History of the Muslim World

Main

Traditional date birth of Muhammad

570

Last Byzantine-Sasanian war

602 - 628

First revelation muhammed

610

Hijra

622

Journey of Muhammad and followers to Mekka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hijra_(Islam)

Abu Bakr becomes caliph

632

Death of Muhammad

632

June 8th in Medina

Muslim army crushes Ridda

633

Campain agains Arabian tribes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ridda_wars

Beginning of Muslim conquests

634

Muslim armies conquer Syria

637

Muslim armies conquer Iraq

638

Muslim armies conquer Egypt

642

Slave murders Umar, Uthman becomes caliph

644

Muslim armies conquer Iran

651

Muslim soldiers murder Uthman, Ali becomes caliph

656

Kharijite murders Ali, Mu'awiya becomes caliph

661

Reign of caliph Abd al-Malik

685 - 705

Makes Arabic official language of the empire, mints coins with Islamic details and builds Dome of the Rock as symbol of Islamic supremacy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dome_of_the_Rock

Muslim armies conquer Central Asia and Sind

705 - 715

Muslim armies conquer Iberian peninsula

711 - 722

Berber revolt in North Africa and Iberia

740

Abbasids overthrow Umayyads

750

Abd al-Rahman establishes the Umayyad amirate of Corboda

756

Death of Ja'far al-Sadiq

762

Al-Mansur founds Bagdad

765

Reign of Charlemagne in Western Europe

768 - 814

Caliphate of al-Ma'um

813 - 833

Creates Bayt al-Hikma and provokes storm of criticism for his attempt to enforce Mu'tazilism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Wisdom

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mu'tazila

Feudalism emerges in Europe

850 - 900

anarchy in Bagdad

860

Provinces become autonomous, Isma'ilis become active in Iran, Iraq and Syria

Acceptance of Shafi's synthesis for jurisprudence

900 - 950

Fatamids declare a caliphate in Ifriqiya

909

Abd al-Rahman 3rd declares caliphate of Cordoba

929

Abbasid caliph cedes power to Turkish general

936

Imami 12th Imam goed into Greater Consealment

941

See 874

Buyids seize power in Baghdad

945

Fatimids conquer Egypt

969

Reign of Mahmud of Ghazna

998 - 1030

Career of Ibn Sina

1000 - 1037

Norman conquest of port cities Infriqiya

1034 - 1060

Almoravid Empire

1050 - 1147

Norman conquest of Muslim Sicily

1060 - 1091

Norman conquest of England

1066

Toledo falls to Reconquista

1085

Career of al-Ghazali

1085 - 1111

Cival war begins among Great Saljuqs

1092

Musta'li-Nizari shism among Fatamids

1094

"Assassins" become notorious

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassins

First Crusade conquers Jerusalem

1099

Edessa falls, first Crusader state to do so

1144

Career of Ibn Rushd

1160 - 1198

Emergence of Sufi lodges

1170

Saladin takes power in Cairo, ends Fatimid caliphate

1171

Caliphate of al-Nasir

1180 - 1225

Attempts a renaissance of Abbasid power

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Nasir

Third Crusade

1189 - 1193

Career of Ibd al-`Arabi

1200 - 1240

Emergence of Sufi tariqas

1200

Fourth Crusade

1204

Results in sack of Constantinople and creation of Latin Kingdom

Magna Carta issued in England

1215