1900-1960

Political

President McKinley Assassinated

September 6, 1901

McKinley was greeting the public at the Pan-American Exposition in New York. When the president shook hands with a man named Leon Czolgosz, Czolgosz fired his gun, killing President McKinley.

WWI

July 28, 1914 - June 28, 1919

It was a war fulled by nationalism, social Darwinism, and the desire for overseas colonies. It ended up causing more damage than the conflicts were worth.

Lusitania Sunk

May 7, 1915

A German U-boat launched an underwater torpedo that hit the British ocean liner, Lusitania and sunk it. This event is know as the reason for the US entering WWI

Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919

The peace treaty between Germany and the Allies was signed, officially ending WWI. The treaty placed Germany under many difficult conditions, and the tension created from those conditions was the beginning of WWII.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

August 23, 1939

Hitler was beginning his plan for WWII, in order to avoid Germany from fighting a two-front war, he signed a non-aggression pact with the Soviets. He later attacked the Soviet Union which greatly weakened Nazi-Germany and put himself in a two-front war.

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

The United States had been in an ongoing negotiation process with Japan, and when Japan couldn't take it anymore they administered an air attack on the Navel Base in Pearl Harbor. This attack was a surprise to the US and made them so angry the US decided to enter WWII.

Castro Becomes Cuban Dictator

July, 1959

Fidel Castro had began his attempt to overthrow General Batista seven years earlier. Eventually after spending two years in jail, and learning guerrilla warfare in Mexico, Castro and his followers were successful in taking over Cuba.

Cultural

First Nobel Prize

1901

Alfred Nobel, a chemist from Sweden who created dynamite, was not happy with being remembered from creating something so deadly and destructive. In order to change that he left most of his money to five prizes in different fields of study.

Assembly Line

Dec 1, 1913

Henry Ford was a car manufacturer who wanted to make automobiles cheap enough so they could become a common household item. He developed the process of the assembly line, where instead of a few people building one car at a time, they were able to manufacture and assemble individual parts which made the process much cheaper and more efficient. His creation is still used today, and was a significant stride for mas production.

Discovery of Insulin

Jan 11, 1922

Fredrick Banting, was a medical researcher who first studied what we now call diabetes, in dogs. He was able to lower the dogs blood pressure by isolating insulin and injecting them. About a year later his process was successfully used on humans.

Baseball Home-Run Record Created

September 27, 1927

Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig were teammates on the New York Yankees. The two men were competing from the most home-runs during the 1927 major league baseball season. The men were neck-and-neck until that September when Gehrig slowed down and Ruth went on to hit a total of 60 home-runs.

First Color TV Brodcast

June 25, 1951

The first colored television show was aired in four cities, unfortunately very few people could actually watch the program in color because most TVs only worked in black and white.

First Live Animal in Space

November 3, 1957

The Soviet Union and the United States were in the space race, both trying to become the most powerful in space. The October before this event the Soviets successful launch the first satellite into space. One month later they but a dog named Laika on board their second satellite. The dog survived the launch and made it into space, but they didn't have a plan to bring her home, so she never made it back,

Rights

Wome's Social and Political Union

1903 - 1914

Founded by Emmeline Pankhurst, the WSPU was a British women's suffrage group who created a lot of destruction throughout Great Brittan. Many of them went to prison and where they went on hunger strikes. The start of WWI was the end of their movement.

NAACP Began

Feb 12, 1909

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was created with racial equality in mind. The NAACP went on to fight for the rights of multicultural people throughout the country.

Nuremberg Laws Passed

September 15, 1935

In Germany the laws made every Jew no longer a citizen and they made it illegal for a Jew and a non-Jew to have sex or get married. These laws placed Jewish people into a racial group rather than religious. It was the beginning of the end of rights for Jewish Germans.

U.S. Outlaws Segregation

May 17, 1954

After the Supreme Court case, Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, the US had separate but equal laws.It wasn't until the Supreme Court ruling on Brown v. Board of Education did segregation become illegal. It lead to the first desegreated school, where Mini Jean Brown, had won her right to go to school with white kids. Brown and 8 others all enrolled in the school, and although the law had outlawed segregation, the public had a long way to go before they would accept it.

Rosa Parks Takes a Seat

December 1, 1955

After a long day at work Rosa Parks was on her way home when a white man entered the bus. The law was that blacks had to sit in the back, and if a white person entered they must give up their seats. Parks decided that she wasn't going to move for the man, and was arrested for defying the separate but equal laws. Her act of defiance is said to be the start of the civil rights movement.