Grand Canal. Legalism
Confucianism returns to the Chinese government, Buddhism becomes a force in China, Tang cities grow
most urban of Chinese dynasties, merchants are valued more than in past, Silk Road traffic increases
Mongol tribes led by Kublai Khan conquered the native Han Chinese Song Dynasty and treated China as a tribute state. The Mongols also brutally crushed cities and regions that tried to rebel against the Mongols and killed tens of millions of Chinese people in the process.
re-create Chinese cultural traditions like Confucianism and Civil Service Exam, China became rich from porcelin trade to Europe in exchange for silver, Ming Navy, great landscape painting
Manchu leaders in China, increased interaction with Europe, Opium Wars, Taiping Rebellion, fall of the empire because of a lack of modernization in China
Mohejno daro and harrappa
Hinduism, Vedas, Caste, Indo-European, Kyber Pass, city-states
Changragupta Maurya, then Ashoka, Buddhism.
Changragupta. Gupta Dynasty re-united India; very strong mathematics accomplishments including inventing the numbers 1-9 and 0. Also important developments in medicine, astronomy and art.
Brought Islam to India, persecuted Hindus, slowly created a synthesis bewteen Islamic and Hindu culture
Jizya. Muslim Conquerers.
People left from the Delhi Sultanate to build. Akbar. Descendants from Ghengis Khan. Rulers Sufi.
England controlled India using alliances with the local Indian regional rulers often referred to as the Raj. English culture become one of the dominant cultures in India adding to the already complex mix of cultures. India and England became interconnected very closely. English social customs and educational system enter India.
united kingdoms along the Nile River, developed papyrus paper, hieroglyphs, Great Pryamids, conquered by Alexander the Great
known as the cultural hearth for sub-Saharan Africa, The Bantu migrated toward the east then the south and carried their language which is one of the roots of Swahili into all of sub-Saharan Africa. They also brought the technology and knowledge necessary to make iron into southern Africa.
rival civilization to Egypt. Located in northern Sudan. Conquered Egypt during what is called the 25th Dynasty. Eventually conquered by Axumites from today's Ethiopia.
Slavery. Gold Trade
probably the oldest civilization, invented first writing, first calendar, first numberical system (base 60), first wheel, and oldest kingdom; first significant monotheism
Laid foundation for Maya. Poly. Cult of Jaguar.
Classical society in Meso America, powerful cultural unifier for the region; built great Pyramids
The Spanish and the Portuguese conquer the Aztec and Inca civilizations during the 1500s. European culture slowly come into the Americas. African slaves introduced to the Americas and cultural diffusion from African and Europe was the result. Disease brought into the Americas by the European killed about 90% of the natives in America, wiped out many cultures and devestated the American civilizations.
Empire 44 A.D.
Made by vikings, then they left