An Italian writer that started the humanist movement. He revived the ancient writings of Greece and Rome so they could be continued in history.
Started a huge reform and challenged citizens to oppose the worldliness of the church. They promised to protect him but later imprisoned him. He spread the word to all.
A fight for the throne of England between the Lancasters and the Yorks. The final victory was won by Henry Tudor V who took the throne in 1485.
He was really against the Catholic church and really started the movement against its ignorance and empty rituals. Wrote a book making fun of the church.
Showed the corruption of politics in Europe and wanted to change them. He really influenced the government and the people on how they should rule.
He made the stage on how to act proper from his book The Courtier. He taught the ways people should act from the battlefield to normal life.
Wrote a book about what it would be like if men ruled with Christian standards and community. He drove the idea that rulers should be men of God.
It brought fear and death to protestants all over spain. They believed they could scare people back to the Catholic Church. They would torture them until they recanted.
The main reformer, helped many go against the Catholic Church. He challenged the whole Catholic system and gained many supporters to start new religions.
Helped with all the new world exploring and helped navigate all the seas to find the trade routes. without this many would have got lost.
To get the money to rebuild the Basilica in Rome, Pope Leo sold indulgences. This stated a huge controversy that people could pay for their sins they had committed, this started more rebellions.
Luther was asked to recant all of his writings and he refused. This set Luther as an outlaw of the empire and condemned him to death as a heretic.
This made the King the head of all the Church in England. It broke off England completely from the Roman Catholic Church.
Here they condemned all the principles on which protestants based their faith. They also rejected doctrines of faith alone.
Shows what chivalry should be like and how to act. He showed how silly the old ways were and he put a social standard out there.
Started the huge movement of plays. He set the standard for great theaters and changed the world of entertainment for everyone.
Made by Marin le Bourgeois for King Louis XIII of France. Moving on in gun advancements and set the pace for earlier guns and technology.
Started out as a religious war between protestants and catholics but later just turned into country rivalries. This broke up Germany.
Wanting to be an absolute ruler, parliament wouldn't let him. This all led to the English revolution. Charles continued to fight against parliament but got caught and later killed.
Charles I demisses parliament and starts the civil war. Parliament wins and captures Charles and have him killed. Says Monarchs can't rule without parliament.
Known as the sun king, he made France the most powerful nation in Europe. He built Versailles and spent most of his money on it.
After the war Cromwell took over and tried to make a republic. He forced everyone to live very religious lives and after he died they asked to get the kings back.
Wanted to westernize all of Russia. Traveled all of Europe to learn western ways and forced the on his people. Got a lot of territory for Russia.
Made by Newton, it was innovative for exploring the stars and finding out more about the universe. It really changed the way people looked at it.
They were the first people to co-rule the country together. They were the first to rule under the Bill of Rights, that limited the power of the Royals.
The Russians defeated Sweden and gained more territory by the Baltic Sea for themselves. Russia will establish herself as a world power after this war.
Fearing the joining of Spain and France, England and the Netherlands formed the Great Alliance. They then went to war and after England won the Treaty of Utrecht was signed.
One of Prussia's greatest military rules. Prussia tripled its size while he was ruling. He started the silk trade for Prussia and grew their economy.
Prussia wanted to gain more territory from Austria. Fearing that they would get too powerful, France sided with Austria to stop them. Meanwhile Britain destroyed France in America.
Encouraged education in Russia and finished the westernization of Russia. It was under her rule that the people finally over threw the czars.
This obviously powered the trains that took any americans west and helped unite the country together, without this many towns wouldn't have developed.
Because Britain made the colonists pay taxes but failed to give them rights in Parliament, the colonists revolted and won, starting a new world power.
A huge advancement in the medicine field that helped ease the pain for anyone getting surgery or in pain from other health problems.
Made by John Walker this is very important for everyone at this time. it helped warm homes and bring fire instantly to all who needed it.
The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell. This is the most important communication tool ever made. obviously this led to the cell phone that we use all the time.