biology timeline

England

Enclosure Acts

1604

Long Parliament

1641

English Civil War

1642 - 1646

Charles I executed

1648

Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector

1649

Oliver Cromwell dies

1653

Glorious Revolution

1688

Hanoverian Dynasty begins

1714

Kay's Flying Shuttle Invented

1733

Hargreave's Spinning Jenny invented

1764

Arkwright's water frame invented

1769

Watts steam engine invented

1775

Cartwright's Spinning Jenny invented

1785

Luddites protest against new machines

1811

Reform Bills of 1832/1867/1884

1832

Queen Victoria coronation

1837

Corn laws passed

1846

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister in Britain

1868

Third Republic of France

1870

Queen Victoria abdication

1901

France

Louis XIV's reign begins

1643

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Versailles Constructed

1660

Jean Baptiste Colbert made French Minister of Finance

1660

War of Spanish Sucession

1702

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

Abbe Sieyes "What is the Third Estate?"

1748

Frederich List's Economic Nationalism

1789

French Revolution

1789

Tennis Court Oath

1789

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

1789

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

1790

Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

1791

Declaration of Pillnitz

1791

King Louis Executed

1793

Marie Antoinette executed

1793

Robespierre is excecuted

1794

Committee of Public Safety established

1794

The Directory

1795

Napoleon Bonaparte's coup-de'tat

1799

Baron Haussman remodels Paris

1800

Code Napoleon established

1801

Napoleonic Wars

1805

Confederation of the Rhine

1806

Louis XVIII Coronation

1814

Congress of Vienna

1814

Charles X coronation

1824

Revolution of 1830

1830

Louis Phillip coronation

1830

Charles X abdication

1830

The Bloody June Days

1848

Louis Phillip abdication

1848

Louis Napoleon elected president

1848

Louis Napoleon -> Napoleon III as emperor

1851

Pasteur's Germ Theory

1861

Holy Roman Empire --> Germany

Thirty Years War

1618

King Gustavus Adolphus dies

1632

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Frederick the Great's rule

1740 - 1786

War of Austrian Sucession

1740 - 1748

Maria Theresa's rule

1740 - 1780

Seven Year's War

1756 - 1763

Treaty of Paris

1763

Joseph II's rule

1780 - 1790

Burschenschaften formed

1815

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

Zollverein formed

1833

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Bismark's "iron and blood" speech

1862

Danish war

1864

Austro-Prussian war

1866

Augsleich (Compromise of 1867)

1867

Franco-Prussian war

1870

Bismark's Kulturkampf

1871

Germany Unification Complete

1871

William I crowned German Emperor

1871

Italian States

Mazzini advocates for Italian unification

1831

Garibaldi gives S. Italy to Cavour to join with the N. lands

1848

Cavour begins unification process in Italty

1848

Victor Emmanuel crowned king of Italy

1861

Italian Unification complete

1871

General Europe Changes

Baroque Art Movement

1575

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

1596

Galileo put on trial

1633

Descarte's "Discourse on Method"

1637

Rembrandt paints "Night Watch"

1642

Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

1648

Vermeer paints "The Astronomer"

1668

Issac Newton's "Principia"

1686

Locke's 2nd "Treastie of Government"

1689

Northern Wars

1700

Act of Union with Scotland

1707

Montesquieu's "Spirit of the Laws"

1748

Diderot's "Encyclopedia"

1751

Willian Pitt the Elder becomes Prime Minister

1756

Voltair's "Candide"

1759

Rousseau's "Emile"

1762

1st Partition of Poland

1772

French Classicism

1775

American Revolution

1775

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations"

1776

Malthus's idea on population

1776

Early Utopian Socialist ideas emerge

1780

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister

1783

2nd Partition of Poland

1793

3rd Partition of Poland

1795

Act of Union woth Ireland

1801

Continential System

1807

Ricardo's iron law of wages

1817

Betham's ideas about Utilitarianism

1832

Greek independence

1832

Poor law of 1834

1834

Chartists

1836

Literary and Artistic Realism

1840

Romanticism

1840

Irish potato famine

1845

Corn laws repealed

1846

Marx & Engles "Communist Manifesto"

1848

Revolutions of 1848

1848

Darwin's "Origin of Species"

1859

Congress of Berlin

1878

Post-Impressionism

1880

Impresionist Movement

1880

Boulanger Affair

1886

Dreyfus Affair

1894

Emile Zola's "J'Accuse"

1898

Kipling Writes "White Man's Burden"

1899

Russia

Peter the Great's rule begins

1689

St. Petersburg constructed

1703

Catherine the Great begins her rule

1762

Pugachev's Rebelliion

1773

Decemberist revolt

1825

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Alexander II frees serfs

1861

Alexander II assasinated

1881