Transportation and Infastructure

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National Road Construction period

1811 - 1834

During these 23 years, the plans for the National Road were established and construction took place. President Jefferson signed the National Road act in 1806 and Congress authorized the construction of the first Trans Appalachian road that would connect the young country. Significant because it was the first step to unite the country together.

Erie Canal Construction period

1817

The Erie Canal is a canal in New York that originally ran about 363 miles (584 km) from Albany, New York, on the Hudson River to Buffalo, New York, at Lake Erie. It was built to create a navigable water route from New York City and the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. Cut transport costs by 95%. Significant because it enhanced the U.S economy and boosted foreign trade.

Omnibus (Horse Bus)

1832 - 1890

A horsebus or horse-drawn omnibus is a large, enclosed and sprung horse-drawn vehicle used for passenger transport before the introduction of motor vehicles. It was mainly used in the late 19th century in both the United States and Europe, and was one of the most common means of transportation in cities.These were the fastest ways to transport good and people to their destinations. This is because they laid down track for the trolley so the same horse could now take 3 times as much weight. This eventually gave way to the electric streetcar. First omnibus opened in downtown New York city 1832. Significant because it was the first mode of transportation which seated more than one person.

Transcontinental Railroad Construction period

1863 - 1869

he rail line was built by three private companies: the original Western Pacific Railroad Company between Oakland and Sacramento, California (132 miles (212 km)), the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California eastward from Sacramento to Promontory Summit, Utah Territory (U.T.) (690 miles), and the Union Pacific Railroad Company westward to Promontory Summit from the road's statutory Eastern terminus at Council Bluffs on the eastern shore of the Missouri River opposite Omaha, Nebraska (1,085 miles). This led to the lack of use of the national road. This jump started the American economy because it now allowed crops and other goods to be transported across the country to different markets. Significant because it connected the country together and enhanced the American economy.

Bicycle enthusiast period.

1886 - 2014

During the late 1800's, transportation was horrible and new ways were explored. The horse drawn omnibus was to expensive and many times to nasty to use on a daily basis and cars had not yet become a luxury to the middle class. The Bicycle answered these needs because it was non-pollutant and was affordable enough for everyone to have one. The YUPPIES in the 1970's and 80's used the bicycle for cleaner modes of transportation and for fitness. Significant because it provided the first form of cheap transportation before the Model T.

Electric streetcars (trams)

1888 - 1929

The electric trams were first tested in service in the United States in Richmond, Virginia, in 1888, in the Richmond Union Passenger Railway built by Frank J. Sprague, though the first commercial installation of an electric streetcar in the United States was in Cleveland Ohio, called East Cleveland Railroad Company. Later declined in popularity due to the great depression. Significant because it showed the country the uses of power and how it could be used. Would later inspire the car.

The Bus

1895 - 2014

As newer and newer ways to move people were being discovered, motor buses were taking the stage in the late 1800's. They were a step up from their horse drawn counterparts and could go places the electric streetcar could not. It's popularity went down in the depression but came back after that time period. Significant because it provided the first cheap public transportation service.

Underground Transit

1897 - 2014

The Underground Transit was first introduced in the U.S in Boston in the year of 1897. It is still in use today. It is significant because it allowed people to get to places faster and it was the first fully electric transportation system in the U.S to be used on a daily basis. Allowed for electricity to be used as a source of energy for transportation.

Airplanes

1903 - 2014

The first real airplane(one that could sustain long periods of flight) was developed by the Wright brothers in 1903. They have been used in almost every war since it's discovery and they are still in use now for passengers and wars as well. Significant because it showed the world that aviation was a realistic way to travel.

Model T

1908 - 1927

The model T was designed and produced at the Ford Motor Company. It is widely regarded as the world's first affordable car. This allowed middle class people to buy and use cars without breaking the bank. It was homogeneously popular until the great depression in 1929 hit. This caused the sales of the car to go close to zero. Significant because it provided the middle class with a affordable vehicle.

Submarines

1914 - 1991

The Submarine was a tool used by the U.S to wage war on the oceans. It is Significant because it allowed the U.S navy to attack enemies in WW1, WW2, and the Cold War. Also has civic uses.

USS Nautilus

1954 - 1980

The USS Nautilus is the worlds first nuclear powered submarine. It was designed to travel further than any other submarine and was primarily designed as a weapon against the spread of communism during the cold war. Significant because it showed the other ways nuclear power could be used instead of just as weapons of mass destruction.

Interstate Highway System Construction

1956 - 1991

The construction of a system of roads across the country was authorized by President Eisenhower when he signed the Federal Aid Highway Act in 1956, as a result, the system is named after him. This system provided the country with a system that would make travel easier and as a result shape the country. Significant because it connected the country in all directions.

Apollo 11

1969

This was the first aircraft to land on the moon. It revolutionized space aviation because it showed scientists and engineers the flaws in the design and they eventually built upon it to make better crafts suited for space travel. This was significant because it boosted the country's moral that they had finally beat the Russians in a space venture and made the feelings of the Cold War more bearable.

The Big Dig

1991 - 2006

The Big Dig was the most expensive highway project in the U.S. and was plagued by escalating costs, scheduling overruns, leaks, design flaws, charges of poor execution and use of substandard materials, criminal arrests,and one death. The project was originally scheduled to be completed in 1998 at an estimated cost of $2.8 billion (in 1982 dollars, US$6.0 billion adjusted for inflation as of 2006). Took place in the city of Boston. It was designed to stop the traffic congestion in Boston. Significant because it provided a better way to travel with cars in bigger more populated cities.