Etruscans- came to Italy in 800 b.c, series of small city-states that rules the native people, one of the subject communities was Rome
Rome- Founded by twin brother Romulus and Remus, 509 b.c Rome gained independence from Etruscan rule, republic; lasted until 1st emperor
-Augustus- ( 31 b.c - 14 c.e)
senate, composed of Patricians(aristocrats), Plebeians(commoners)-90% of pop.
Tribune- plebeian representation.
Julius Caesar- Patrician general with sway over soldiers
Triumvirate- (rule of three), Julius Caesar; Crassus(wealth); Pompey(rival to Caesar), Caesar declared himslef dictator but was assassinated by senate in 44 b.c
Caesar's nephew Octavian battle for control of Rome and won in the Battle of Actium. -Augustus Caesar-established Roman Empire.
Equites: Italian merchants who helped run Roman empire.
Law of the Twelve Tables: code from the republic with a few changes from Augustus Caesar.
Pax Romana: Roman Peace, caused by reforms and peace lasted until 100 c.e, Empire reached largest extent during that time.
Patron-Client: relationship, paterfamilias, oldest male tied to the next then next...etc
Punic Wars-fought with Carthage a former Phoenician colony(Mediterranean) (264-146 b.c) WON!