The left huge contributions as regards law, distribution of cities, roads, religion, and language (latin)
*They are said to be the ancestors of the English. *The left their language.
*They were pagans but adopted Catholicism.
*They introduced new farming methods
*They organized the territory into 7 kingdoms
*They introduce the King council (advisors of the king)
The vikings cam from Denmark and Norway
*They came from the North of France.
*It was the last invation to Engand.
*They introduced the feudal systm.
*They conquered Wales and Ireland but not the highlands
*It was a war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.
-Henry IV, V and VI (Beonged to the House of Lancaster)
- Henry VI: he was king of England for 8 months and then became king of France for 10 months, but he was mad, so Richard (House of York- descendant of Edward III) ruled for him. Richard died in a battle so Edward (Rchard's son) became king.
-Edward had 2 sons (Edward V and Richard), they were kept and killed in the tower of London by their uncle Richard.
- Richard III: was not a popular, he died at the battel against Henry Tudor.
*He spent the fortune that Henry VII had saved, so he decided to take away the church's lands.
*The disliked the power of the church over him.
*He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon.
*He became the head of the church in England (Anglicanism)
*He controlled the church and wealth of the country.
*In 1536 he bound England and Wales' parliaments and law
*Henry Tudor was a descendant of the Duke of Lancaster.
*He bacame King "Henry VII".
He married Elizabeth of York and with that he ended the War of the Roses and began the Tudor Dynasty.
*Era of estability and strong gobernment.
They were the first inhabitants of the British Isles. The didn't leave much to the future generations apart from the "Stonehenge" built by them
*They are considered the first real inhabitants of the British Isles.
*They came from Central Europe and got established all along the territory.
*They name the land "Albion".
*They were farmers and artisans.
*Queen Boudicca was recgnized for fighting against the Romans, she was the Queen of Iceni, one of the testiest tribes from the North.
*After 3 failing attempts of conquering the lands, Rome finally achieve it led by Emperor Claudius.
*Albion was renamed Britania.
*Some Celts run away to the North while others end up adopting the new culture.
For many years the Romans tried to conquer the northern lands, Caledonia, but there was a strong oppositions. Emperor Hadrian (Roman) built a wall in order to prevent the territory from Scots and Pics' (tribe)attacks.
King Alfred won a battle against the Vikings, they made an treaty in which they agreed to divide the land in two: Wessex (Soouth - West) and Danelaw (North - East)
He was crowned the first king of Scotland
He was the first king of England, he was Alfred's grandson
*He was Anglosaxon
*He introduce a tax called DANEGELD to pay the Vikings
He was the first Danish King of England, he replaced King Ethelred
*He was know to have a close relation with the church.
*When he died, he left no hai, so the WITAN (king's council) name Harold Godwings, king of England
William led the Normans to victory in the battle of Hastings
He was only 9 months on th throne until William the Conqueror defeated him in battle.
This book registered which person had a piece of land
*He was William's son.
*Introduced the trial by jury and kept a tigh grip on the barons.
*He is known as Richard Lionheart.
*He was Henry II's son
*During his kingdom he was crusading in the Middle East and he died there
*He was Richard I's brother.
*He was unpopular.
*He had to sign the Magna Carta (which established the rights and taxes
*He lost the bits of France brought over by his father Henry II
He created the Council of Nobles because he disliked John I's actions
*He brought together the 1st real parliament.
*In 1284 declared Wales a principality of England and named his son Prince of Wales.
*He fought a war against Scotland (Robert the Bruce and William Wallace)
*He stole the Stone of Destiny
*During this period it was the "Hundred Years' War" (France and England).
*Scotland was France's ally.
England lost all the French possessions except for Calais.
he was king for one year
Also called The Black Death or Bubonic Plague, it killed a third of the population.
Peasant's Revolt: taxes
*He wasted the fortune Henry VII had saved so he decided to take away the church's lands.
*He disliked the power of the church.
*He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon
*He bounded England and Wales' parliaments and law
*He became the head of th chruch in England (Anglicanism)
*He controlled the church and wealth of the country
*He was the son of Jane Seymour, the 6th wife of Henry VIII
*He was crowned with 9 years old so Edward Seymour an John Dudley were named Lord Protectors.
*He died of Tuberculosis at the age of 15.
During Edward VII's reign
*She was Catherine of Aragon's daughter.
*She was a Catholic Queen.
*She got married to the King of Spain: Philip II.
*She was called "Bloody Mary", because she persecuted protestants.
*She lost Calais, the last French possession.
*She was Henry VIII's granddaughter.
*She was married to John Dudley's son.
*She was Queen for 9 days.
*She was executed
*She was Anna Bolena's daughter.
*She was an Anglican Queen.
*The was known as the Virgin Queen, since she never got married.
*She was excomunicated by the Pope after 45 years of ruling.
*She won the war against Spain.
*She imprisoned Mary Queen of Scots for 20 years and the executed her.
*Rennaisance arose with her, Arts and literature, period of estability, sense of National Identity
He was protestants.
*During that period Puritans went to America
*England and Scotland shared king but not parliament
Guy Fawkes was a Catholic who wanted to blow up the parliament, in commemoration of taht day it is celebrated the 5th of November "The Bonfire Night"
*He was Known as a tyrant for 11 years.
*He was executed in 1649.
*He replaced Charles I
*He was Lord Protector, created a more severe government than Charles I.
*He dissoluted the parliament.
*People were forbbiden to celebrate Easter and Christmas.
*He had 17 illegimate children and no heir.
*In that peior The Great Plague and the Great Fire of London took place.
*He was Catholic.
*He wanted to give Catholics full rights and position in government.
*He had a daughter, Mary, who got married to William of Orange.
*The parliament was too powerful, so he fled to France.
*Parliament called Orange and Mary to rule.
*They created the Bill of Rights
*The had a daughter called Ann best known as the Queen's doll house. She had 18 children and all of them died.
* In 1701 The Act of Settlement was produced, jus Protestants could be king or queen of England
*in 1707 The Act of Union Engand and Scotland shared the parliaments.
*George I: Anne's German cousin. Fight against Jacobites. Power was drifted from crown to parliament.
-Tories and whigs.
-Bonnie Prince Charlie was defeated at Culloden .
-The Act of Proscription
*George III (1763)
-Peace with France
-Lost the American war for Independance(1775)
-French Revolutions - Napoleon(1789 - 1799)
-Battle of Trafalgar - Nelson (1805)
-The Battle of Waterloo - Duke of Wellington(1815)
- The Act of Union, Ireland in under British Parliament (1800)
*He was Prince Regent
*People migrated to new industrial towns
*Railway was built
*Possessions of land, power and prestige
*1832 - Great Reform Acts
*1833 - Abolition of slavery
* 1st convict ship was sent to Australia.
He was the only monarch of the dynasty: Saxe Cobur Gotha.
- 1914 - 1919 1st World War
- 1917 he changed the nme of the house: Winsor
- 1921 Anglo Irish Treaty and Portition
- 1926 General Strike
- 1928 Suffragettes demanded the women's right to vote
- 1929 Great Depression