Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, which would dramatically affect the world and how to spread news. Faster way to print books.
Leonardo da Vinci is born, and will change the way we look at art forever using many techniques. Also affects the way we look at science.
The fall of Constantinople and its empire, also the ending of the ruling of the Byzantine Empire.
1454 - 1466
Thirteen Years' War also called the War of the Cities, was a conflict that was fought in between the Prussian Confederation, allied with the Kingdom of Poland, and the State of the Teutonic Order.
Michelangelo Buonarroti was born, later became an important sculptor changing the art “game.” Sculpts many important statues.
Raphael, also known as, Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, was born. Later becomes a major influence in Art, creating many paintings.
Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue in search for a shorter route to India, and instead discovers Cuba.
Da Vinci paints the Last Supper, a painting with a strong story that leaves us in awe. Portrays what the last supper Jesus had with his disciples looked like.
Michelangelo completes the Statue of David (marble). Portraying a strong version of David for many reasons.
Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa, later becoming the most recognized painting in the world today. "Shows off" his 3D skills.
Created a famous painting called School of Athens. Raphael's commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms.
Michelangelo painted ceiling in the Sistine Chapel -- Creation of Adam. Shows why he is one of the greatest painters in his time.
Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses, protesting the sale of indulgences. Would later be loved by many and hated by the many.
Hernan Cortes starts his travels from Villa Rica de la Ver Cruz to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan on Lake Texoco.
Baptism of the first Catholics in the Philippines, the first Christian nation in Southeast Asia. This event is commemorated with the feast of the Sto. Niño
1521 - 1523
The Swedish War of Liberation was a rebellion and a civil war in which a nobleman successfully deposed a Danish-norwegian king.
Martin Luther finally excommunicated by Pope Leo X in the bull Decet Romanum Pontificem after his death keeps getting put off.
1526 - 1528
Pizarro and his pilot Bartolomé Ruiz explore the west coast of South America from the San Juan River south to the Santa River becoming the first to sight the coasts of Ecuador and Peru.
1532 - 1533
Pizarro explores and conquers inland to Cajamarca and Cuzco which will grow his army to be stronger and better.
English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy making the King of England Supreme Head of the Church of England.
Jacques Cartier explores the Gulf of St. Lawrence on a long journey, discovering Anticosti Island and Prince Edward Island.
1534 - 1535
The Münster Rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a communal sectarian government in the German city of Münster.
1539 - 1543
1539–43 Hernando de Soto's expedition explores much of the modern American South, becoming the first to cross the Appalachians.
Pope Paul III confirmed the order of the Society of Jesus allowing jesuits to proclaim their mission to people.
Ecumenical Council of Trent convened during the pontificate of Paul III, to prepare the Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation. Its rulings set the tone of Catholic society.
1568 - 1648
Eighty Years' War (Dutch War of Independence),began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Mercator Projection map created by Gerardus Mercator, that helps explores finding where to go and nations making better attacking plans for war.
Pope Clement VIII sanctions use of coffee despite petition by priests to ban the Muslim drink as "the devil's drink". The Pope tried a cup and said it is "so delicious that it would be a pity to let the infidels have exclusive use of it. We shall cheat Satan by baptizing it”
Henry Hudson coasts the east coast of Greenland on a long journey, naming "Hold-with-Hope"
Tokugawa Ieyasu bans Christianity from Japan and starts prosecution to any who worship Christianity illegally.
First time in history a ruling king is executed by order of elected body, that man is King Charles 1, his head is cut off.
1700 - 1721
The Great Northern War was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Russians. Successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Central, Northern, and Eastern Europe.
1701 - 1714
The War of the Spanish Succession was fought between European powers, including a divided Spain, over who had the right to succeed Charles II as King of Spain.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the alcohol thermometer which will help more accurately tell the temperature so people will be able to prepare.
Thomas Newcomen builds the first steam engine to pump water out of mines by using a piston. This would help advance the speed to transportation and mining and else more.
Pedro de Villasur travels from Santa Fe, through what is now part of southeastern Colorado, to the lower Platte in eastern Nebraska.
Stephen Hales takes measurements of blood pressure, that will help doctors with all kinds of problems they had.
Anders Celsius develops the Centigrade temperature scale that helps tell temperature in a different format.
Richard Trevithick invents the railroad system that will allow travel and transportation of goods to be faster for years to come.
Refrigeration: Using the principle of vapour compression, James Harrison produced the world's first ice making machine and refrigerator in Geelong, Australia