US would not get involved in European internal and colonies' affairs, and all European attempts to colonize America (North and South) would be considered aggressions.
1904: Roosevelt Corollary
Added by Theodore Roosevelt to Monroe Doctrine. Said that US could intervene in Latin American countries if one was involved in "flagrant and chronic wrongdoing"
1917: Interception of the Zimmerman Telegram
February. The Telegram was a German attempt to seek alliance with Mexico in case the US entered WWI
April: US enter WWI
1918: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Peace between Russia and Central Powers, ended Russian participation in WWI
1918: Wilson's 14 Points
US war aims: free trade, open agreements, democracy and self-determination in Europe, economic globalization and free navigation at sea. Also re-organization of territories.
1924: Dawes Plan
The US would lend money to Germany to pay reparations to Europe that would then be able to pay their war debt payments to the US.
1928: Kellogg-Briand Pact
War may not be used to solve problems between the 65 signatory states.
1929: Great Depression
1930: Smoot Hawley Tariff Act
US rose tariffs on imported goods. Counterproductive, reduced exports/imports.
1930: Young Plan
reduced German reparations
1931: Stimson Doctrine
No recognition of land taken by force (initially addressed to Japan and China)
1933: American Recognition of the USSR
1933: Good Neighbor Policy
Non-intervention in Latin American domestic affairs.US hoped it would bring more trade agreements and US influence with them.
1935-39: Neutrality Acts
1935 - 1939
To ensure US would not have to get involved in another war like WWI.
1939-46: Manhattan Project
1939 - 1946
Research and development of atomic bomb.
1939: Cash and Carry
US would sell goods and arms to Europe if they arranged the transportation and pre-payed.
1941: Atlantic Charter
First issued by Churchill + FDR. Definition of Allies' post-war goals: states should chose their own governments (except for the colonies); self-determination.
1941: Lend-Lease Act
US would supply Allies during WWII but expected the money back eventually. (American industry throve)
1941 US enter WWII after Pearl Harbor
1944: Bretton Woods Conference
All currencies pegged to the dollar and creation of IMF and World Bank
1945: Hiroshima and Nagasaki
February 1945: Yalta Conference
FDR, Churchill, Stalin: post-war re-organization of Europe, re-establishment of nations. Very controversial during Cold War.
April 1945: meeting between Churchill, Molotov, Truman
Molotov was chastised for violating Yalta accords (Russia occupied Poland and many parts of Central and East Europe).
August 1945: Potsdam Conference
Decisions on post-war order, peace treaties, punishment of Nazi Germany and effects of war.
1945: UN founded
1947: creation of GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade(later became WTO). Purpose: reduce tariffs and some trade barriers to everyone's advantage.
1947: National Security Act
Restructuring of US military and intelligence agencies. Creation of the CIA
1947: Truman Doctrine
Support of Greece and Turkey to keep them out of Soviet sphere. It began a policy of containment after an era of détente.
1948-52: Marshall Plan
1948 - 1952
"rescue" of post-WWII Europe: economic support to rebuild and modernize.
1948-49: Berlin blockade and airlift
06/24/1948 - 12/05/1949
USSR's attempt to block Allies' access to their parts of Berlin, but the Allies supplied city by air so USSR gave up.
1949: creation of NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization: collective defence agreement between North America and many European countries.
1950-53: Korean War
1950 - 1953
National Security Council Report 68: statements of American poicy in Cold War. Helping allies and harming enemies' capacities.
1954-75: Vietnam War
1954 - 1975
1956: Suez Crisis
Nasser began to nationalize Canal and would not let US and GB fund building of Aswan Dam. Israel attecked Egypt and France+GB bombed Cairo (some say it was planned by the 3 powers). 1957: Canal reopened.
1961: Bay of Pigs Invasion
CIA failure to invade Cuba and overthrow Castro.
1962: Cuban Missile Crisis
Khrushchev placed Soviet missiles in Cuba because US had some in Turkey and Italy (aimed at Moscow). US blockade of area. Agreements and Removal of missiles by USSR.
1969: Nixon Doctrine
US would still assist Allies and others in development and in moments of need but would not undertake all of the defense.