Ancient Civilizations

Maya, Inca, and Aztec

Maya

Maya Evolves to Village-Based Agriculture

1000 bc

Tikal Forms

300 bc - 100

Developed Concept of Zero

36 bc

Developed Community Centers

200

Temples, pyramids, palaces, and more

Pinnacle of Empire

250 - 290

Classic Maya Period

250 - 900

Siyaj Kahk Conquers Uaxactun

378

Ah Cacaw

682 - 734

Temple built at Palenque

683

Built Pyramids in Tikal

700 - 800

Maya Abandon Central Maya Cities

800 - 925

Inca

Inca Tribe Settles in Cusco Region

1150

Maintain Tribal Boundary in Cusco

1200 - 1400

No Expansion

Evolved into “The Inca"

1250 - 1400

Inca Yupanqui Expands Empire

1438 - 1463

Tupac Inca becomes King

1471

Pushes further into Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina

Huayna Capac becomes King

1493

Expands Inca Empire further over next 30 years

Pizzaro Captures Atahualpa, Empire Ends

1532

Aztec

Mexica Begins

1325

Tenochtitlan is Founded

1325

Religious System Emphasized

1398

Human Sacrifice becomes part of Moral Code

Population Greatly Increases

1400

Transition Period

1425

Developed Military, Expanded Tenochtitlan, Formed Alliances

Aztec Alliances Dominate Central America

1428

Ahuitzotl Consecrates Tenochtitlan’s Great Temple

1487

Puts up tens of thousands of Human Sacrifices

King Montezuma II

1502 - 1520

Montezuma II Faces Internal Rebellions

1510

Cortes arrives in Tenochtitlan

1519

Spaniards Leave

1520

Spaniards Fight with Aztec

May 1521

Aztecs Surrender

August 13, 1521