Dylan's Timeline 1400-1899

Main

Inventions

1439

Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, which would dramatically affect the world and how to spread news. Faster way to print books.

Art

1452

Leonardo da Vinci is born, and will change the way we look at art forever using many techniques. Also affects the way we look at science.

War

1453

The fall of Constantinople and its empire, also the ending of the ruling of the Byzantine Empire.

War

1454 - 1466

Thirteen Years' War also called the War of the Cities, was a conflict that was fought in between the Prussian Confederation, allied with the Kingdom of Poland, and the State of the Teutonic Order.

Art

1475

Michelangelo Buonarroti was born, later became an important sculptor changing the art “game.” Sculpts many important statues.

Art

1483

Raphael, also known as, Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, was born. Later becomes a major influence in Art, creating many paintings.

Exploration

1492

Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue in search for a shorter route to India, and instead discovers Cuba.

Art

1498

Da Vinci paints the Last Supper, a painting with a strong story that leaves us in awe. Portrays what the last supper Jesus had with his disciples looked like.

Art

1504

Michelangelo completes the Statue of David (marble). Portraying a strong version of David for many reasons.

Art

1507

Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa, later becoming the most recognized painting in the world today. "Shows off" his 3D skills.

Art

1509

Created a famous painting called School of Athens. Raphael's commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms.

Art

1512

Michelangelo painted ceiling in the Sistine Chapel -- Creation of Adam. Shows why he is one of the greatest painters in his time.

Church

1517

Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses, protesting the sale of indulgences. Would later be loved by many and hated by the many.

Exploration

1519

Hernan Cortes starts his travels from Villa Rica de la Ver Cruz to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan on Lake Texoco.

War

1521 - 1523

The Swedish War of Liberation was a rebellion and a civil war in which a nobleman successfully deposed a Danish-norwegian king.

Church

1521

Baptism of the first Catholics in the Philippines, the first Christian nation in Southeast Asia. This event is commemorated with the feast of the Sto. Niño

Church

1522

Martin Luther finally excommunicated by Pope Leo X in the bull Decet Romanum Pontificem after his death keeps getting put off.

Exploration

1526 - 1528

Pizarro and his pilot Bartolomé Ruiz explore the west coast of South America from the San Juan River south to the Santa River becoming the first to sight the coasts of Ecuador and Peru.

Exploration

1532 - 1533

Pizarro explores and conquers inland to Cajamarca and Cuzco which will grow his army to be stronger and better.

War

1534 - 1535

The Münster Rebellion was an attempt by radical Anabaptists to establish a communal sectarian government in the German city of Münster.

Exploration

1534

Jacques Cartier explores the Gulf of St. Lawrence on a long journey, discovering Anticosti Island and Prince Edward Island.

Church

1534

English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy making the King of England Supreme Head of the Church of England.

Exploration

1539 - 1543

1539–43 Hernando de Soto's expedition explores much of the modern American South, becoming the first to cross the Appalachians.

Church

1540

Pope Paul III confirmed the order of the Society of Jesus allowing jesuits to proclaim their mission to people.

Church

1545

Ecumenical Council of Trent convened during the pontificate of Paul III, to prepare the Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation. Its rulings set the tone of Catholic society.

War

1568 - 1648

Eighty Years' War (Dutch War of Independence),began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.

Inventions

1569

Mercator Projection map created by Gerardus Mercator, that helps explores finding where to go and nations making better attacking plans for war.

Church

1600

Pope Clement VIII sanctions use of coffee despite petition by priests to ban the Muslim drink as "the devil's drink". The Pope tried a cup and said it is "so delicious that it would be a pity to let the infidels have exclusive use of it. We shall cheat Satan by baptizing it”

Exploration

1607

Henry Hudson coasts the east coast of Greenland on a long journey, naming "Hold-with-Hope"

Church

1614

Tokugawa Ieyasu bans Christianity from Japan and starts prosecution to any who worship Christianity illegally.

War

1649

First time in history a ruling king is executed by order of elected body, that man is King Charles 1, his head is cut off.

War

1700 - 1721

The Great Northern War was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Russians. Successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Central, Northern, and Eastern Europe.

War

1701 - 1714

The War of the Spanish Succession was fought between European powers, including a divided Spain, over who had the right to succeed Charles II as King of Spain.

Inventions

1709

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the alcohol thermometer which will help more accurately tell the temperature so people will be able to prepare.

Inventions

1712

Thomas Newcomen builds the first steam engine to pump water out of mines by using a piston. This would help advance the speed to transportation and mining and else more.

Exploration

1720

Pedro de Villasur travels from Santa Fe, through what is now part of southeastern Colorado, to the lower Platte in eastern Nebraska.

Inventions

1733

Stephen Hales takes measurements of blood pressure, that will help doctors with all kinds of problems they had.

Inventions

1742

Anders Celsius develops the Centigrade temperature scale that helps tell temperature in a different format.

Inventions

1804

Richard Trevithick invents the railroad system that will allow travel and transportation of goods to be faster for years to come.

Inventions

1856

Refrigeration: Using the principle of vapour compression, James Harrison produced the world's first ice making machine and refrigerator in Geelong, Australia