1600-1800

England

Long Parliament

1640

English Civil War

1642 - 1651

Charles I executed

1649

Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector

1649

Oliver Cromwell dies

1658

Isaac Newton's Principia

1686

Glorious Revolution

1688

Locke's 2nd Treatise of Government

1689

Act of Union with Scotland

1707

Hanoverian Dynasty begins

1714

Kay's flying shuttle invented

1733

Enclosure Acts

1750 - 1850

Hargreave's spinning jenny invented

1764

William Pitt the Elder becomes Prime Minister

1766

Arkwright's water frame invented

1769

Watt's steam engine invented

1775

Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations

1776

Jeremy Bentham's ideas about utilitarianism

1781

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister

1782

Cartwright's power loom invented

1784

Matlhus' ideas on population

1798

Act of Union with Ireland

1801

Luddites protest against new machines

1811 - 1817

Corn Laws passed

1815

Ricardo's Iron Law of Wages

1817

Reform Bill of 1832

1832

Poor Law of 1834

1834

Queen Victoria's rule

1838 - 1901

Chartists

1838 - 1850

Irish Potato Famne

1845 - 1852

Corn Laws repealed

1846

Reform Bill of 1867

1867

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister

1868

Reform Bill of 1884

1884

France

French Classicism

1600 - 1700

Descartes' Discourse on Method

1637

Louis XIV's reign begins

1643 - 1715

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Jean Baptiste Colbert made Minister of Finance

1665

Versailles is constructed

1682

Montesquieu's Spirit of the Laws

1748

Diderot's Encyclopedia

1751

Voltaire's Candide

1759

French Revolution

1787 - 1799

Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

1789

Tennis Court Oath

1789

What is the Third Estate?

1789

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

Declaration of Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

1791

King Louis XVI executed

1793

Committee of Public Safety

1793

Marie Antoinette executed

1793

Robespierre is executed

1794

The Directory

1795

Louis XVIII's coronation

1795

Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'etat

1799

Napoleonic Code

1805

Charles X's rule

1824 - 1830

Revolution of 1830

1830

Louis Phillip (the Bourgeois King) rule

1830 - 1848

Bloody June Days

1848

literary and artistic realism

1850 - 1900

Louis Napoleon elected president

1851

Louis Napoleon named Emperor Napoleon III

1852

Baron Haussmann remodels Paris

1853 - 1870

Paris Commune resists Prussia

1871

Third Republic of France

1875

Boulanger Affair

1886 - 1889

Dreyfus Affair

1895

Emile Zola's J'Accuse

1898

Holy Roman Empire/Confederation of the Rhine/Germany

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

1609 - 1619

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

King Gustavus Adolphus dies

1632

Galileo put on trial

1633

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Maria Theresa's rule

1740 - 1780

Frederick the Great's rule

1740 - 1786

Joseph II's rule

1780 - 1790

Declaration of Pillnitz

1791

Confederation of the Rhine created

1806

Burschenscaften formed

1815

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

Friedrich List's economic nationalism

1830

Zollverein formed

1834

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Bismark's "iron and blood" speech

1862

Danish War

1864

Germany unified

1871

William I crowned kaiser

1871

Bismarck made chancellor of Germany

1871

Congress of Berlin

1878

Bismarck's Kulturkampf

1890

Italian States/Italy

Cavour begins unifying Italy

1858

Mazzini advocates for Italian unification

1860

Garibaldi gives S. Italy to Cavour

1861

Victor Emmanuel crowned king of Italy

1861

Italy unified

1870

Russia

Peter the Great's rule begins

1682 - 1725

Northern Wars

1700 - 1721

St. Petersburg is constructed

1703

Catherine the Great begins her rule

1762

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773 - 1775

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Alexander II frees the serfs

1861

Alexander II assassinated

1881

Europe

Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

1588 - 1702

Baroque art movement

1600 - 1700

Rembrandt paints Night Watch

1642

Vermeer paints The Astronomer

1668

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Treaty of Utrecht

1713 - 1714

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Seven Years War

1754 - 1763

Rousseau's Emile

1762

Treaty of Paris

1763

American Revolution

1775 - 1793

Romanticism

1775 - 1850

3 Partitions of Poland

1795

early utopian socialist ideas emerge

1800 - 1825

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

Continental System

1806

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Greek independence of 1832

1832

Revolutions of 1848

1848

Marx & Engels' The Communist Manifesto

1848

Crimean War

1854 - 1856

Pasteur's germ theory

1857

Darwin's Origin of Species

1859

Austro-Prussian War

1866

compromise of Augsleich (Austria Hungary)

1867

Impressionist movement

1870 - 1880

Franco Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Post-Impressionism

1880 - 1890

Kipling writes White Man's Burden

1899