History of the English Language

Precursors to English

Celts (British) begin to settle England

400 B.C.

Celts (Gaels, also known as Scots) begin to settle Ireland

350 B.C.

The Emperor Claudius conquers Britain for Rome

43 A.D.

Roman Legions Leave Britain

410 A.D.

St. Patrick arrives in Ireland to convert the pagan Celts

432 A.D.

Old English

Vortigern invites the Saxon brothers, Hengist and Horsa, to stay in Britain

450 A.D.

Beginning of Old English

450 A.D.

Alfred becomes king of Wessex

871 A.D.

Death of Edward the Confessor

1066 A.D.

Middle English

Early Modern English

Modern Standard English