All had to be based on this painting to keep her youthful- stopping anguish of unnamed successor.
Depression after many of her friends die.
Convocation also met
Secret meetings said to be imrpoving Bishop's clerical knowledge. Grindal refused to suppress them and went under house arrest.
Elizabeth must be seen as rightful Queen.
Also known as Secular Priests. Could take Confession. Aim to rekindle Catholocism. More loyal to Elizabeth. 4 in 1574- 100+ in 1580.
Radical Catholics. Under Pope's instruction. Used meditation. Campion and Parsons= first two.
Secret Clergy meetings
Fines and had Campion excecuted. Also Act against Seditious Rumours and words.
40 days to leave. 156 executed.
Marry Norfolk. Included The Pope, Philip II and gentry leaders.
MQS' French family was involved.
With Jesuits- threats from Spain and France.
Murder Elizabeth. This is why Mary was executed- Cecil found lots of evidence.
Catholic. Leicester against.
Both against Spain. Helped to stop Guise control. Resulted in the treaty of Blois.
Against Spain together- Henri Anjou.
Henri's younger brother.Only one to have publicly courted her. Sympathetic to Protestants. Allied with William of Orange. Controls Portugal.
With France and England. Guise control in England.
Because he wasn't as favourable anymore. with Netherlands and Spain. Started after he deserted post in Ireland (1599) and burt into bedchambers.
And mid- 90's.
7 year compulsory apprenticeships in urban crafts. Maximum wages fixed.
JP's registered the poor. Raised taxes to pay for the elderly and the sick. Punishments for Vagrancy- 3rd= death.
Able- bodied directed to work by JP's. Refusal resulted in correction houses.
JP's made correction houses. Rogues returned to own parishes after whipping.
Child apprenticeships. Hospitals for elderly and sick. Employement and materials for adults. Taxes rise.
19 people. Most family.
Marriage disputes- Paul Wentworth
Law against Pope and traitors. Walter Strickland produced bill for new prayer book.
Peter Wentworth complained of not being able to talk about what they wanted.
Laws against Catholics.
For Catholic Priests and anyone who benefited from The Babington Plot.
MQS should be executed. Bill from peter Wentowrth for new Prayer book and abolishment of Bishops. Job Throckmorton asked for war with France and Elizabeth to become Netherlands Queen.
Law to punish Catholics. Peter wentworth asked her to name a successor.
Complaints against monopolies.
Between the Netherlands and England.
Elizabeth allows Dutch Sea Beggars into her ports for safety after they attack Spanish ships.
Attack on Hawkins' ship (trading and slaves) by Spanish.
BY Cecil when they tried to take refuge in and Engish port. Was full of money ready for Alva in the Netherlands.
Between Spain and England.
Because Elizabeth sent the Sea beggars back.
Between France and England against Spain.
Thanks to Alva.
Scotland and England. Scottish King.
Advances on Antwerp- trade centre.
Treaty to drive Protesteants out of France.
Help for Dutch rebels. 29 ships to Spanish West Indies.
Destroyed by gales.
Destroyed by storms.