UK HISTORY

Ages / Periods

Bronze Age

2000 bc - 1000 bc

Stone Age

1000 bc - 500 bc

Iron Age

500 bc - 043 ac

The Roman's Time

43 ac - 410 ac

The left huge contributions as regards law, distribution of cities, roads, religion, and language (latin)

Anglo-Saxon's Time

410 - 750

*They are said to be the ancestors of the English. *The left their language.
*They were pagans but adopted Catholicism.
*They introduced new farming methods
*They organized the territory into 7 kingdoms
*They introduce the King council (advisors of the king)

Vikings' Time

750 - 1066

The vikings cam from Denmark and Norway

The Normans' Time

1066 - 1154

*They came from the North of France.
*It was the last invation to Engand.
*They introduced the feudal systm.
*They conquered Wales and Ireland but not the highlands

The Wars of Roses

1400 - 1700

*It was a war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.

-Henry IV, V and VI (Beonged to the House of Lancaster)
- Henry VI: he was king of England for 8 months and then became king of France for 10 months, but he was mad, so Richard (House of York- descendant of Edward III) ruled for him. Richard died in a battle so Edward (Rchard's son) became king.
-Edward had 2 sons (Edward V and Richard), they were kept and killed in the tower of London by their uncle Richard.
- Richard III: was not a popular, he died at the battel against Henry Tudor.

King Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

*He spent the fortune that Henry VII had saved, so he decided to take away the church's lands.
*The disliked the power of the church over him.
*He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon.
*He became the head of the church in England (Anglicanism)
*He controlled the church and wealth of the country.
*In 1536 he bound England and Wales' parliaments and law

Tudor Dynasty

1700 - 1800

*Henry Tudor was a descendant of the Duke of Lancaster.
*He bacame King "Henry VII".
He married Elizabeth of York and with that he ended the War of the Roses and began the Tudor Dynasty.
*Era of estability and strong gobernment.

Information

Iberians

1000 bc - 500 bc

They were the first inhabitants of the British Isles. The didn't leave much to the future generations apart from the "Stonehenge" built by them

Celts

500 bc - 43 ac

*They are considered the first real inhabitants of the British Isles.
*They came from Central Europe and got established all along the territory.
*They name the land "Albion".
*They were farmers and artisans.
*Queen Boudicca was recgnized for fighting against the Romans, she was the Queen of Iceni, one of the testiest tribes from the North.

Emperor Claudius

043 ac - 410

*After 3 failing attempts of conquering the lands, Rome finally achieve it led by Emperor Claudius.
*Albion was renamed Britania.
*Some Celts run away to the North while others end up adopting the new culture.

Antonine Wall

122

For many years the Romans tried to conquer the northern lands, Caledonia, but there was a strong oppositions. Emperor Hadrian (Roman) built a wall in order to prevent the territory from Scots and Pics' (tribe)attacks.

King Alfred's treaty

750

King Alfred won a battle against the Vikings, they made an treaty in which they agreed to divide the land in two: Wessex (Soouth - West) and Danelaw (North - East)

Kenneth MacAlpin

800

He was crowned the first king of Scotland

King Athesltan

927

He was the first king of England, he was Alfred's grandson

King Ethelred the Unready

979 - 1016

*He was Anglosaxon
*He introduce a tax called DANEGELD to pay the Vikings

King Canute

1000

He was the first Danish King of England, he replaced King Ethelred

Edward the Confesor

1042 - 1066

*He was know to have a close relation with the church.
*When he died, he left no hai, so the WITAN (king's council) name Harold Godwings, king of England

William The Conqueror

1066 - 1154

William led the Normans to victory in the battle of Hastings

Harold Godwins

1066

He was only 9 months on th throne until William the Conqueror defeated him in battle.

The Doomsday Book

1086

This book registered which person had a piece of land

King William II

1087 - 1100

King Stephen

1135 - 1154

King Henry II

1154 - 1189

*He was William's son.
*Introduced the trial by jury and kept a tigh grip on the barons.

King Richard I

1189 - 1199

*He is known as Richard Lionheart.
*He was Henry II's son
*During his kingdom he was crusading in the Middle East and he died there

King John I

1199 - 1216

*He was Richard I's brother.
*He was unpopular.
*He had to sign the Magna Carta (which established the rights and taxes
*He lost the bits of France brought over by his father Henry II

King Henry III

1216 - 1272

He created the Council of Nobles because he disliked John I's actions

Edward I

1272 - 1307

*He brought together the 1st real parliament.
*In 1284 declared Wales a principality of England and named his son Prince of Wales.
*He fought a war against Scotland (Robert the Bruce and William Wallace)
*He stole the Stone of Destiny

Edward II

1307 - 1327

*During this period it was the "Hundred Years' War" (France and England).
*Scotland was France's ally.
England lost all the French possessions except for Calais.

Edward VIII

1336

he was king for one year

The Plague

1348

Also called The Black Death or Bubonic Plague, it killed a third of the population.

