The Civil Right's Era: Freedom In The Making


Brown Vs. Topeka Board of Education Decision

May 17, 1954

An African American girl was denied her admission to an all white school that was closer than her all black school 21 blocks away. The case struck down segregation in schools cause it was an unconstitutional violation of the 14th Amendment.

Rosa Parks Arrested

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks sat down in the "White's Only" row and was ordered to move because a white man needed to sit. She refused and was then arrested for refusing to move.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5, 1955

After Rosa Parks arrest, Martin Luther King Jr. made a speech saying enough was enough. For 381 days straight, no African Americans road any buses in Montgomery, instead walking or carpooling.

Arkansas Nine (Integrate Little Rock Schools)

September 1957

9 African American students volunteered to integrate Central High-school, because the Brown Vs. Topeka Board of Education decision. They were constantly harassed by white students.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961

CORE members tried to test the Supreme Court's decision on integrating the bus routes and facilities. A mob of whites attacked the bus, but another group of freedom riders continued the fight for integration.

University of Mississippi Integrated

September 30, 1962

James Meredith won a federal case allowing him to go to an all white university. A riot broke out on campus where soldiers had to stop the riot, and officials had to escort Meredith to classes until he graduated.

"I Have A Dream" Speech/ March On Washington

August 28, 1963

A speech Martin Luther King Jr. gave to 250,000 people at the Nation's Capital. The speech was supporting the idea of peach and racial harmony.

Freedom Summer

June 1964

In hopes of passing a voting rights act, CORE and SNCC registered many African Americans to vote.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

An act the prohibited discrimination because of race,religion,national origin, and gender.

Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

April 4, 1968

Martin Luther King Jr. was shot by James Earl Ray. King was on his hotel room nalcony in Memphis when shot.