Top Ten Timeline-1.7

Main

Treaty of Ghent

February 18, 1815

The Treaty of Ghent was signed in Ghent Belgium, on December 24th, 1814. Great Britain and the United States formed this treaty in an attempt to end the War of 1812. A discussion on the subject of a peace agreement occurred the previous year encouraging the bunch to meet in Europe to work out the details. The group drafted a treaty of 15 initial points. The British only agreed to nine of those, but then two more were added. The final 11 assets became known as the Treaty of Ghent. War prisoners were to be returned to their home countries. Hostile actions towards the First Nations were to be terminated and Britain was not to arm the Aboriginals for attacks against the US. The Treaty of Ghent was not officially put into effect until it was ratified by the U.S. Senate unanimously on February 18, 1815. Overall I chose this as an event for the timeline due to the impact the treaty had on the war and the problems it resolved. After the Treaty of Ghent was put into action, the war of 1812 ended and American-held areas of Upper Canada were returned to British control. The war had created conflict between Canada and the US and the end of it resolved a lot of them for the time being.

http://www.eighteentwelve.ca/?q=eng/Topic/55
Rate: 4
I rate this site a 4 as it was very helpful and provided information that was easy to understand. I believe it was a reliable site as it not only has no advertisements on the page but also has links at the bottom on the page to other helpful sites.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Ghent
Rate: 2
I would rate Wikipedia in general a 2 as I always find information on the site though it is sometimes very limited. I wouldn’t trust Wiki as a completely reliable site as it not only has advertisement littering the screen but it also a site that I have been told many times throughout high school of its reliability.

Rebellions take place in Upper and Lower Canada

December 7, 1837 - December 4, 1838

When insurgents mounted rebellions in 1837, Upper and Lower Canada were thrown into chaos. The rebellion in Lower Canada was the more violent of the two. It was led by Louis Joseph Papineau, as well as his Patriots, and more moderate French Canadian nationalists. Two rebellions took place in Lower Canada the first in November of 1837, and the second in November 1838. Both rebellions were organized in a poor fashion and failed. The defeat of the disorganized rebels was followed by Anglophone looting and the burning of many French Canadian settlements. The two rebellions left 298 rebels dead, and 27 British soldiers. William Lyon Mackenzie led the rebellion in Upper Canada. It was far less extravagant and deadly. In 1837 William convinced his most radical followers to attempt to take control of the government and declare the colony a republic. After failing miserably Mackenzie fled to the US only to come back again and fail again. The rebellion managed to get an insignificant three men dead and Mackenzie exiled. I chose the rebellions of 1837 for my time line because the events of theses rebellions inspired the Durham Report, which led to the union of the two colonies and the arrival of responsible government. The union was a very critical event on the road to Canadian nationhood.

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/rebellions-of-1837/
Rate: 5
I believe this site was a good source of information it was efficient and easy to understand. When looking for a reliable source i would consider this a 5 as it had no ads littering the screen, and provides information such as the published and recent editing dates.

Colony of British Columbia is created

August 2, 1858

On August 2nd, 1858, British Columbia was officially proclaimed a Colony. The position of governor was offered to James Douglas, who was also serving as governor of the Crown Colony of Vancouver Island at the time. British Columbia was a crown colony from 1858-1866. There were three major factors in the final decision to proclaim British Columbia as a Colony. Throughout the 19th century there was conflict between the British Government and the American Government as a result of territorial claims in the Pacific Northwest. Both the Britain’s and the Americans were trying to strengthen their claims to land through economic development and settlement. After the British Government discovered gold in the lower main land they became concerned with the large population of American miners in the area, and they worried it would lead to the American Government taking the land and combining it with Oregon territory. Not only did the British Government want to ensure their land remained in their hands but also the wanted the security of protected gold resources on the land. Finally the government wanted to keep the peace between Aboriginal people and the miners. Miners from Oregon territory began entering Aboriginal land during the gold rush, increasing the conflict between the aboriginals who believed the land and its resources belonged to them. The British Government believed they needed to create a British Colony that had the power and authority to defend Aboriginal rights. Canada was proclaimed an independent establishment and then considered secure.

http://www.cowichanvalleycitizen.com/living/first-b-c-government-proclaimed-155-years-ago-at-langley-1.706086
Rate: 2
In general I give this site a rate of 2 for reliability as it is filled ads, has links to irrelevant sites, and the url ends in com which is an abbreviation for commercial.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fraser_Canyon_War
Rate: 2
I would rate Wikipedia in general a 2 as I always find information on the site though it is sometimes very limited. I wouldn't trust Wiki as a completely reliable site as it not only has advertisement littering the screen but it also a site that I have been told many times throughout high school of its poor reliability.

