soviet invasion of Hungary

1956

Construction of the Berlin Wall

1961

Establishment of the European Community

1967

Prague Spring

1968

Fall of the Berlin Wall

1989

Reunification of Germany

1990

Fall of the Soviet Union

1991

The Americas

Beginning of the cultivation of maize in Mesoamerica

4000 BCE

Beginning of agriculture in South America

3000 BCE

Mayan civilization

300 CE - 1100 CE

Founding of Tenochtitlán by the Mexica (Aztecs)

1325

Spanish conquest of Mexico

1519 - 1521

Spanish Conquest of Peru

1532 - 1540

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

American Revolution

1775 - 1781

Haitian Revolution

1793 - 1804

Independence wars in Latin America

1810 - 1825

US Civil War

1861 - 1865

Abolition of slavery in the United States

1865

Establishment of the Dominion of Canada

1867

Abolition of slavery in Brazil

1888

Spanish-American War

1898 - 1899

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

Opening of the Panama Canal

1914

Beginning of the Great Depression

1929

Truman Doctrine

1947

Cuban Revolution

1959

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Beginning of détente

1972

US and USSR

End of Cold War

1991

Terrorist attacks on the United States

2001

Africa

Pyramid Construction in Egypt

2600 BC - 2500 BC

Beginning of Bantu Migrations

2000 bc

Invention of ironworking in sub-Saharan Africa

900 bc

Kingdom of Ghana

1000 - 1200

Swahili cities in East Africa

1000 - 1400

Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

1100 - 1400

Kingdom of Axum

1100 - 1500

Empire of Mali

1200 - 1400

Kingdom of Kongo

1300 - 1600

Beginnings of the Portuguese slave trade in Africa

1441

Rule of Mohammad Ali in Egypt

1805 - 1848

Opening of the Suez Canal

1869

Boer War

1899 - 1902

Establishment of apartheid in South Africa

1948

Suez Crisis

1956

Independence in Ghana

1957

Oceania

Beginning of agriculture in New Guinea

3000 BCE

Austronesian migrations

1500 bc - 700

Beginning of chiefdoms

1200 - 1299

Voyages of Captain James Cook in the Pacific Ocean

1768 - 1780

Founding of the first European colony in Australia

1788