1908-1968 European Timeline

Political

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Jun 28, 1914

The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand gave Austria the excuse to attack Serbia which eventually would lead to full scale trench warfare across Europe.

McKay, John P., ed. A History of Western Society. 11th ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

Woodrow Wilson's "The Fourteen Points"

1918

Wilson proposes policies that he believes should be enforced in the treaty after WWI.

McKay, John` P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

The Treaty of Versailles

Jun 28, 1919

The Treaty that ended WWI signed by the Big Three (U.S., France, and Great Britain) without the input of Russia or Germany.

McKay, John P., ed. A History of Western Society. 11th ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

John Maynard Keynes's "The Economic Consequences of the Peace"

1920

Keyne's document in which he explains the economic mistakes that occurred after the Treaty of Versailles which did not include extensive economic policies for the rehabilitation of Europe's finances.

McKay, John` P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

George C. Marshal's "An American Plan to Rebuild Shattered Europe" Speech

Jun 5, 1947

Marshal delivers a speech to graduating Harvard students promoting the rehabilitation of Europe economy by donating billions.

McKay, John P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

Cultural

Global Migration

1908 - 1932

A massive migration of Europeans around the globe continuing through the early 1900's.

McKay, John P., ed. A History of Western Society. 11th ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

Vladimir Tchernavin's "I Speak for the Silent"

1930

Tchernavin explains the state of paranoia that citizens felt under Stalin and Soviet rule. There was fear of death if one was to disagree with Communist ideals.

McKay, John P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

The Hungarian Uprising

1956

A group of students in Budapest protest during a Communist Party rally and make one of the most notable rebellions against Communism to that point.

Liptak, Bela. A Testament of Revolution. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2001, 25-29. Print.

Student Protesting

1960 - 1968

Students on college campuses across Europe and the U.S. have an outbreak in the number of protests and political activism.

Fraser, Ronald. 1968: A Student Generation in Revolt. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988, 9-12. Print.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn's "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"

1962

Solzhenitsyn describes the gulag terror camps by recalling his own experiences after he was sentenced in 1945.

McKay, John P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

Rights

Women's Roles and Rights during WWI

1914 - 1918

Women assume the roles of men when men are sent off to war. This causes women to become politically active and fight for their own personal female rights throughout the 1900s.

McKay, John P., ed. A History of Western Society. 11th ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

Simone De Beauvoir's "The Second Sex"

1949

De Beauvoir demands that women receive more economical rights in society.

McKay, John` P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.

Betty Friedan's "Statement of Purpose"

1966

Friedan and the National Organization for Women demand equal rights for women in all aspects of life during this era of second-wave feminism.

McKay, John` P. Sources for Western Society. 3rd ed. Vol. 2. Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2014. Print.