Caribou Cold Rush

1860

The Cariboo Gold Rush took place between 1860 and 1863. A multitude of miners arrived in the Cariboo region of South-central British Columbia were they found large gold deposits in the creeks that fed Fraser River. In early 1860’s Governor James Douglas came to the realization that a profitable gold mining operation was taking place in the Cariboo without him knowing. The the colony wasn’t gaining any revenue due to the fact that all of the gold removed from British Columbia was taxable. Once this realization occurred, Governor Douglas Made the decision to build a road that led directly to the goldfields. His reasons being so that he could ensure that the gold t=would only leave the region via the Fraser and not through U.S territory. The roadway would also promote settlement as well as encourage economic development. By mid- 1860’s the gold was running out and people started to leave the Cariboo region. The rapid fall in population and revenue took a toile on both Vancouver Island and British Columbia. The Cariboo Gold Rush made a large impact it had on British Columbia’s Economy at the time. There were great shifts in population that took place in both British Columbia and Vancouver Island both affecting the colonies positively and then negatively. For this reason I chose to put the Cariboo Gold Rush on my timeline.

Horizons Canada Moves West by Michael Cranny, Graham Jarvis, Garvin Moles, and Bruce Seney
Rate: 5
I believe this textbook is reliable and gave it a rating of 5 as it is the book that most of socials is taught from throughout grade ten curriculum and would hope that it would be an accurate source of information.

https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTAVs2yzl_dCtlgGz2fmh0iMJ7Tve6cNkK2--R2jFMghJLJcxQt6A

Smallpox epidemic among Native People

1862

In the year 1862 tragedy struck the Native community as an outbreak of smallpox began outside of Victoria and spread to other parts of the Colony. Smallpox was a horrific disease in Europe that often infected settlers and miners. It is a very serious illness caused by a virus called the variola. Smallpox gets its name from the pus-filled blisters that form during the illness. It is transmitted through the air by droplets of the virus that escape when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. For Native American, it was almost always fatal due to the fact that they had never been exposed to it before and had not immunity to it. Smallpox was responsible for more than 70 percent of all aboriginal’s deaths. After the outbreak of the disease in Victoria the authority’s has destroyed the native’s homes and forced them to vacate from Victoria. As the virus infested people traveled up the coast more natives were infected. The effect was devastating and soon whole villages began to die. With no one left to perform brutal rights, corpses rotted in the abandoned villages. It is estimated that more than 60 000 people were killed. Greedy European traders and prospectors compounded the tragedy and collected the victim’s belongings, selling them to other native communities. The smallpox virus can live more than six months in contaminated clothing. More aboriginal people were infected and died of the disease in 1863.I chose to put this event on my timeline due to the fact that more than 80 percent of the Haida tribes died that summer. Villages that had been around for thousands of years were soon ghost towns. It was a devastating occurrence that made a huge impact on the native community at the time.

Horizons Canada Moves West by Michael Cranny, Graham Jarvis, Garvin Moles, and Bruce Seney
Rate: 5
I believe this textbook is reliable and gave it a rating of 5 as it is the book that most of socials is taught from throughout grade ten curriculum and would hope that it would be an accurate source of information.

Canada Becomes a Dominion

July 1, 1867

In 1866 representatives of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Canadians came together in London for final discussions with the Colonial Office. This London Conference that took place led directly to the most important statute in Canadian constitutional history. That act that led to the proclamation of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Province of Canada (later known as Ontario and Quebec), as the Dominion of Canada on July 1st, 1867. John A. McDonald was Canada’s first Prime Minister. The Constitution Act gave Canada a considerable amount of independence from England, although complete independence was not given until 1982. The British North America Act was put into action with the intention of balancing the forces that were causing conflicts within the old Province of Canada with forces that push all the provinces together. The parliament was allowed to assume any powers that were not explicitly assigned, as well as had the power to act for "peace, order and good government." Giving the provinces secure power over some areas. This event was an important time in Canadian history for it was the day Canada was officially known as an independent country.

http://www.canadiana.ca/citm/themes/constitution/constitution13_e.html
Rate: 4
I gave this site a rating of 4 due to its interesting and large verity of information. It provided links to other site that are of similar topics, teacher resources and had no advertisements on its page.

First airplane Flight in Canada

February 23 1909

Engineer J.A.D McCurdy piloted the first powered airplane on February 23rd, 1909 thus making Canadian history. The plane was given the title the Silver Dart, and was built by a group of like-mind aviation enthusiasts called the Aerial Experiment Association. The flight took place on the frozen Bra’s D’Or Lake on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia. McCurdy took off and piloted the plane for an approximation of a half kilometer along the shoreline before making a smooth landing. The A.E.A came together in October of 1907 on the suggestion of Mrs. Mable Bell who paid for most of the company’s expenses. Alexander Graham Bell took charge and with the help of four young men. McCurdy had called the machine Silver for the coating on its wings and Dart” just because it seemed obvious. An expectant crowd had formed to see what Alexander Bell was up too. The spectators gawked as the Silver Dart had taken off gracefully into the air. It was the no one had ever seen anything like it, not only in Canada, but anywhere in the British Empire. Alexander Bell was already world famous for his invention of the telephone but this put him off the charts. I viewed this as an important event in Canadian history due to the fact that aviation is an integral part of the Canadian economy. It was a big step for Canada and its development, as planes are now a huge transportation device used for not only trade but also travel. General aviation provides medical evacuation and support for resource development.

http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM2MRR_First_Airplane_Flight_in_Canada
Rate: 3
I rated this site a 3 as it was a good site though the information was limited. There were no distracting ads and there was a publishing date that allowed me to know how long the material had been online.

