APUSH

Events (mulitple years)

King Philips War

1675 - 1678

Natives attacked English towns b/c settlers prosecuted Natives and took land, crushed by Mohawks helping English

Leisler's Rebellion

1689 - 1691

fight against the patroon-ship structure, land tracts given to higher classes, ruined system

First Great Awakening

1739 - 1744

religious revival, puritan church membership was decreasing, Halfway Covenant- lower standards, "old" vs. "new" school, 1st shared experience, inc religious diversity

French-Indian War

1754 - 1763

France try to push into NW (Ohio Valley) Territory and tried to take it away from US colonies and GB, moves to Euro, colonists can defend themselves, open W, lead to AmRev.

Pontiac Rebellion

1763 - 1764

reaction to Proclamation of 1763, colonists mad they can't go past Appalachians

1st Phase Am Rev.

1775 - 1776

New England- thought local, colonists showed they were a force, GB want move to MidAtlantic

2nd Phase Am Rev.

1776 - 1778

GB winning but war not ending, Constitutional Convention is the gov., troops getting trained, America able to hang on until Saratoga

3rd Phase Am Rev.

1778 - 1783

GB purposely move S- where loyalists are, many join on continental side, guerilla/sharpshooters/snipers, trap Cornwallis on land-France on sea

Shay's Rebellion

1786 - 1798

protests by Am farmers against state & local law enforcement, too many taxes to pay war debt

Alexander Hamiltons Plan

1790 - 1800

plan for recovery after Am Rev.

Quasi War

1798 - 1800

undeclared naval war with France

Barbary War

1801 - 1805

fight with Africa because America refuses to pay for stolen crew, lost more money in the end

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

GB never accepted that we were sovereign; GB dumping, impressment, incite natives

Hartford Convention

1814 - 1815

death of Federalist party, Essex Junto

Market Revolution

1815 - 1860

N=industry, S=cotton king, W-farm; interdependence; Am System; transportation; labor-immig, slave labor

Era of Good Feelings

1816 - 1824

only one political party (DR), everyone got along

American System

1820 - 1830

Monroe, Era Good Feelings, economic & internal improvement, Clay author, 3 parts Hamilton's, gov. intervene in econ/fund roads/canals, broke Jeff agrarian

Second Great Awakening

1820 - 1860

religious revival, personal conversion, picture God=loving, camp meetings, perfectionism-Finney, fragmentation, W community, inc role of woment, Antebellum reform

RR Era Begins

1830 - 1840

begin to fuel expansion, Market Econ possible, not transcontinental yet

Manifest Destiny

1840 - 1850

God given right to expand form sea to sea, encouraged masses to move W, justify Indian Removal and Mex-Am war

Mexican-Am War

1846 - 1848

b/c US annex Texas, dispute over border line, Mex lose, US get CA & NM

Gold Rush

1848 - 1858

mass movement W for gold mining

Civil War

1860 - 1865

N vs. S over slavery

Lincoln's Reconstruction

1863

hope S surrender, 10% plan- pop need to pledge allegiance, full pres pardons to S- oath/accept 13th, "soft peace"- heal quickly

Wade Davis Reconstruction

1864

congress plan, majority pledge loyalty, abolish slaver/repudiate the war, congress in charge of reconstruction, need to be punished

Johnson Reconstruction

1865

loyalty oath, doesn't accept high planter class/aristocracy, repudiate secession/debt, no black vote, allow black codes, accept 13th amend

Military Reconstruction

1867 - 1877

"hard peace", split into 5 districts, confed leaders can't vote/hold office, black get vote (15th amend), ratify 14th amend, run by congress

Knights of Labor

1869 - 1888

unskilled labor, include everyone but Chinese, criticize capitalism--> socialist, 8hr workday, dec hours/week, improve working conditions- safety & pay, end child labor, boycott, organize/negotiate, only strike if necessary

Grange Movement

1875

height of politics, fraternal organ for farmers, secret rituals, devoted to edu & social gatherings- fight social isolation, against RR/low product prices, Granger Laws-aid farmers, coop purchasing, pool savings, crop subtreasury, manufacture farm equip, failed in industry/RR/overproduction, farmers organize/men&women equal

Green Back Party

1876

paper money--> "cheap" money, not backed by specie, big influence on population

Farmers Alliance

1880 - 1890

organ by region, segregation by race, women encouraged to join, want cooperation, antimonopoly-gov own RR & telegraph-radical, subtreasury of crops, free & unlimit coinage of silver, took over after grange decrease

AFL

1888 - 1955

separate by craft or trade, exclude blacks/women/chinese- would lose power and dec pay, want strength to negotiate- want to be taken seriously, striking is last resort- need political allies/bargaining, strong capitalism (not Populist), Sam Gompers

Spanish American War

1898

Mckinley, sink USS Maine, econ investment in Cuba, needed naval base, US gets Cuba/Puerto Rico/Hawaii/Samoa, tell Philippines independ, Platt Amend, foreign debate, imperialist

Philippino War

1899 - 1901

revolt against Am troops, guerrilla warfare, Am water cure & concentration camps, Taft= governor, gov put $ into roads, sanitation, & public health

