AP US History

Main

Portuguese start voyages down the west coast of Africa

1430

Columbus arrives in the Western Hemisphere

1492

Protestant Reformation

1509 - 1547

Henry VII rules England
Protestant Reformation begins in England

Reign of Queen Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Ireland conquered by England

Jamestown Founded

1607

disease, famine, attacs by Natives

"Starving Time" in Jamestown

1609

Tobacco made cash crop by John Rolfe

1612

House of Burgesses meet in Virginia

1619

-first legislative assembly in the American colonies
-Only white men who owned a specific amount of property were eligible to vote for Burgesses
First group of blacks brought to Virginia

First Pilgrims in Plymouth

1620

Mayflower Compact signed on the way there

Indian attacks in Virginia end hopes of becoming a bi-racial society

1622

Great Puritan migration to Massachusetts Bay

1629

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

High taxes, low prices for tobacco, and resentment against special privileges given those close to the governor, Sir William Berkeley

Glorious Revolution

1688

Great Awakening

1739 - 1744

tried to make people more religious

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

-between France and England for control over the Ohio River Valley
-GB wanted to tax colonists to pay for the war

Pontiac's Rebellion

1763 - 1764

wanted British out of former French territories

Proclamation Line established

1763

colonists cannot pass the Adirondacks

Sugar Act and Stamp Act Controversies

1764 - 1765

Quartering Act- colonists need to take British soldiers into their homes

Declaratory Act

1766

Townshend Act

1767

New York Assembly suspended

Boston Massacre

1770

propaganda against the British

Committees of Correspondence formed

1772

Boston Tea Party

1773

Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)

1774

First Continental Congress convenes

Revolution begins

1775

Lexington and Concord

Declaration of Independence

1776

British defeated at Saratoga

1777

French join the war against the British

1778

Articles of Confederation ratified

1781

Treaty of Paris

1783

Northwest Ordinance of 1784, 1785, and 1787

1784 - 1787

How territories can become states

Shay's Rebellion

1787

Constitution Ratified

1788

French Revolution begins

1789

GW becomes first president

Capital placed on the Potomac River

1790

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Jay Treaty, Pinckney Treaty

1795

Alien and Seditions, Virginia and Kentuky Resolutions

1798

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Jefferson's Presidency
-from Napoleon because of France's financial difficulties
-doubled the size of the US

Trade Embargo

1807 - 1809

restricted trade with Britain and France
hurt US more than Britain and France

Slave trade ends

1808

South continues to grow dependent on slaves

Non-Intercourse Act

1809

prohibited trade with Britain or France

War of 1812

1812

war between GB and US
causes:
-Impressment of US sailors
-British supported Indian raids
Jackson becomes a war hero

Treaty of Ghent (Belgium)

1814

-all conquered territory was to be returned, and commissions were planned to settle the boundary of the United States and Canada.

Missouri Compromise

1820

States below Missouri would be allowed to have their slaves, states about could not... new states also could not

Monroe Doctrine

1823

Keep out of Western Hemisphere
-lacks enforcement measures

Nullification crisis

1832

Whig Party formed

1834

Leader= Henry Clay (why isn't he dead yet)
againt Jacksonian Democrats

Texas Revolution, Republic of Texas established

1835

Mexican war

1846 - 1848

Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo

1848

ends Mexican War
US receives California, and the New Mexico territory (Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado)

Gold discovered in California

1849

California admitted to the union

1850

Compromise of 1850
-Fugitive Slave Law strengthened

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854

Republican Party Formed

Bloody Kansas

1856

Senator Sumner attacked in the Senate

John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry

1859

South secedes from the Union

1860

Democratic party splits

Confederate States of America is formed

1861

Upper south secedes
Civil war starts at Fort Sumter
north defeated at battle of bull run

Emancipation Proclamation

1862

Battle of Antietam
Homestead Act

Sherman's "march to the sea"

