The world's first atomic bomb test. This started the eventual US/Soviet Arms Race. The spot where this was tested was in New Mexico
Could travel 6,000 miles, accurate to within one mile of target
Star Wars," a space-based desfense proposal for the United States.
First Soviet atomic bomb test. Known as Joe-1 to the West, referencing Joseph Stalin, it was called "First Lightning."
Soviet Union launched there first satellite into space.
The "King of Bombs," a nickname for the Soviet AN602 hydrogen bomb, the most powerful weapon ever detonated. The bomb's yield was reduced to from 100MT to 50MT to reduce the amount of fallout produced and to provide enough time for the bomber deploying the device to escape it's blast.
USSR had placed missiles in Cuba because it was right next to the US. They did this because US had placed missiles and bombs in Turkey facing right at Moscow.
The Red Army invades Afghanistan.
Explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA).
The "Mercury Seven" astronauts are selected by NASA. They are also known as the Original Seven.
Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched.
Pete Conrad and Alan Bean perform the first precision lunar landing, touching down just 600 feet from the Surveyor 3 probe that arrived two years earlier.
USSR launches Sputnik 1.
Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. It is the first man made object to orbit the Sun.
Yuri Gagarin orbits the Earth once and becomes the first man in space.
Alexei Leonov spends 12 minutes outside of his Voskhod spacecraft performing the first spacewalk.
Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, dies in a plane crash.