Untitled timeline

Main

Iberians

6000 bc - 2000 bc

First inhabitants.

Celts

700 bc - 500 bc

Iron age.

Romans

55 bc - 400 ac

Made 3 invasions, two with Julius Caesar and one with the Emperor Claudius.
They settled in the middle southern part of England.

Anglo Saxons

410 ac - 750 ac

They settled in the south east.
Actual english derives from them.
They divided the land in 7 kingdoms.

Vikings

750 ac - 1066 ac

They settled in North west Scotland, in Costal regions of Ireland and in England.
They divided England with King Alfred the great in two parts; Wessex and Danelaw.

King Athelstan

927 - 979

He was the grandson of the King Alfred.
He was the first king of England.

King Ethelred II (the unready)

979 - 1016

King Canute (Viking)

1016 - 1035

He controlled much of England.

King Edward (the confessor)

1042 - 1066

Anglo Saxon
Ethelred's son
Interested in church.
He wanted Willian I of Normandy to be the next king.

King William I (the conqueror)

1066 - 1087

He was in France, and decided to invade Britain. (Normand invasion)
Conquered Wales, Ireland, but not Scotland.
He ordered to write the DOOMSDAY BOOK.
Introduced french.

King William II

1087 - 1100

King Henry I

1100 - 1135

King Stephen

1135 - 1154

Empress Matilda

1141 - 1153

King Henry II

1154 - 1189

He introduced trial.

King Richard I (lion heart)

1189 - 1199

King John I

1199 - 1216

He signed the magna carta.
He was a bad king

King Henry III

1216 - 1272

He was 9 years old when he became king.
There was a council of nobles against him.

King Edward I

1272 - 1307

He fought a war against Scotland.
He stole the "stone of destiny", where the king of Scotland used to sit.

King Edward II

1307 - 1327

He was defeated by Robert de Bruce

King Edward III

1327 - 1377

He fought the war against France.

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

War against France.
Really, it was of 116 years

King Richard II

1377 - 1399

People had to pay taxes, so there was a revolution.

King Henry IV

1399 - 1413

House of Lancaster. (red house)

King Henry V

1413 - 1422

House of Lancaster. (red house)

King Henry VI

1422 - 1471

He was king of Englan for eight months.
He was king of France for ten months.
He was mad.
Richard ruled for him. (House of York)

War of roses

1455 - 1487

It was a serie of dynastic wars for the throne of England. They were fought between the houses of Lancaster and York.

King Edward IV

1471 - 1483

He was Richard's son.
He had two sons: Edward and Richard

King Richard III

1483 - 1485

He kept prisioners Edward V and his brother in the tower of London, and then he killed them.
He was not a popular king.
He died against Henry Tudor.

King Edward V

1483

He was 12 years old when he became king.
His uncle was his tutor

King Henry VII

1485 - 1509

Henry Tudor.
He claimed to be the king, so, he killed Richard III.
He married Elizabeth York, this was the end of the wars.
Beginnig of Tudor Dinasty.

King Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

He had six wives.
He needed money, and didn't like the power of the church's power, so he decided to take church's lands but he couldn't because the pop was more powerful than him.
He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon.
He bound one parliament to Wales and England

King Edward VI

1547 - 1553

9 years old.
He had lord protectors: Edward Seymour and John Dudley

Queen Lady Jane Gray

1553

She was Henry VIII's grand daughter.
She married John Dudley's son.
She was queen for nine days, she was executed.

Queen Mary I

1553 - 1558

She was catholic.
Married to the king of Spain.
She persecuted and killed protestants, that's why she is called "bloody Mary"
She lost last french's posetions.

Queen Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

She never get married, so she was called "the virgin queen"
She won the war against Spain
She was excommunicated by the pope.

James I

1603 - 1625

Protestant.
He also was James V of Scotland.
End of fights between England and Scotland.
Both countries shared king but not parliament.

King Charles I

1625 - 1649

Tyrant
Nobody liked him
People of the parliament ordered to execute him in 1649

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

He was lord protector of the king.
He fought against Charles I
He created more severe rules.
He dissoluted parliament
People coludn't celebrate Christmas or Easter.

King Charles II

1660 - 1685

He had 17 illegimate children, they couldn't became king.

King James II

1685 - 1688

Catholic
He wanted that catholics had rights and positions in the parliament.
He went to France.

William - Mary

1688 - 1702

Mary was the James II's daughter.
It was the first time that there were a king and a queen.
They made the "bill of rights"; a document with the people rights, it limited the power of the king.

Queen Anne

1702 - 1714

She was the daughter of Mary and William.
She had 18 children, who died before her.
She decreted that only protestants could be king or queen. (Act of settlement)
Scotland and England had one parliament (Act of union)

King George I

1714 - 1727

Anne German's cousin.
He fought against Jacobites, who wanted Stuart's descendant to be king.
Power was drifting from crown to parliament.

King George II

1727 - 1760

There were political party. (tones and whigs)
Decreted the "act of prescription", people on Scotland couldn't wear their clothes and listen their music.

1st Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840

Ireland united to Scotland and Ireland.

King George III

1760 - 1820

He achieved the peace with France.
In 1776 lost the American war of Independence.
Ireland is under British Parliament power.

King George IV

1820 - 1830

Railways appeard.
The towns became Industrial centres.

KIng Wiliiam IV

1830 - 1837

Great Reform act.
Abolition od slavery.
First convict ship was sent to Australia.

Queen Victoria

1837 - 1901

She married with Albert Saxe-Coloung-Gotha.
Great famine Ireland.
Constitutional Monarchy.
Victorian values: education, family, hard work, honesty.
Gas, electricity

2nd Industrial Revolution

1860 - 1900

King Edward VII

1901 - 1910

He was the only monarch of dynasty Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

King George V

1910 - 1936

1921- Anglo Irish treaty and partition
1928- Woman´s vote.

1st World War

1914 - 1919

King Edward VIII

1936 - 1937

He was abdicated.

King George VI

1937 - 1952

1940- Winston Churchill
The majority of colonies opted for self-government.
Common wealth Nations.
West Indians arrived.

2nd World War

1939 - 1942

Queen Elizabeth II

1952 - 2014

1970- Inflaction.
Discovery gas and oil in Scotland.
Margaret Thatcher.
1982- Fakland's War
Diana's death.