King Richard II

1377 - 1399

Peasant's Revolt: taxes

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

*He wasted the fortune Henry VII had saved so he decided to take away the church's lands.
*He disliked the power of the church.
*He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon
*He bounded England and Wales' parliaments and law
*He became the head of th chruch in England (Anglicanism)
*He controlled the church and wealth of the country

Edward VII

1547 - 1553

*He was the son of Jane Seymour, the 6th wife of Henry VIII
*He was crowned with 9 years old so Edward Seymour an John Dudley were named Lord Protectors.
*He died of Tuberculosis at the age of 15.

Book of Common Prayers was compilled

1549

During Edward VII's reign

Queen Mary I

1553 - 1558

*She was Catherine of Aragon's daughter.
*She was a Catholic Queen.
*She got married to the King of Spain: Philip II.
*She was called "Bloody Mary", because she persecuted protestants.
*She lost Calais, the last French possession.

Queen Lady Jane Grey

1553

*She was Henry VIII's granddaughter.
*She was married to John Dudley's son.
*She was Queen for 9 days.
*She was executed

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

*She was Anna Bolena's daughter.
*She was an Anglican Queen.
*The was known as the Virgin Queen, since she never got married.
*She was excomunicated by the Pope after 45 years of ruling.
*She won the war against Spain.
*She imprisoned Mary Queen of Scots for 20 years and the executed her.
*Rennaisance arose with her, Arts and literature, period of estability, sense of National Identity

James I

1603 - 1625

He was protestants.
*During that period Puritans went to America

*England and Scotland shared king but not parliament

Bonfire night

1605

Guy Fawkes was a Catholic who wanted to blow up the parliament, in commemoration of taht day it is celebrated the 5th of November "The Bonfire Night"

Charles I

1625 - 1649

*He was Known as a tyrant for 11 years.
*He was executed in 1649.

Oliver Cromwell

1650

*He replaced Charles I
*He was Lord Protector, created a more severe government than Charles I.
*He dissoluted the parliament.
*People were forbbiden to celebrate Easter and Christmas.

Charles II

1660 - 1685

*He had 17 illegimate children and no heir.
*In that peior The Great Plague and the Great Fire of London took place.

James II

1685 - 1688

*He was Catholic.
*He wanted to give Catholics full rights and position in government.
*He had a daughter, Mary, who got married to William of Orange.
*The parliament was too powerful, so he fled to France.
*Parliament called Orange and Mary to rule.

William and Mary II

1689

*They created the Bill of Rights
*The had a daughter called Ann best known as the Queen's doll house. She had 18 children and all of them died.
* In 1701 The Act of Settlement was produced, jus Protestants could be king or queen of England
*in 1707 The Act of Union Engand and Scotland shared the parliaments.

The House of Hanover

1700 - 1800

*George I: Anne's German cousin. Fight against Jacobites. Power was drifted from crown to parliament.

*George II:
-Political parties.
-Tories and whigs.
-Bonnie Prince Charlie was defeated at Culloden .
-The Act of Proscription

*George III (1763)
-Peace with France
-Lost the American war for Independance(1775)
-French Revolutions - Napoleon(1789 - 1799)
-Battle of Trafalgar - Nelson (1805)
-The Battle of Waterloo - Duke of Wellington(1815)
- The Act of Union, Ireland in under British Parliament (1800)

1st Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840

Goerge IV

1820 - 1830

*He was Prince Regent
*People migrated to new industrial towns
*Railway was built
*Possessions of land, power and prestige

William IV

1830 - 1837

Events:

*1832 - Great Reform Acts
*1833 - Abolition of slavery
* 1st convict ship was sent to Australia.

Queen Victoria

1837 - 1901
  • She was married to Albert Saxe Cobur Gotha.
  • 1845 - Great Famine
  • 1860 - 2nd Industrial Revolution
  • Idea of Constitutional Monarqui began to evolve.
  • Victoria values
  • hard work - drift - family life
  • religious - observance - awarness of one's duties
  • absolute honesty in public matters
  • respectability in sexual matters

House of Windsor

1900

*Edward VII:
He was the only monarch of the dynasty: Saxe Cobur Gotha.

*George V:
- 1914 - 1919 1st World War
- 1917 he changed the nme of the house: Winsor
- 1921 Anglo Irish Treaty and Portition
- 1926 General Strike
- 1928 Suffragettes demanded the women's right to vote
- 1929 Great Depression

George VI

1900
  • 1939 2nd World War
  • 1940 Wiston Churchil - most colonies opted for self government 1950 Est Indians arrived

Elizabeth II

1952
  • 1970 Inflation
  • 1979 Winter Discontent: strike Discovery of gas and oil in Scotland Margaret Tatcher (conservative party)
  • 1980 Coal pit closure: miners' strike
  • 1982 Falkland's War IRA: Ireland
  • 1990 Poll Tax: change into council tax
  • 1997 Tony Blair (Labour party)

Diana's Death

1997