17th-19th Century

England

Act of Union with Scotland

1603

Long Parliament

1640

English Civil War

1642

Charles I executed

1649

Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protectector

1653

Oliver Cromwell dies

1658

Isaac Newton "Principia"

1687

Glorious Revolution

1688

Locke's "2nd Treatise of Government"

1689

Watt's steam engine invented

1698

Enclosure Acts

1700

Kay's flying shuttle invented

1753

Hargreaves Spinning Jenny invented

1764

William Pitt the Elder becomes Prime Minister

1766

Arkwright's water frame invented

1768

Jeremy Bentham's ideas about Utilitarianism

1770

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations"

1776

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister

1783

Cartwright's power loom invented

1785

Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

1789

Declaration of Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

1794

Malthus' ideas on population

1798

Act of Union with Ireland

1800

Luddites protest against new machines

1811

Corn Laws passed

1815

Ricardo's Iton Law of Wages

1817

Reform Bills of 1832

1832

Poor Law of 1834

1834

Chartists

1838

Queen Victoria Coronation/ Abdication

1838 - 1864

Corn Laws repealed

1846

Reform Bills of 1867

1867

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister in Britain

1868

Reform Bills of 1884

1884

France

Verssailles is constucted

1624

Descarte's "Discourse on Method"

1637

Louis XIV's reign begins

1643

The Fronde

1648

French Classicism

1650

Jean Baptistecolbert made French Minister of Finance

1668

Montesquie's "Spirit of the Laws"

1748

Diderot's "Encyclopedia"

1751

Voltaire's "Candide"

1759

Rousseau's "Emile"

1762

Treaty of Paris

1763

Abbe Sieyes "What is the Third Estate"

1789

French Revolution

1789

Tennis Court Oath

1789

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

King Louis XVI executed

1793

Marie Antoinette executed

1793

Committee of Public Saftey est.

1793

Robespierre is executed

1794

The Directory

1795

Napoleon bonaparte's coup d'etat

1799

Romanticism

1800

Napoleonic Wars

1803

Code Napoleon est.

1804

Louis XVIII Coronation

1814

Charles X Coronation/ Abdication

1825 - 1850

Louis Phillip Coronation/ Abdication

1830 - 1848

Revolution of 1830 in France

1830

The Bloody June Days

1848

Louis Napoleon elected president

1848

Litterary and Artistic Realism

1850

Louis Napoleon becomes Emperor Napoleon III

1852

Baron Haussman remodels Paris

1853

Third Republic of France

1870

Boulanger Affair

1887

Dreyfus Affair

1894

Emile Zola's "J'Accuse"

1898

HRE/Germany

Kepler's laws of Planetary Motion

1619

King Gustavus Adolphus dies

1632

Hanoverian Dynasty begins

1714

Declaration of Pillnitz

1791

Confederation of the Rhine created

1806

Friedrich List's Economic Nationalism

1815

Burschenscaften formed

1815

Zollverein formed

1834

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

William I crowned German Emperor

1861

Bismarck's "Iron and blood" speech

1862

Bismarck's Kulturkampf

1864

Bismarck made chancellor of Germany

1871

German Unification complete

1871

Congress of Berlin

1878

Italy

Baroque Art movement

1600

Galileo put on trial

1633

Garibaldi gives S. Italy to Cavour to join with the N. lands

1848

Cavour begins unification process in Italy

1848

Mazzini advoctes for Italian Unification

1851

Victor Emmanuel crowned king of Italy

1861

Italian Unification complete

1870

Impressionist Movement

1870

Post-Impressionism

1885

Russia

St. Petersburg is constructed

1703

Peter the Great's rule begins

1721

Catherine the Great begins her rule

1762

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Alexander II frees serfs

1861

Alexander II assassinated

1881

General

Thirty Years War

1618

Rembrandt paints "Night Watch"

1642

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

1648

Vermeer paints "The Astronomer"

1668

Northern Wars

1700

War of Spanish Succession

1701

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

Frederick the Great's rule

1740

War of Austrian Succession

1740

Maria Theresa's rule

1740

Seven Years War

1754

Josph II's rule

1765

Each of the 3 partitions in Poland

1772

American Revolution

1775

Each of the 3 partitions in Poland

1793

Each of the 3 partitions in Poland

1795

Continental System

1806

Congress of Vienna

1814

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

Greek Independence

1832

Irish Potato Famine

1845

Early Utopian Socialist ideas emerge

1848

Revolutions of 1848

1848

Marx and Engels"The Communist Manifesto"

1848

Crimean War begins/ends

1853 - 1856

Danish War

1859

Darwin's "Origin of Species"

1859

Pasteur's Germ Theory

1862

Austro-Prussian War

1866

Augsleich

1867

Paris Commune resists Prussia

1871

Franco-Prussian War

1878

Kipling writes "White Man's Burden"

1899