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/silver-dart-dawn-of-flight-in-canada-feature/
Rate: 5
I would consider this a 5 as it had no ads littering the screen, its information was efficient but plentiful and it provides information such as the published and recent editing dates.

Titanic Sinks

April 15, 1912

The RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean at 2:20 am on April 15th, 1912 after colliding with an iceberg. The Titanic sank 400 miles south off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada and lies approximately 2.2 miles below the surface of the North Atlantic Ocean. The massive ship, had carried 2,200 passengers and crew. It was designed by an Irish shipbuilder named William Pirrie in Belfast, and at the time was thought to be the world's fastest ship. It was 883 feet long from stern to bow, and was divided into 16 compartments. It was said that if four of these compartments flooded it wouldn’t cause any critical loss of buoyancy thus proclaiming the Titanic Unsinkable. Just before midnight on April 14, the Titanic failed to avoid an iceberg that had ruptured at least five of its hull compartments. The ship broke in two as she sank, and the stern and bow of the wreck now lie 1,970 feet apart. There were not enough lifeboats and little to no emergency procedures which all equated to about 1500 people going down with the ship and freezing to death. I chose this event for my time line due to the fact that I believe it was a very tragic event that took place were many people died. In 1913 the first Safety of Life at Sea Convention was convened and global shipping standards were set thus greatly improving the safety of those who embark on the sea.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/titanic-sinks
Rate: 3
I gave this site a rating of 3 for reliability because although the site does have ads, it has a large verity of information and is a part of a successful TV channel.

400 870 immigrants come to Canada

1913

In 1913 Canada was accepting large amounts of immigrants to enter the country. The immigrant population sky rocketed to 400, 870 immigrants being and at the time the highest population of immigrants to ever come to Canada. It is actually still is the highest immigration population that Canada has ever received. Immigration has always been important to Canada as we are a very multicultural community. The Fraser Valley gold rush in 1858 brought many Chinese and Americans to Canada though it was a very big event our population was still not very large. Canada’s first Immigration Act passed in 1869, thus setting an open-door policy. This meant that there were very few limits on who could immigrate to Canada. Canada opened immigration offices in Britain and in Europe to better help people with the process of immigration. In the years, 1867 – 1914 more than 3.5 million immigrants came to Canada, though most arrived after 1900. By 1914 almost half of all Canadians were either immigrants or the children of immigrants. The increase of these immigrants produced many problems for the Métis and First Nations peoples. Immigrants were promised land that Native American people had lived on for generations. A large amount of immigrant left their community because conditions in their own countries made it hard to stay there. All in all I chose this event for my timeline because immigration has always been important to Canada. We have always been a very multicultural society and this being the largest amount of immigrants to ever arrive in Canada throughout all of our history is a rather significant occasion.

http://www.ece.gov.nt.ca/files/K-12/Curriculum/social-studies/Gr5/canada-country-of-change/Grade-6_Canada_Ch5.pdf
Rate: 3.5
I found that there was a large verity of information on this regarding this topic but at times was very difficult to find. I gave it a rating of 3.5 because I found no other issues or signs of it being an unreliable site it seemed almost as if it were a textbook.

World War 1

July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918

The First World War commenced August 1914, as a result of the murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914. The event of the assassination led to a series of disturbances that in turned created the conflict between countries. The Serbian extremist group instigated the assassination due to a desire to increase Serbian dominance in Balkans by producing turbulence in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In turn the Austro-Hungarian Empire traced the killing to the Serbian and attacked. Countries in Europe divided and fought against one another. Germany sided with the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Russia stuck with it original alliance with the Serbian. As defence against Russia’s large and powerful military forces Germany Invaded France, as they are Russia’s main ally. They seized Belgium first as it was a country that had been a neutral party for nearly one hundred years. As a result of these alliances it was likely that if one country went to war, others would follow suite. As it turned out Britain got involved as per their obligations as a yet another neutral party to assist Belgian. In turn on August 4th, 1914 war was declared and Canada was sucked into the whole mess through its duty as an official member of the British Empire.

http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/how-war-start-e.aspx
Rate: 5
This site was very easy to understand. It had no advertisements, stuck to its topic, and provided photos and other interesting links that were all related to the First World War.