Twentieth century American political eras

President

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Warren G. Harding

1921 - 1923

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Harry S. Truman

1945 - 1953

Dwight D. Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

John F. Kennedy

1961 - 1963

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963 - 1969

Richard Nixon

1969 - 1974

Gerald Ford

1974 - 1977

Jimmy Carter

1977 - 1981

Ronald Reagan

1981 - 1989

George H. W. Bush

1989 - 1993

Bill Clinton

1993 - 2001

Political Party

Republican

1901 - 1913

Democratic

1913 - 1921

Republican

1921 - 1933

Democratic

1933 - 1953

Republican

1953 - 1961

Democratic

1961 - 1969

Republican

1969 - 1977

Democratic

1977 - 1981

Republican

1981 - 1993

Democratic

1993 - 2001

Important Events

Roosevelt begins conservation of forests

1902

Roosevelt asserts U.S. right to intervene in Latin America

1904

NAACP in NYC

1909

Fundamentalism begins with "Five Points"

1910

WWI

1914 - 1918

Blacks migrate north and west

1917

Selective Service Act creates draft

1917

Versailles Peace Treaty

1919

League of Nations

1919

19th Amendment gives women right to vote

1920

18th Amendment prohibits alcohol

1920

Stock Market crashes

1929

Bureau of Indian Affairs reformed; sales of Indian lands halted

1933

Roosevelt begins "New Deal"

1933

Social Security Act provides retirement insurance

1935

Japan surprise attack on Pearl Harbor

1941

U.S. A-bombs Japan

1945

Marshall Plan

1947

Communism quashed in US

1948 - 1954

Congress terminates more than 60 tribes as political units

1954 - 1962

AFL and CIO merge

1955

Supreme Court orders school desegregation

1955

Blacks boycott buses in Montgomery

1955

Civil Rights movement

1960 - 1965

Peace Corps

1961

Kennedy assassinated

1963

Civil Rights Act restores tribal law to reservations

1964

Demonstrations against Vietnam War

1965 - 1970

Hippie movement

1966 - 1969

Sixties energy wins specific battles: feminism, ecology...

1970 - 1980

Nixon resigns over Watergate

1973 - 1974

War Powers Act

1973

Jerry Falwell founds the Moral Majority

1978

"War on Drugs" jails 1/5 of young black men

1980 - 1990

Reagan proposes Star Wars and increases military funding

1983

Gulf War is first U.S. reduction of a regional power

1991

Welfare reform

1996

Robust economy creates longest prosperity in U.S. history

1997

Budget goes into surplus

1999