1864

Sherman takes Atlanta

End of Civil War

1865

Sherman takes S+N Carolina
Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House
13th amendment abolishes slavery
Lincoln assassinated
Andrew Johnson becomes President
KKK formed

Reconstruction Act

1867

Radical reconstruction
Alaska purchased

14th Amendment guarantees Civil Rights

1868

Johnson impeached

15th Amendment: forbids denial of voting on racial grounds

1870

Munn v Illinois

1877

Court rules states may regulate warehouse rates

Nation divided into four time zones

1883

because of railroads

Haymarket Riots

1886

Interstate Commerce Commission

1887

Sherman Anti-Trust Act, Silver Purchase Act

1890

Massacre at Wounded Knee

Repeal of Sherman Silver Purchase Act

1893

Pollock v Farmers

1895

Court strikes down income tax

Peace with Spain

1899

US receives Philippines, Samoa, Guam, and Puerto Rico

Gold Standard

1900

Panama Canal built

1904 - 1914

Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine

1904

enforces the Monroe Doctrine: US will fight against those who invade the Western Hemisphere

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906

"The Jungle"

Seventeenth Amendment providing for direct elections of Senators ratified

1913

Sixteen Amendment: authorizing income tax ratified

1913

Federal Reserve System begun
Wilson broadens segregation in civil service

Lusitania sunk, US intervenes

1915

KKK revived

Germany issues Sussex pledge

1916

Russian Revolution

1917

U.S. enters WW1

Treaty of Versailles

1918

Red Scare

1919

Eighteenth Amendment prohibits alcoholic beverages

1919

Nineteenth Amendment gives women the right to vote

1920

First radio station KDKA in Pittsburgh

Revenue Act slashes income tax on wealthy and corporations

1924

Stock market crashes

1929

Twenty-first Amendment repeals prohibition

1933

"Hundred Days"

1933

NRA
AAA
FDIC
TVA
FERA
CCC

Twentieth Amendment changes inauguration day to January

1933

Hitler comes to power in Germany

1933

Gold standard terminated

1934

SEC

US begins neutrality legislation

1935

Social Security Act, WP, NLRA
CIO formed

FDR attempts to pack Supreme Court

1937

Japan invades China

Hitler takes Austria, Munich Agreement

1938

United States Housing Authority
Fair labor Standards Act

Roosevelt makes destroyers-for-bases deal with the British

1940

Fall of France

Lend-Lease, Battle of Britain, Hitler attacks USSR

1941

Atlantic Charter
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

U. S. interns Japanese

1942

Allied year of disaster
U. S. halts Japanese at Coral Sea and Midway

Tide turns against Axis

1943

Russia wins at Stalingrad, unconditional surrender demanded
Italy invaded

more WW2

1944

France invaded
Bombing of Japan begins
Russia sweeps through Eastern Europe
Philippines liberated

End of WWII

1945

Yalta Conference
FDR dies
Germany surrenders
Atom bombs

US - USSR relations worsen

1946

"Iron Curtain" speech

Truman Doctrine

1947

United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces

Cold War begins

1947

Marshall Plan
Containment

NATO

1949

Russia explodes the bomb
Communists control China

Military integrated

1949

Korean War

1950

Joseph McCarthy- "McCarthyism"

Twenty-second Amendment limits the President to two terms

1951

Vietnam divided

1954

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

Supreme Court strikes down "separate but equal."

