Timeline 17th to 18th Centuries

England

Enclosure Acts

1604

Long Parliament

1640

English Civil War

1642

Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector

1649

Charles I executed

1649

Oliver Cromwell dies

1658

Isaac Newton's "Principia"

1687

Glorious Revolution

1688

Locke's "2nd Treatise of Government"

1689

Watts steam engine invented

1698

Act of Union with Scotland

1707

Kay's flying shuttle invented

1733

Kepler's laws of planetary motion

1738

American Revolution

1765

William Pitt the Elder becomes Prime Minister

1766

Arkwright's water frame invented

1769

Hargreaves Spinning Jenny invented

1770

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations"

1776

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister

1783

Cartwright's power loom invented

1785

Jeremy Bentham's ideas about Utliltarianism

1789

Malthus' ideas on population

1798

Act of Union with Ireland

1800

Continental System

1806

Luddites protest against new machines

1811

Corn Laws passed

1815

Reform Bill of 1832

1832

Poor Law of 1834

1834

Chartists

1838

Queen Victoria coronation/abdication

1838

Irish Potato Famine

1845

Corn Laws Repealed

1846

Early Utopian Socialist ideas emerge: Charles fourier, Louis Blanc

1848

Marx and Engels "The Communist Manifesto"

1848

Reform Bill of 1867

1867

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister in Britain

1868

Ricardo's Iron Law of Wages

1875

Reform Bill of 1884

1884

Kipling writes "White Man's Burden"

1899

France

French Classicism

1600

Descartes "Discourse on Method"

1637

Louis VIX's reign begins

1643

The Fronde

1648

Jean Baptiste Colbert made French Minister of Finance

1665

Versailles is constructed

1710

Montesquieu's "Spirit of the Laws"

1748

Diderot's "Encyclopedia"

1751

Voltaire's "Candide"

1759

Rousseau's "Emilie"

1762

Treaty of Paris

1763

French Revolution

1789

Tennis Court Oath

1789

Abbe Sieyes 'What Is the Third Estate?"

1789

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

Declaration of Pillnitz

1791

Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

1791

Committee of Public Safety est.

1793

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

1793

King Louis XVI executed

1793

Marie Antoinette executed

1793

Robespierre is executed

1794

The Directory

1795

Napoleonic Wars

1803

Code Napoleon est.

1804

Louis XVIII Coronation France

1814

Charles X Coronation/abdication

1824

Revolution of 1830 in France

1830

Louis Phillip (Bourgeois King) Coroned/Abdication

1830

The Bloody June Days

1848

Louis Napoleon elected president

1848

Literary and Artistic Realism

1850

Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'etat

1851

Louis Napoleon--> Napoleon III as emperor

1852

Baron Haussman remodels Paris

1854

Pasteur's Germ Theory

1862

Third Republic of France

1870

Paris Commune resists Prussia

1871

Boulanger Affair

1886

Dreyfus Affair

1894

Emile Zola's "J'Accuse"

1898

Holy Roman Empire/Confederation of Rhine/Germany

Hanoverian Dynasty begins

1714

Joseph II's rule

1765

Confederation of the Rhine created

1806

Burschenscaften formed

1815

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

Zollverein formed

1833

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Bismarck's "iron and blood" speech

1862

Danish War

1864

Austro-Prussian War

1866

Franco-Prussian War

1870

Bismarck made chancellor of Germany

1871

German Unification Complete

1871

William I crowned German emperor

1871

Bismarck's Kulturkampf

1871

Congress of Berlin

1878

Italian States/Italy

Galileo put on trial

1633

Mazzini Advocates for Italian Unification

1827

Cavour begins unification proccess in Italy

1848

Garibaldi gives S. Italy to Cavour to join with the N. lands

1860

Victor Emmanuel crowned king of Italy

1861

Italian Unification Complete

1871

Russia

Peter the Great's rule begins

1682

St. Petersburg is constructed

1712

Catherine the Great begins her rule

1762

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Alexander II frees serfs in Russia

1861

Alexander II assassinated

1881

General Europe

Baroque art movement

1600

Thirty Years' War

1618

King Gustavus Adolphus

1632

Rembrandt paints :"Night Watch"

1642

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

1648

Northern Wars

1654

Vermeer paints "The Astronomers"

1668

War of Spanish Succession

1701

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

War of Austrian Succession

1740

Maria Theresa's Rule

1740

Frederick the Great's Rule

1740

Seven Years' War

1754

First Parition of Poland

1772

Friedrich List's Economic Nationalism

1776

Second Partition of Poland

1790

Third Partition of Poland

1795

Romanticism

1800

Impressionist movement

1800

Congress of Vienna

1814

Greek Independence of 1832

1821

Revolution of 1848: France, German States, Austria, Italy

1848

Crimean War begins

1853

Crimean War ends

1856

Darwin's "Origin of Species"

1859

Augsleich (Compromise of 1867)

1867

Post-Impressionism

1880