The Troubles

Main

First Home Rule Bill

1886

Second Home Rule Bill

1893

Building of Belfast City Hall

1896 - 1906

Parliament Act

1911

Third veto from House of Lords

Ulster Covenant Signed

1912

Protest against third Home Rule bill.

Agar-Robartes amendment

1912

Proposed exclusion of Antrim, Armagh, Down and Londonderry from Irish Parliament jurisdiction.

Establishment of UVF

1913

Edward Carson and James Craig establish Ulster Volunteer Force in January in attempt to keep violent forces of unionism under control.

Government of Ireland Act (Home Rule Act)

1914

Postponed after start of WW1 and never enacted, replaced by GOI Act 1920 partitioning Ireland.

WW1

1914 - 1918

Easter Rising

1916

Irish War of Independence

1919 - 1921

Government of Ireland Act (partition)

1920

Anglo-Irish Treaty

1921

December 6.

Special Powers Act

1922

Stormont Parliament Building completed

1932

Irish Constitution

1937

WW2

1939 - 1945

Education Act

1947

Grant funded University education.

Ireland Act

1949

No change to state of Northern Ireland without consent of Parliament of Northern Ireland.

Social Services Agreement

1949

Northern Ireland receives same social benefits as rest of UK.

IRA Border Campaign

1956 - 1962

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association formed

1967

Provisional IRA formed

1969

Long March to Derry

1969

Trouble at Burntollet

SDLP formed

1970

3 Scottish Soldiers killed off duty

1971

Internment without trial enacted

1971

Bloody Sunday

1972

January 30, British Paratroopers shot dead 13 people at civil rights march in Derry.

Fall of Stormont

1972

March

Sunningdale Agreement

1973 - 1979

December 9, attempt to establish power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and cross-border Council of Ireland

UWC Strike

1974

PIRA bombing campaign

1974

Bombings in Guildford, Woolwich, the M62 and Birmingham, 28 dead and hundreds injured.

Prevention of Terrorism Act

1974

IRA Ceasefire

1975

Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention

1975 - 1976

Lord Mountbatton assassinated

1979

August 27, additional killing of 18 British soldiers.

Anglo-Irish Agreement

1980 - 1985

Formalised inter-state co-operation in conflict management.

Hunger Strikes

1981

10 Irish republican prisoners die

Brighton Hotel bombed

1984

Enniskillen bombing

1987

Remembrance Day Service in south of Ireland bombed.

Brooke/Mayhew talks begin

1989

PIRA Ceasefire

1994

Omagh Bombing

1998

Real IRA bombed town in County Tyrone in opposition to peace process, 29 killed and thousands wounded.

Good Friday Agreement

1998

April 10.

Unionist

James Craig

1921 - 1940

John M. Andrews

1940 - 1943

Basil Brooke

1943 - 1963

Terence O'Neill

1963 - 1969

James Chichester-Clark

1969 - 1971

Brian Faulkner

1971 - 1972

Paisley founds DUP

1971

Direct Rule

1972 - 2007

March 26 introduced, came to an end at Good Friday agreement but reintroduced for periods afterwards. Ended officially 2007.

David Trimble

1998 - 2002

Ian Paisley

2007 - 2008

Peter Robinson

2008 - 2014

British Government

Herbert Asquith

1908 - 1916

David Lloyd George

1916 - 1922

Winston Churchill

1940 - 1945

Clement Attlee

1945 - 1951

Winston Churchill

1951 - 1955

Anthony Eden

1955 - 1957

Harold Macmillan

1957 - 1963

Alec Douglas-Home

1963 - 1964

Harold Wilson

1964 - 1970

Edward Heath

1970 - 1974

Harold Wilson

1974 - 1976

James Callaghan

1976 - 1979

Margaret Thatcher

1979 - 1990

John Major

1990 - 1997

Tony Blair

1997 - 2007

Nationalist

IRA active

1922 - 1969

Ruairi O Bradaigh President of Sinn Fein

1970 - 1983

Gerry Adams President of Sinn Fein

1983 - 2014