Creation of the Internet

Main

Internet

1960

Internet Created

ARPA

1969

ARPA ( Advanced Research Projects Agency)goes online in December, connecting four major U.S. universities. Designed for research, education, and government organizations, it provides a communications network linking the country in the event that a military attack destroys conventional communications systems.

Email Discovereed

1972

Electronic mail introduced by Ray Tomlinson. He uses the @ to distinguish between the sender's name and the network name in the email address.

Transmission Control Protocol

1973

Transmission Control Protocol ( TCP ) designed. The standard for communicating between computers over the Internet. One of these protocols, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), allows users to log onto a remote computer, list the files on that computer, and download files from that computer.

Campaign Events

1976

Presidential candidate Jimmy Carter and running mate Walter Mondale use email to plan campaign events.
Queen Elizabeth sends her first email.

Internet

1982

The word ' Internet ' was used for the first time.

DNS

1984

Network Addresses were identified by extensions such as .com,.org and .edu.Writer William coins the term 'cyberspace'.

Quantum Computer Services

1985

Quantum Computer Services, which later changes its name to America Online, debuts. It offers email, electronic bulletin boards, news, and other information.

Virus

1988

A virus called the Internet Worm temporarily shuts down about 10% of the world's Internet servers.