UK HISTORY - ORTIZ, OSORIO

AGES

PERIODS

BRONZE AGES -

2000 bc - 500 bc

IRON AGES - "The Celts"

500 bc - 043 ac

During that period The British Isles were populated by the Celts, they came from Central Europe and got established all along the territory. They named the land "Albion". They were farmers and artisans

"The Roman Empire"

043 ac - 410

After three failed attempts to conquere the Isles, Emperor Claudius finally achieved it. "Albion" was re-named "Britannia". Some Celts run away to the North and others adopted the new culture. One of the most testy tribes was Iceni, Queen Boudicca of Iceni was known to take arms against the Romans.

Emperor Hadrian

122

The Romans tried to conquer the northern lands, Caledonia, but the savage tribes opposed them Emperor Hadrian built a wall from Newcastle to Carlisle, the Antonine Wall so as to prevent the territory from attacks by the Scots and Pics(tribe).

"Anglo-Saxon's Invations"

410 - 800

"The Vikings Invations"

800 - 1066

They came from Norway and Denmark. King Alfred The Great agreed with the Vikings in dividing the land in two. Wessex and Essexs

Kenneth MacAlpin - 1st king of Scotland

800

Athelstan was named 1st king of England

927

He was King Alfred's grandson

Ethelred was replaced by Canute

1000

Canute was the first Danish king of England.

The Norman's Invation

1066 - 1154

Harold, the Earl of Wessex was nine months on the throne until Britain was (for the last time)invaded by the Normans, who came from the northern France, led by Duke William ("The Conqueror") to victory at the battle of Hastings.

The Domesday Book is compiled

1086

French kingdoms

1154 - 1485
  • William's hair, Henri II introduced the trial by jury and kept a tigh grip on the barons. He da two sons: Richard I (the Lionheart) who spent his decade of kingship crusading in the Middle East; and John who lost the bits of France brought over by his father.
  • Meantime, Edward I, made his son Prince of Wales. It was until 1270 that Welsh had their own kings. Edward crowned John the Balliol but he betray Edward and sign the "Auld Allieance" an aliance with France.

King John signed the Carta Magna

1215

This granted his pushy barons more power

Scotland vs. English

1297 - 1314

William Wallace was a Scotlandman who took a fight against the English troops at Stirling Bridge, he won the battle but he was hung drawn and quartered the following year and so it fell to Robert the Bruce, self-declared king og Scotland at Bannockburn in 1314

The Plague

1348

or the Black Death killed a third of the population

Peasant's Revolt

1381

new laws to cap wages and the introduction of new taxes

"The War of Roses"

1400 - 1500

During this period the House of Lancaster (Henrys IV to VI) reigned in England but was challenged all the way by the House of York. The symbols of both houses are roses one red and the other white respectevelly. Henry Tudor of Welsh killed Richard III at the battle of Bosworth in 1485 so he became king.
He strenghed the relation with Scotland by the marriage of his daughter to James IV of Scotland, linking the Tudors and Stewart.

A Houndred Year's War

1415

Henry V slaughtered thousands of French and took their crown

Henry VIII

1509 - 1543

*Henry Tudor's son, Henry VIII, had six wives . he divorced his first wife, Catherine of Aragon so he broke bones to the church and in a way claimed his own religion "protestantism" with the disolution of the church the lands of the Pope were his and so it was the power.
* in 1530 he dissolved and plundered the monasteries of England, Wales and Ireland, he impossed a new religion.
*The Acts of Union in 1536 and 1543 finally bound England and Wales by the same parliament and law

James IV - King of Scotland died in battle against the English

1513

Mary, Queen of Scots, was forced into exile in England by rebellion