Timeline 1600's to 1800s

Holy Roman Empire/Germany/Confederation of the Rhine

Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

1588 - 1702

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

1609 - 1619

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Hanoverian Dynasty Starts

1714

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Maria Theresa's Rule

1740 - 1765

Joseph II's Rule

1765 - 1790

Declaration of Pilnitz

1791

Confederation of the Rhine Created

1806 - 1813

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Burchensraften formed

1817 - 1819

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Revolutions of 1848: France, German States, Austria, and Italy

1848

Bismarck's "Iron and Blood" Speech

1862

Danish War

1864

Bismarck Made Chancellor of Germany

1871

William I Crowned German Emperor (Kaiser)

1871

Bismarck's Kulturkampf

1871

German Unification Complete

1871

Congress of Berlin

1878

England

Long Parliament

1640 - 1660

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Charles I Executed

1649

Oliver Cromwell Becomes Lord Protector

1653

Oliver Cromwell Dies

1658

Isaac Newton's "Principia"

1686

Glorious Revolution

1688

Locke's "2nd Treatise of Government"

1689

Act of Union with Scotland

1706 - 1707

William Pitt the Elder becomes Prime Minister

1756

American Revolution

1765 - 1783

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister

1783

Malthus' ideas on population

1798

Act of Union with Ireland

1800

Enclosure Acts

1801

Continental System

1806 - 1814

Luddites Protest against new machines

1811 - 1817

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Ricardo's Iron Law of Wages

1817

Reform Bills

1832

Poor Law of 1834

1834

Queen Victoria Coronation/Abdication

1837

Chartists

1838 - 1850

Irish Potato Famine

1844 - 1846

Corn Laws Repealed

1846

Corn Laws Passed

1846

Marx and Engles "The Communist Manifesto"

1848

Darwin's "Origin of Species"

1859

Jeremy Bentham's ideas about Utiltarianism

1861

Reform Bills

1867

Gladstone Becomes Prime Minister

1868

Reform Bills

1884

Kipling Writes "White Man's Burden"

1899

France

Descarte's "Discorse on Method"

1637

Louis XIV's reign begins

1643

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Versailles is constructed

1661 - 1715

Jean Baptiste Colbert made French Minister of Finance

1665

Montesquieu's "Spirit of the Laws"

1748

Diderot's Encyclopedia

1751

Volitaire's "Candide"

1759

Rousseau's "Emile"

1762

French Classism

1775 - 1825

French Revolution

1787 - 1799

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

1789

Abbe Sieyes "What is the 3rd Estate?"

1789

Tennis Court Oath

1789

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

Declaration of Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

1791

King Louis Executed

1793

Marie Antoinette Executed

1793

Committee of Public Saftey is Established

1793

Robespierre is executed

1794

The Directory

1795 - 1799

Louis Napoleon Elected President

1799

Louis Napoleon -> Napoleon III as Emperor

1799 - 1848

Early Utopian ideas emerge: Charles Fourier, Louis Blanc

1800

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

Code Napoleon Established

1804

Confederation of the Rhine Created

1806 - 1813

Continental System

1806 - 1814

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Louis XVIII's Coronation

1814

Charles Coronation/Abdication

1824

Louis Phillipe Coronation/Abdication

1830

Revolution in 1830 in France

1830

Revolutions of 1848: France, German States, Austria, and Italy

1848

The Bloody June Days

1848

Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'état

1851

Baron Haussmann remodels Paris

1853 - 1870

Third Republic of France

1870

Impressionist Movement

1870

Franco-Prussian War

1870

Paris Commune Resists Prussia

1871

Pasteur's Germ Theory

1877

Post-Impressionism

1880

Boulanger Affair

1886

Dreyfus Affair

1895

Emile Zola's "J' Accuse"

1898

General Europe Changes

Baroque Art movement

1600 - 1700

King Gustavus Adolfus Dies

1632

Rembrandt paints "Night Watch"

1642

Vermeer paints "The Astronomer"

1668

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

Kay's flying shuttle invented

1733

Frederick the Great's rule

1740 - 1786

Prussia

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

Treaty of Paris

1763

Watt's Steam engine invented

1763

Hargreaves Spinning Jenny Invented

1764

Arkwright's Water frame invented

1769

Each of the 3 partitions of Poland

1772

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations"

1776

Cartwright's power loom invented

1785

Each of the 3 partitions of Poland

1793

Each of the 3 partitions of Poland

1795

Romanticism

1800 - 1850

Greek Independence of 1832

1832

Zollverien Formed

1834

Friedrich List's Economic Nationalism

1844

Literary and Artistic Realism

1859 - 1900

Austro-Prussian War

1866

Augsleich (Compromise of 1867)

1867

Russia

Peter the Great's Rule Begins

1696

Northern Wars

1700 - 1721

St. Petersburg is Constructed

1703

Catherine the Great begins her Rule

1762

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773 - 1775

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Alexander II frees Serfs in Russia

1861

Alexander II assassinated

1881

Italian States/Italy

Galileo put on Trial

1633

Mazzini advocates for Italian Unification

1831

Revolutions of 1848: France, German States, Austria, and Italy

1848

Cavour begins unification in Italy

1852

Garibaldi gives S Italy to Cavour to join with the N lands

1860

Victor Emmanuel crowned king of Italy

1861

Italian Unification Complete

1870