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

emergence of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Civil Rights and Cold War

1957

Sputnik
Eisenhower Doctrine
Little rock Crisis
Civil Rights Act
Eisenhower Doctrine
Little rock Crisis
Civil Rights Act

Space Race

1958

First U. S. satellite and ICBM
NASA

Soviet and Chinese split

1960

non-violent protests against segregation

Twenty-third Amendment gives DC the right to vote for President

1961

Freedom riders in Alabama
Berlin crisis
Peace Corps
Bay of Pigs
16,000 in Vietnam

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

University of Mississippi integrated

Civil Rights march on Washington

1963

JFK assassinated

Twenty-fourth Amendment outlaws the poll tax

1964

Free speech movement at Berkeley
Beatles
War on poverty
Gulf of Tonkin

Great Society

1965

Operation Rolling Thunder in Vietnam
Malcolm X assassinated

Peace movement in the US

1967

Detroit Riot

LBJ won't seek re-election

1968

Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther Kin assassinated
Tet Offensive
Richard Nixon elected President

Vietnamization

1969

First man on the moon
Nixon proposed New Federalism

SALT talks begin

1970

Massacre at Kent State
EPA established
Cambodian invasion creates anti-war turbulence

Nixon opens trade with China

1971

Wage-price controls
My Lai massacre revealed
Pentagon Papers published

Nixon re-elected

1972

Intensive bombing of North Vietnam
Watergate
GNP over 1 trillion

Nixon resigns, Ford's pardon

1974

Watergate tapes
Serious inflation and recession

Human rights

1977

U. S. recognizes china

1979

SALT 2 completed
American Embassy in Iran occupied
USSR invaded Afghanistan

U. S. boycotts Olympics

1980

withdraws from SALT 2
Reagan elected President

Reagan proposes Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

1983

239 U.S. Marines die in Beirut terrorist attack
U.S. Invasion of Grenada

Wars

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Treaty of Paris

Northwest Indian War

1785 - 1793

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Treaty of Ghent
United States retained its independence
Defeat of Tecumseh's Indian Confederation

Mexican-American War

1846 - 1848

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexican Cession
Mexican recognition of Texas (among other territories) as independent
End of conflict between Mexico and Texas

American Civil War

1861 - 1865

Trent Affair temporarily increases tensions between the United States and Britain
Slavery abolished
Territorial integrity preserved
Lincoln assassinated five days after Lee's surrender
Dissolution of the Confederacy
Beginning of the Reconstruction Era

Spanish–American War

1898

Treaty of Paris
Protectorate over Cuba
Collapse of the Spanish Empire

World War I

1914 - 1918

US only joined in 1917
End of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires
Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East
Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers
Establishment of the League of Nations

World War II

1939 - 1945

US joined in 1941
Collapse of the Third Reich
Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires
Creation of the United Nations
Emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers
Beginning of the Cold War

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Korean War

1950 - 1953

North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled
UN invasion of North Korea repelled
Chinese-North Korean-Soviet invasion of South Korea repelled
Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border.

Vietnam War

1953 - 1975

North Vietnamese victory over South Vietnam.
Withdrawal of American forces from Indochina.
Dissolution of the Republic of Vietnam.
Communist government takes power in South Vietnam.
South Vietnam is annexed by North Vietnam.

Eras

Colonization and Settlement

1585 - 1763

The New Nation

1783 - 1815

National Expansion and Reform

1815 - 1860

Civil War and Reconstruction

1861 - 1877

Industrial America

1877 - 1900

Progressive Era to New Era

1900 - 1929

Great Depression and WWII

1929 - 1945

1945 to the Present

1945 - Present

Presidents

George Washington

1789 - 1797

not affiliated with any particular party

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Federalist

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Democratic- Republican

James Madison

1809 - 1817

Democratic Republican

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

Democratic-Republican

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Democratic Republican

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

Democratic

Martin Van Buren

1837 - 1841

Democratic

William Henry Harrison

1841

Whig

John Tyler

1841 - 1845

Whig

James K. Polk

1845 - 1849

Democratic

Franklin Pierce

1853 - 1857

Democratic

James Buchanan

1857 - 1861

Democratic

Andrew Johnson

1865 - 1868

Democratic

Grover Cleveland

1885 - 1889

Democratic

Grover Cleveland

1893 - 1897

Democratic

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Democratic

Frankiln D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Democratic

Harry S, Truman

1945 - 1953

Democratic