AP European History

General Events

World War 1

August 1914 - November 1918

Triple Entente (England, Russia, France) vs Triple Alliance (Italy, Austria-Hungary, Germany). U.S. joins Entente later.

Treaty of Versailles

1919

England

Entente Cordiale

1904

w France

Triple Entente Formed

1907

Germany is surrounded.

War against Germany

August 4 1914

France

Franco-Russian Alliance

1894

Come to each other's defense if Triple Alliance attacked them.

Entente Cordiale

1904

w England

Triple Entente Formed

1907

Germany is surrounded.

Russia

Franco-Russian Alliance

1894

Come to each other's defense if Triple Alliance attacked them.

Russo-Japanese War

February 1904 - September 1905

Fought so Russia can build trans-Siberian railroad. Russia loses.

Triple Entente Formed

1907

Germany is surrounded.

First Balkan War

1912

Russia helps Balkan League defeat Turkey. Great Powers negates gain. Russia is humiliated. Balkan League frustrated.

Mobilizes Army

July 30 1914

Prepare for war

February Revolution

March 1917

Alexander II abdicates, Provisional Govt and Petrograd Soviet divide power.

Bolshevik Revolution

November 1917

Creation of Soviet Russia

Civil War

1918 - 1920

Reds vs Whites

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

March 3 1918

Ended participation in WWI. Gave up W. Russia to Germany in exchange for removal from War.

U.S.A.

Joins Triple Entente

April 1917

Prompted by Lusitania sinking

Germany

German State Created

1871

Double Alliance

1879

With Austria-Hungary. Mutual defense if either country is attacked

War against Russia

August 1 1914

War against France

August 3 1914

Invades Belgium to get into France (Schlieffen Plan)

Sinking of Lusitania

1915

End of restricted sub warfare

Spain

Austria-Hungary

Control of Bosnia and Herzegovina

1878

Taken when Bulgaria revolted from Turkey. Russian ambition for Balkans is frustrated

Double Alliance

1879

Mutual defense if either country is attacked by Russia.

Second Balkan War

1913

Bulgaria loses to Serbia. Austria-Hungary denies Serbian access to Adriatic Sea. Balkan League upset with Austria-Hungary

Francis Ferdinand Assassinated

June 28 1914

Austrian heir Archduke Francis Ferdinand assassinated by Serbian anarchist Gavrilo Princip

Ultimatum to Serbia

July 23 1914

to redress killing heir

War against Serbia

July 28 1914

Ottomon Empire joins Central Powers

August 1914

Italy

Triple Alliance

1882

Italy, Germany, Austria-Hungary

Joins Triple Entente

1915