AP Art History

Art History Timeline

Stone Age

30000 BCE - 2500 BCE

Cave painting, fertility goddesses, megalithic structures

Mesopotamian

3500 BCE - 539 BCE

Warrior art and narration in stone relief

Egyptian

3100 BCE - 30 BCE

Art with an afterlife focus: pyramids and tomb painting

Greek and Hellenistic

850 BCE - 31 BCE

Greek idealism: balance, perfect proportions; architectural orders (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian)

Roman

500 BCE - 476 CE

Roman realism: practical and down to earth; the arch

Byzantine and Islamic

476 - 1453

Heavenly Byzantine mosaics; Islamic architecture and amazing maze-like design

Middle Ages

500 - 1400

Celtic art, Carolingian Renaissance, Romanesque, Gothic

Early and High Renaissance

1400 - 1550

Rebirth of classical culture

Venetian and Northern Renaissance

1430 - 1550

The renaissance spreads northward to France, Poland, Germany, and England

Mannerism

1527 - 1580

Art that breaks the rules; artifice over nature

Baroque

1600 - 1750

Splendor and flourish for God; art as a weapon in the religious wars

Neoclassical

1750 - 1850

Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur

Romanticism

1780 - 1850

The triumph of imagination and individuality

Realism

1848 - 1900

Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting

Impressionism

1865 - 1885

Capturing fleeting effects of natural light

Post-impressionism

1885 - 1910

A soft revolt against Impressionism

Fauvism and Expressionism

1900 - 1935

Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting form

Cubism, Futurism, Supermativism, Constructivism, De Stijl

1905 - 1920

Pre-and Post-World War I art experiments; new forms to express modern life

Dada and Surrealism

1917 - 1950

Absurd art; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious

Abstract and Expressionism

1940 - 1950

Post-World War II: pure abstraction and expression without form; popular art absorbs consumerism

Postmodernism, Deconstructivism, Superrealism

1970

Art without a center and reworking and mixing past styles