The left huge contributions as regards law, distribution of cities, roads, religion, and language (latin)
*They are said to be the ancestors of the English. *The left their language.
*They were pagans but adopted Catholicism.
*They introduced new farming methods
*They organized the territory into 7 kingdoms
*They introduce the King council (advisors of the king)
The vikings cam from Denmark and Norway
*They came from the North of France.
*It was the last invation to Engand.
*They introduced the feudal systm.
*They conquered Wales and Ireland but not the highlands
*It was a war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.
-Henry IV, V and VI (Beonged to the House of Lancaster)
- Henry VI: he was king of England for 8 months and then became king of France for 10 months, but he was mad, so Richard (House of York- descendant of Edward III) ruled for him. Richard died in a battle so Edward (Rchard's son) became king.
-Edward had 2 sons (Edward V and Richard), they were kept and killed in the tower of London by their uncle Richard.
- Richard III: was not a popular, he died at the battel against Henry Tudor.
*He spent the fortune that Henry VII had saved, so he decided to take away the church's lands.
*The disliked the power of the church over him.
*He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon.
*He became the head of the church in England (Anglicanism)
*He controlled the church and wealth of the country.
*In 1536 he bound England and Wales' parliaments and law
*Henry Tudor was a descendant of the Duke of Lancaster.
*He bacame King "Henry VII".
He married Elizabeth of York and with that he ended the War of the Roses and began the Tudor Dynasty.
*Era of estability and strong gobernment.
They were the first inhabitants of the British Isles. The didn't leave much to the future generations apart from the "Stonehenge" built by them
*They are considered the first real inhabitants of the British Isles.
*They came from Central Europe and got established all along the territory.
*They name the land "Albion".
*They were farmers and artisans.
*Queen Boudicca was recgnized for fighting against the Romans, she was the Queen of Iceni, one of the testiest tribes from the North.
*After 3 failing attempts of conquering the lands, Rome finally achieve it led by Emperor Claudius.
*Albion was renamed Britania.
*Some Celts run away to the North while others end up adopting the new culture.
For many years the Romans tried to conquer the northern lands, Caledonia, but there was a strong oppositions. Emperor Hadrian (Roman) built a wall in order to prevent the territory from Scots and Pics' (tribe)attacks.
King Alfred won a battle against the Vikings, they made an treaty in which they agreed to divide the land in two: Wessex (Soouth - West) and Danelaw (North - East)
He was crowned the first king of Scotland
He was the first king of England, he was Alfred's grandson
*He was Anglosaxon
*He introduce a tax called DANEGELD to pay the Vikings
He was the first Danish King of England, he replaced King Ethelred
*He was know to have a close relation with the church.
*When he died, he left no hai, so the WITAN (king's council) name Harold Godwings, king of England
He was only 9 months on th throne until William the Conqueror defeated him in battle.
William led the Normans to victory in the battle of Hastings
This book registered which person had a piece of land
*He was William's son.
*Introduced the trial by jury and kept a tigh grip on the barons.
*He is known as Richard Lionheart.
*He was Henry II's son
*During his kingdom he was crusading in the Middle East and he died there
*He was Richard I's brother.
*He was unpopular.
*He had to sign the Magna Carta (which established the rights and taxes
*He lost the bits of France brought over by his father Henry II
He created the Council of Nobles because he disliked John I's actions
*He brought together the 1st real parliament.
*In 1284 declared Wales a principality of England and named his son Prince of Wales.
*He fought a war against Scotland (Robert the Bruce and William Wallace)
*He stole the Stone of Destiny
*During this period it was the "Hundred Years' War" (France and England).
*Scotland was France's ally.
England lost all the French possessions except for Calais.
he was king for one year
Also called The Black Death or Bubonic Plague, it killed a third of the population.
Peasant's Revolt: taxes
*He wasted the fortune Henry VII had saved so he decided to take away the church's lands.
*He disliked the power of the church.
*He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon
*He bounded England and Wales' parliaments and law
*He became the head of th chruch in England (Anglicanism)
*He controlled the church and wealth of the country
*He was the son of Jane Seymour, the 6th wife of Henry VIII
*He was crowned with 9 years old so Edward Seymour an John Dudley were named Lord Protectors.
*He died of Tuberculosis at the age of 15.
During Edward VII's reign
*She was Catherine of Aragon's daughter.
*She was a Catholic Queen.
*She got married to the King of Spain: Philip II.
*She was called "Bloody Mary", because she persecuted protestants.
*She lost Calais, the last French possession.
*She was Henry VIII's granddaughter.
*She was married to John Dudley's son.
*She was Queen for 9 days.
*She was executed
*She was Anna Bolena's daughter.
*She was an Anglican Queen.
*The was known as the Virgin Queen, since she never got married.
*She was excomunicated by the Pope after 45 years of ruling.
*She won the war against Spain.
*She imprisoned Mary Queen of Scots for 20 years and the executed her.
*Rennaisance arose with her, Arts and literature, period of estability, sense of National Identity
He was protestants.
*During that period Puritans went to America
*England and Scotland shared king but not parliament
Guy Fawkes was a Catholic who wanted to blow up the parliament, in commemoration of taht day it is celebrated the 5th of November "The Bonfire Night"
*He was Known as a tyrant for 11 years.
*He was executed in 1649.
*He replaced Charles I
*He was Lord Protector, created a more severe government than Charles I.
*He dissoluted the parliament.
*People were forbbiden to celebrate Easter and Christmas.
*He had 17 illegimate children and no heir.
*In that peior The Great Plague and the Great Fire of London took place.
*He was Catholic.
*He wanted to give Catholics full rights and position in government.
*He had a daughter, Mary, who got married to William of Orange.
*The parliament was too powerful, so he fled to France.
*Parliament called Orange and Mary to rule.
*They created the Bill of Rights
*The had a daughter called Ann best known as the Queen's doll house. She had 18 children and all of them died.
* In 1701 The Act of Settlement was produced, jus Protestants could be king or queen of England
*in 1707 The Act of Union Engand and Scotland shared the parliaments.
*George I: Anne's German cousin. Fight against Jacobites. Power was drifted from crown to parliament.
-Tories and whigs.
-Bonnie Prince Charlie was defeated at Culloden .
-The Act of Proscription
*George III (1763)
-Peace with France
-Lost the American war for Independance(1775)
-French Revolutions - Napoleon(1789 - 1799)
-Battle of Trafalgar - Nelson (1805)
-The Battle of Waterloo - Duke of Wellington(1815)
- The Act of Union, Ireland in under British Parliament (1800)
*He was Prince Regent
*People migrated to new industrial towns
*Railway was built
*Possessions of land, power and prestige
*1832 - Great Reform Acts
*1833 - Abolition of slavery
* 1st convict ship was sent to Australia.
He was the only monarch of the dynasty: Saxe Cobur Gotha.
- 1914 - 1919 1st World War
- 1917 he changed the nme of the house: Winsor
- 1921 Anglo Irish Treaty and Portition
- 1926 General Strike
- 1928 Suffragettes demanded the women's right to vote
- 1929 Great Depression