Untitled timeline

Main

Zahir Shah

1933

Zahir Shah becomes king. The new king brings a semblance of stability to the country and he rules for the next 40 years.

Britian withdraws from India

1947

Britain withdraws from India, creating the predominantly Hindu but secular state of India and the Islamic state of Pakistan. The nation of Pakistan includes a long, largely uncontrollable, border with Afghanistan.

Amirs Mom

1963 - 1964

Amir’s mom died giving birth to him

Hassan

1964

Hassan was born

Khan overthrows the last king

1973

Khan overthrows the last king, Mohammed Zahir Shah, in a military coup. Khan’s regime, the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, comes to power. Khan abolishes the monarchy and names himself president. The Republic of Afghanistan is established with firm ties to the USSR.

Relocated

1975

Relocated to Florida

Newly formed Islamic militia

1995

Newly formed Islamic militia, the Taliban, rises to power on promises of peace.

The Taliban publicly executes Najibullah

1997

Ethnic groups in the north, under Masood’s Northern Alliance, and the south, aided in part by Hamid Karzai, continue to battle the Taliban for control of the country.

Masood

Sept 9, 2001

Masood, still head of the Northern Alliance and the nation’s top insurgent, is killed by assassins posing as journalists.

Washington D.C.

Sept 11 2001

Hijackers commandeer four commercial airplanes and crash them into the World Trade Center Towers in New York, the Pentagon outside Washington, D.C., and a Pennsylvania field, killing thousands. Days later, U.S. officials say bin Laden, the Saudi exile believed to be hiding in Afghanistan, is the prime suspect in the attack.