Confucianism returns to the Chinese government, Buddhism becomes a force in China, Tang cities grow
969 - 1279
most urban of Chinese dynasties, merchants are valued more than in past, Silk Road traffic increases
1279 - 1368
Mongol tribes led by Kublai Khan conquered the native Han Chinese Song Dynasty and treated China as a tribute state. The Mongols also brutally crushed cities and regions that tried to rebel against the Mongols and killed tens of millions of Chinese people in the process.
1368 - 1644
re-create Chinese cultural traditions like Confucianism and Civil Service Exam, China became rich from porcelin trade to Europe in exchange for silver, Ming Navy, great landscape painting
1644 - 1909
Manchu leaders in China, increased interaction with Europe, Opium Wars, Taiping Rebellion, fall of the empire because of a lack of modernization in China
Changragupta. Gupta Dynasty re-united India; very strong mathematics accomplishments including inventing the numbers 1-9 and 0. Also important developments in medicine, astronomy and art.
606 - 647
900 - 1250
Brought Islam to India, persecuted Hindus, slowly created a synthesis bewteen Islamic and Hindu culture
1210 - 1256
Jizya. Muslim Conquerers.
1300 - 1921
1526 - 1858
People left from the Delhi Sultanate to build. Akbar. Descendants from Ghengis Khan. Rulers Sufi.
1750 - 1858
England controlled India using alliances with the local Indian regional rulers often referred to as the Raj. English culture become one of the dominant cultures in India adding to the already complex mix of cultures. India and England became interconnected very closely. English social customs and educational system enter India.
2500 bc - 30 BC
united kingdoms along the Nile River, developed papyrus paper, hieroglyphs, Great Pryamids, conquered by Alexander the Great
1500 BC - 500
known as the cultural hearth for sub-Saharan Africa, The Bantu migrated toward the east then the south and carried their language which is one of the roots of Swahili into all of sub-Saharan Africa. They also brought the technology and knowledge necessary to make iron into southern Africa.
700 BC - 300
rival civilization to Egypt. Located in northern Sudan. Conquered Egypt during what is called the 25th Dynasty. Eventually conquered by Axumites from today's Ethiopia.
600 - 1200
1200 - 1450
1450 - 1800
Slavery. Gold Trade
Sumer, Babylon, Assyria, then Babylon Again
4000 BCE - 500 BCE
probably the oldest civilization, invented first writing, first calendar, first numberical system (base 60), first wheel, and oldest kingdom; first significant monotheism
500 BCE - 500
Spread of Islam
622 - 680
680 - 750
750 - 1258
1500 BC - 200
Laid foundation for Maya. Poly. Cult of Jaguar.
200 - 1200
Classical society in Meso America, powerful cultural unifier for the region; built great Pyramids
1300 - 1530
1300 - 1550
1530 - 1815
The Spanish and the Portuguese conquer the Aztec and Inca civilizations during the 1500s. European culture slowly come into the Americas. African slaves introduced to the Americas and cultural diffusion from African and Europe was the result. Disease brought into the Americas by the European killed about 90% of the natives in America, wiped out many cultures and devestated the American civilizations.