Modern European History - Treaty of Versailles to Prague Spring

Political

Treaty of Versailles

1919

Set forth punishment and regulations for Germany after World War I to avoid similar atrocities in Europe in the future. Source: Sources, pg. 427

World War II

1939 - 1945

The global conflict that especially encapsulated Europe and caused mass destruction and unrest. Source: Textbook.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization Formed

1949

International alliance formed to help curtail any more world wars, including the growing threat of the Soviet Union. Source: Textbook

Paris Pacts

1954

gave some of West Germany’s power back, such as ability to build an army (on obvious move to get help for the west if and when conflict finally arrives with the USSR). Source: Textbook

Czechoslovakia “Prague Spring”

1968

The unrest and desire for political freedom in Eastern Europe was so great that Czechoslovakia brought in a new leader and government without the USSR’s approval. They were so fed up with having no freedom that they voted out their current communist ruler even though they knew it was virtually suicide even though they tried to make it clear that they were still loyal to the Soviets. The soviets continued their totalitarian rule and immediately entered Czechoslovakia and violently crushed the uprising. Source: Sources

Cutural

A Culture of Paranoia and Coercion- Vladimir Tchernavin

1930

Stalin initiated a massive security apparatus that invaded all of life and culture in the USSR where a culture of fear grew and led to mass paranoia and punishment. Source: Sources, pg. 442

Heinrich Hauser- With the Une,ployed in Germany

1933

The unemployment rate has reached 40 percent and has greatly affected the everyday lives and culture of Europe. You can see the depressed culture of the time through the art work, such as German Party Poster. The depression led to obviously a depressed culture. Source: Sources, pg. 436

The First Steps Toward a Final Solution

1941

In 1941 the culture in Germany greatly shifted to the point where Jews were now openly prosecuted and anti-semitism was part of the culture. Source: Sources, pg. 452

"The Wretched of the Earth" - Frantz Fanon

1961

This piece shows just how much the culture of the enlightenment where reason and justice were seen as inborn human traits to this period of time where society was seen in a much darker light. Source: Sources, pg. 467

The Stalinist Gulag

1962

The culture in the USSR shifted greatly after Stalin's death and allowed more artistic and press freedoms. This can be seen through Alexander Solzhenitsyn's "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich." Source: Sources, pg. 459

Individual and Collective Rights

Alfred Rosenberg Gives Speech: "The Jewish Question as a World Problem"

1941

In this speech Rosenberg declares that not only will German not be a Jewish state, but that the Jews should be eliminated. Major turning point where it was announced to the public that Jews will be systematically and publicly oppressed. Source: Sources, pg. 452

Nuremberg Trials

1945

Prosecuted the war criminals of World War II and set up guidelines and human rights that cannot be broken in future wars. Source:http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/nuremberg-trials

Northern Ireland Civil Rights Movement

1967

Catholics in Ireland were greatly oppressed and segregated by the protestant majority. Catholics protested and marched which gained national attention and was a major step towards equal rights in Ireland. Source:http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/northern_ireland/understanding/events/civil_rights.stm