1914 to present

Nationalism, Wars, and Rebellions: End of Colonialism

N America

LA

Mexican Revolution

1911 - 1920

Caribbean

Cuban revolution

1959

Communist thought popularized in Cuba, Fidel Castro seizes power

N Africa

French-Algerian War

1954 - 1962

Fanon proponent of violent rebellion, violence level 9

W Africa

Kwame Nkrumah - Ghana

1957

Prime minister, negotiated treaty with Britain, violence level 3

E Africa

Abyssinian War (Italy v. Ethiopia)

1935 - 1936

Italy prevails temporarily

C Africa

Congo Uprisings

1900 - 1908

Kikuyu (Kenya ethnic group) rebellions

1947 - 1952

Violent campaigns against Europeans and traitorous Africans. Due to mistreatment in land policies, reducing natives to wage slaves/reserves.

British anti-colonial suppression (Kenya)

1952 - 1956

British crush all rebellions, but resistance still occurs

Sudanese Civil War

1956 - 1972

Kenya Independence

1963

S Africa

Struggle v. Aparthied

1912 - 1994

Black S Africans struggle vs. white S Africans for political power

African National Congress

1912

Western-educated natives create group to defend interest of Africans

Nelson Mandela - 1st native S African president

1994

Mid East

Allies support Zionist movement

1919

At Paris Peace conference, Allies support Jewish migrations to Palestine, but realize they must seize land from current inhabitants

+ Zionist migrations

1940 - 1945

Due to Holocaust in Europe, many Jews flee to Palestine, causing conflicts with Arabs

Israel created

1948

UN General assembly rules Israel a country

Nehru - Egypt

1952 - 1954

Nehru overthrows monarchy, creates independent, nonaligned state. Abolished British military rights to Suez Canal 1954.

Suez Crisis

1956

Nasser nationalizes Suez Canal. Britain + others try to seize canal from him, hurting diplomatic relations. US and USSR unpleased, Nasser gains prestige

C Asia

Afghanistan (Soviets and Afghans)

1980 - 1989

Iran-Iraq War

1980 - 1988

S Asia

Ghandi - Indian independence

1947

Non-violent rebellion led to peaceful reclaiming of territory

Pakistan Creation

1948

Pakistan created as Muslim territory

E Asia

Chinese Civil War

1927 - 1937

Civil War #1, communists v. nationalists, nationalists prevail (for now)

French Indo-China

1945 - 1954

Chinese Civil War

1945 - 1949

Civil War #2, Communists, led by Mao Zedong, prevail over weakened nationalists

Korean War

1950 - 1953

SE Asia

Vietnamese Rebellion

1945 - 1954

Ho Chi Minh, Vo Nguyen Giap lead violent revolt against French, violence level 10, N Vietnam becomes communist

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Oceania

W Europe

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1939

E Europe

Armenian Genocide

1914 - 1918

East Pakistan Massacres

1971

Russia

Russian Civil War

1918 - 1921

Lenin

1921 - 1924

Founder of Soviet Union

Stalin

1924 - 1953

Stalin heads USSR

Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

Gorbachev rule, reforms, perestroika, disbanded December 25, 1991 at Gorbachev's resignation

World

WWI

1914 - 1918

WWII

1937 - 1945