Elizabeth I

Main

Coronation

15 January 1559

Portrait Mastercopy

1575

All had to be based on this painting to keep her youthful- stopping anguish of unnamed successor.

Miniatures in Court

1586

Bad Portraits Destroyed

1596

Dies.

1603

Depression after many of her friends die.

Religion

Archbishop Parker

1559 - 1575

Moderate Protestant.

Church Settlement

1559

Grindal's Vestement Controversy

1563

New Parliament meet

1563

Convocation also met

The Revolt of the Northern Earls

1569 - 1570

Prophesyings

1570 - 1580

Secret meetings said to be imrpoving Bishop's clerical knowledge. Grindal refused to suppress them and went under house arrest.

Papal Excommunication

1570

Treasons Act

1571

Elizabeth must be seen as rightful Queen.

Arrival of Missionary Priests

1574

Also known as Secular Priests. Could take Confession. Aim to rekindle Catholocism. More loyal to Elizabeth. 4 in 1574- 100+ in 1580.

Archbishop Grindal

1575 - 1583

More Protestant.

Propoganda war

1580 - 1590

Arrival of Jesuit Priests

1580

Radical Catholics. Under Pope's instruction. Used meditation. Campion and Parsons= first two.

Presbyterianism

1580 - 1590

Secret Clergy meetings

Act to Retain the Queen Majesty's Subjects in their True Obedience

1581

Fines and had Campion excecuted. Also Act against Seditious Rumours and words.

Archbishop Whitgift

1583 - 1604

Act against jesuits, Seminary Priests and Such Other Disobedient Persons

1585

40 days to leave. 156 executed.

MQS

Arrival in England

1568

Imprisoned

The Northern Rebellion

1569 - 1570

Marry Norfolk.

The Ridolfi Plot

1571

Marry Norfolk. Included The Pope, Philip II and gentry leaders.

St. Bartholemew's Day massacre

1572

MQS' French family was involved.

The Throckmorton Plot

1583

With Jesuits- threats from Spain and France.

The Babington Plot

1586

Murder Elizabeth. This is why Mary was executed- Cecil found lots of evidence.

Execution

1587

Men and Marriage

Archduke Charles of Austria

1567

Catholic. Leicester against.

Henri Anjou

1568

Both against Spain. Helped to stop Guise control. Resulted in the treaty of Blois.

Treaty of Blois

1572

Against Spain together- Henri Anjou.

Francois Anjou/ Alencon

1580

Henri's younger brother.Only one to have publicly courted her. Sympathetic to Protestants. Allied with William of Orange. Controls Portugal.

Treaty of Berwick

1582

With France and England. Guise control in England.

Essex Rebellion

1601

Because he wasn't as favourable anymore. with Netherlands and Spain. Started after he deserted post in Ireland (1599) and burt into bedchambers.

Poverty

Bad Harvests

1556

And mid- 90's.

Statute of Artificers

1563

7 year compulsory apprenticeships in urban crafts. Maximum wages fixed.

Vagabonds Act

1572

JP's registered the poor. Raised taxes to pay for the elderly and the sick. Punishments for Vagrancy- 3rd= death.

Bad harvests

1573 - 1577

Act for the Relief of the Poor

1576

Able- bodied directed to work by JP's. Refusal resulted in correction houses.

Cloth trade slumps

1582

Monopolies

1590 - 1601

Bad Harvests

1595

Act for the Punishment of Rogues

1598

JP's made correction houses. Rogues returned to own parishes after whipping.

Act for the Relief of the Poor #2

1598

Child apprenticeships. Hospitals for elderly and sick. Employement and materials for adults. Taxes rise.

Govornment

Council appointed

1558

19 people. Most family.

Religious Settlement

1559

Military taxes

1563

Army Taxes

1566

Marriage disputes- Paul Wentworth

Taxes for Northern Rebellion

1571

Law against Pope and traitors. Walter Strickland produced bill for new prayer book.

Taxes

1576

Peter Wentworth complained of not being able to talk about what they wanted.

Taxes for Ireland

1581

Laws against Catholics.

Punishments

1584 - 1585

For Catholic Priests and anyone who benefited from The Babington Plot.

Taxes for Spanish War

1586 - 1587

MQS should be executed. Bill from peter Wentowrth for new Prayer book and abolishment of Bishops. Job Throckmorton asked for war with France and Elizabeth to become Netherlands Queen.

Taxes for defeat of Armada

1589

Taxes for Spanish War

1593

Law to punish Catholics. Peter wentworth asked her to name a successor.

Parliament unable to talk about religion

1593

Taxes and Poor Law

1597 - 1598

Complaints against monopolies.

Taxes for Spanish and Irish war

1601

Monoploies again.

Spain

Decline in Friendship with Spain and England

1562

Trade Embargo

1563

Between the Netherlands and England.

Phil's army goes to the Netherlands

1567

Elizabeth allows Dutch Sea Beggars into her ports for safety after they attack Spanish ships.

Alva/ Phil takes the Netherlands

1568

San Juan de Ulua

1568

Attack on Hawkins' ship (trading and slaves) by Spanish.

Spanish Bullion seized

1568

BY Cecil when they tried to take refuge in and Engish port. Was full of money ready for Alva in the Netherlands.

Trade Embargo

1568

Between Spain and England.

The Revolt of the Netherlands

1572

Because Elizabeth sent the Sea beggars back.

Treaty of Blois

1572

Between France and England against Spain.

Trade restored between England and the Netherlands

1573

Thanks to Alva.

Treaty of Blois renewed

1574

James VI fought over

1579 - 1586

Scotland and England. Scottish King.

New Spanish Netherlands leader- The Duke of Parma

1584

Advances on Antwerp- trade centre.

William of Orange assassinated

1584

Netherlands leader.

WAR

1584 - 1604

Catholic League and Treaty between Guise and Spain

1584

Treaty to drive Protesteants out of France.

The Treaty of Nonsuch

1585

Help for Dutch rebels. 29 ships to Spanish West Indies.

The Spanish Armada

1588

The Spanish Armada #2

1596

Destroyed by gales.

The Spanish Armada #3

1597

Destroyed by storms.