First racial catagorization in Sri Lanka. Up country and Low country sinhalese ceylon and Indian Tamils Ceylon and Coast Moors Malays Veddas Dutch and Portugese Burghers.
First English control of whole island
With the conquering of the Kandyn Kingdom
1822 - 1879
Hindu Polemicist. Christian educated, created a counter argument to the budhist revival and reinvigrated a Tamil identity.
Legislative Council 1833
Legislative Council by British with one Sinhalese one Burghese and One Tamil representive
1864 - 1933
Sinahilise, Buddhist monk and scholar. Racist view of King Vijaya starting Sinhala in Sri Lanka. Politicised Buddhist monks.
1st Legislative representitive is a Tamil
Ponambalan Ramanathan, high cast over low cast.
Ceylon National Congress (CNC) created
Elite sinhalese and Tamils, Tamil president
Donoughmore constitution is an elitist experimental participatory democray. Must be a 5 year resident, pass a literacy test or own property.
Gov. Dismissed Indian Workers
In an attempt to Ceylonize the country, the gove dismissed 2,518 Indian WOrkers .
1944 - 1945
Soulbury commission by english to create an independent constution. CTC anti british ystem so not to discriminate tamils, wanted 50/50. Did not pass. Favored territorial representation and majoritarian representation.
Fedral Party founded by Chelvanayakam
Created from All Ceylon Tamil Congress. Nonviolent approach.
UNP Deny "indian" Tamils citizenship
1956 - 1959
Political Chauvinism. Sinhalise speaking.
Bandaranaike- Chelvanayakam Pact
Would have created a fedralist system
Satyagraha Bhikkus - end of pact - Begenning of Non Violent Liberation of Tamils
Violent left wing uprising from sourth by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna. YOung educated Sinhalese Buddhists dissatisified eith unemployment and a not socielest enough govenment. Brutally supressed by Mrs. Bandaranaike's gov.
Buddhism placed at center of Sri Lankan state
Took out clause protecting minorities.
Opens politics for more radical tamil activists
Anti Tamil Riots
Because of J. R. Jayawardene the first presidents policis. TULF wanted liberation.
Gaullist style executive.
Prevention of Terrorism Act
Detention for up to 18 months for anyone suspected of any unlawful activity. Suspended parlement and extended his term for 6 years.
egged on by anti Tamil riots, Thousands of Tamils killed, many fled. Jayawardene supported the riots, saying it was the will of the people.
Supporters of separate state not allowed in parliament. Kept TULF out of gov.
Indo-Sri Lankan Peace Accord
29 July 1987
Singned between Sri Lankan Gov. and India. DID NOT INCLUDE TAMIL PARTIES. Indian Peacekeeping forces arrived to oversee the voluntary disamrmament of the LTTE in 72 hours. Altough India trained them they did not know how many weapons supplied. LTTE used time to kill rivals. Govretialated, killing 40-60 thousand.