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General

Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

1588 - 1702

Baroque art movement

1600 - 1700

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

1609 - 1619

Descarte's "Discourse on Method"

1637

Rembrandt paints "Night Watch"

1642

Vermeer paints "The Astronomer"

1668

Isaac Newton's "Principia"

1686

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Treaty of Utrecht

1713 - 1714

War of Austrian succession

1740 - 1748

Seven Years war

1754 - 1763

Rousseau’s “Emile”

1762

Treaty of Paris

1763

Romanticism

1775 - 1850

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations"

1776

Each of the 3 partitions of Poland

1795

Early Utopian Socialist ideas emerge: Charles Fourier, Louis Blanc

1800 - 1825

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Greek Independence of 1832

1832

Irish Potato Famine

1845 - 1852

Marx and Engles "The Communist Manifesto"

1848

Revolutions of 1848

1848

Crimean war begins/ends

1854 - 1856

Pasteur's Germ Theory

1857

Darwin's "Origin of Species"

1859

Austro-Prussian War

1866

Compromise of Augsleich (Compromise of 1867)

1867

Congress of Berlin

1878

Post-Impressionism

1880

Kipling writes "White Man's Burden"

1899

England

King Gustavus Adolphus dies

1632

Long Parliament

1640

English Civil War

1642 - 1651

Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector

1649

Charles I executed

1649

Oliver Cromwell dies

1658

Glorious Revolution

1688

Locke’s “2nd Treatise of Government

1689

Act of Union with Scotland

1707

Hanoverian Dynasty begins

1714

Kay's flying shuttle invented

1733

Enclosure Acts

1750 - 1850

Hargreaves Spinning Jenny invented

1764

William Pitt the Elder becomes Prime Minister

1766

Arkwright's water fram invented

1769

American Revolution

1775 - 1793

Watt's stream engine invented

1775

Jeremy Bentham's ideas about Utilitariansim

1781

William Pitt the younger becomes Prime Minister

1782

Cartwright's power loom invented

1784

Malthus' ideas on population

1798

Act of Union with Ireland

1801

Continental System

1806

Luddites protest against new machines

1811 - 1817

Corn Laws passed

1815

Ricardo's Iron Law of Wages

1817

Reform Bills of 1832/1867/1884

1832

Poor Law

1834

Chartists

1838 - 1850

Queen Victoria coronation/abdication

1838 - 1901

Corn Laws Repealed

1846

Reform Bills of 1832, 1867, 1884

1867

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister

1868

Impressionist Movement

1870 - 1880

Reform Bills of 1832, 1867, 1884

1884

France

French Classicism

1600 - 1700

Louis XIV’s reign begins

1643

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Colbert made French minister of finance

1665

Versailles is constructed

1682

Montesquieu’s “Spirit of the Laws”

1748

Diderot’s “Encyclopedia”

1751

Voltaire’s “Candide”

1759

French Revolution

1787 - 1799

Tennis Court Oath

1789

Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

1789

What is the Third Estate?

1789

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

Declaration of Rights of Man and the Female Citizen

1791

King Louis XVI executed

1793

Committee of Public Safety established

1793

Marie Antoinette executed

1793

Robespierre is executed

1794

The Directory

1795

Louis XVIII Coronation

1795

Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'etat

1799

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

Code Napoleon established

1805

Charles X Coronation /Abdication

1824 - 1830

Revolution of 1830 in France

1830

Louis Philip (Bourgeois King) coronation/abdication

1830 - 1848

The Bloody June Days

1848

Baron Haussman remodels Paris

1850

Literary and Artistic realism

1850 - 1900

Louis Napoleon elected president

1851

Louis Napoleon -> Napoleon III as emperor

November 2, 1852

Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Paris Commune resists Prussia

March 26, 1871

Third Republic of France

1875

Boulanger Affair

1880

Dreyfus Affiar

1895

Emile Zola's "J'Accuse"

Jan 13, 1898

HRE/Germany

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Galileo put on trial

1633

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Maria Theresa's rule

1740 - 1780

Frederick the Great's rule

1740 - 1786

Joesph II's rule

1780 - 1790

Declaration of Pillnitz

1791

Confederation of the Rhine created

1806

Burschenscaften formed

1815

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

Friedrich List's Economic Nationalism

1830

Zollerverein formed

1834

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Bismarck's "Iron and Blood" speech

1862

Danish War

February 1, 1864

Bismarck made chancellor of Germany

1871

German Unification complete

1871

William I crowned German Emperor (Kaiser)

January 18, 1871

Bismarck's Kulturkampf

1890

Italy

Cavour begins unification process in Italy

1858

Mazzini advocates for Italian Unification

1860

Garibaldi gives S. Italy to Cavour to join with N. lands

1861

Victor Emmanuel crowned king of Italy

March 17, 1861

Italian Unification complete

September 20, 1870

Russia

Peter the Great’s Rule begins

1682

Northern Wars

1700 - 1701

St. Petersburg is constructed

1703

Catherine the Great begins her rule

1762

Pugachev’s Rebellion

1773 - 1775

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Alexander II frees serfs

March 3, 1861

Alexander II assassinated

March 13, 1881