Panama Canal

1904 - 1914

easier movement/defense for navy, helped Panama revolt against Columbia control, but a new Prime Minister in charge in US favor, we get rights to build/own canal, look like we stole from Columbia

IWW

1905 - 1930

industrial workers of the world, radical, communism, struggle b/t capitalists and workers, include women/chinese/blacks

Great White Fleet

1907 - 1909

naval show by TR, impress Japan, round the world trip, Japan gov warmly received them

WWI

1914 - 1918

war econ- attempt mobilize, many strikes, silencing dissent- espionage act, sedition act, eugene debs- socialist

WWI US out

1914 - 1917

isolationist mood, Russian only ally, disagreement, profit from neutrality, Wilson pledge to keep US out of war

US in WWI

1917 - 1918

US enters war for about 6 months, US scared and divided, many believe entering war was a mistake, provide fresh troops, propaganda to encourage enlistment

Palmer Raids

1918 - 1920

AG Mitch Palmer use Sedition Act to arrest "radicals" aided by Hoover, no due process

New KKK

1921 - 1925

got publicity from HofR investigation, 100% americanism, protestantism, charity, motherhood, morality, temperance, education, target- RomCath/Jews/AfmAm, nativism- immig quotas (1921/194)

Hooverviles

1928 - 1932

poor areas during GD, making fun of Hoover and his bad image during the era

First New Deal

1932 - 1934

includes First 100 days, 3 R': Relief/recovery/reform, relief and get people back to work

Second New Deal

1934 - 1938

response to critics saying FDR not doing enough, women/poor, more radical, welfare, unions, tax rich

Spanish CW

1936 - 1939

US refuse to sell munitions to rebels in Spain, but stood aside as they took over

WWII

1937 - 1945

allies (US,GB,FRANCE, USSR) vs Germ & Japan

Events

Columbus

1492

Columbus arrives in the W Hemisphere

Jamestown

1608

First permanent GB colony

Pilgrims

1620

First pilgrims land in America, begin relations w/ Wampanoags

Great Pilgrim Migration

1629

Large wave of Pilgrims come from Europe, make relations with Natives strained

Connecticut

1636

Thomas Hooker- 1st written constitution, church members vote, limit government

Providence Rhode Island

1636

safe haven for Christians- Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

W farmers rebel against favoritism towards E elite famers

Pueblo's Rebellion

1680

Native uprising against Spanish Catholicizing them, forced Spaniards out of Mexico-- Spain became less harsh

Pennsylvania

1681

Quakers, William Penn, most diverse- ethnical and religious toleration, Enlightened

Height of Slavery

1750

Proclamation Line

1763

create line that prevents colonists from going W, colonists angry, want land

Sugar Act

1764

molasses and sugar, protested & boycotted

Stamp Act

1765

paper, dice, cards, newspapers; Stamp Act congress- structure to protest and boycott

Declaratory Act

1766

GB repeal Stamp Act, but only people that can make law is GB

Townshend Act

1767

way to get revenue, tax on tea, tax w/o representation, colonists hostile, boycotts

Boston Massacre

1770

GB soldiers took jobs, colonists taunting, GB soldiers shot into crowd, propaganda for GB's cruelty- added hype for cause

Committee of Correspondence

1772

elitist groups from all colonies, protesting/letter writing group, don't actually meet

Boston Tea Party

1773

sons of liberty organize tea party, tax/monopoly on tea, colonists lose money, GB done dealing with colonists

Intolerable Acts

1774

close Boston Port, town meetings illegal, no jury

Quebec Act

1774

French gave land to Catholics to practice faith

First Continental Congress

1774

organize non-import & boycotts, not war making, collective action

Lexington & Concord

1775

GB go to Boston to take down rebel leaders and gun powder, colonists fight back, "shot heard round the world", first major battle in AmRev

Bunker Hill

1775

GB frontal attack-thought it would be easy win, colonists would have won but ran out of ammunition

Olive Branch Petition

1775

colonists peace offering to GB, proclaim loyalty to king, king reject- colonists declare rebellious

Second Continental Congress

1775

prepare/organize for war, appoint George Washington

Declaration of Independence

1776

official break b/t colonists and GB, natural rights, list of grievances to king

"Common Sense"

1776

Thomas Paine, small country should't rule a larger one, growth of call for independence

Articles of Confederation

1777

got US through war; no courts, enforcement, president; states ignored; no power for taxes, or regulate commerce

Saratoga

1777

GB forced to surrender, turning point in war, France joined to support colonists

Treaty of Paris

1783

GB recognize Am independence, no longer pay royal taxes

Northwest Ordinance

1787

deal w/ colonies, when territory gets enough people become state, forbade slavery in NW

Constitutional Convention

1787

revising Articles, decide to start over, rep in gov, Big vs Small states, 3/5 compromise-slavery, create president

George Washington

1789

Washington first president of the US

Citizen Genet

1793

minister from France, went over head of Washington and told Am to ignore him

Neutrality Proclamation

1793

Washington decides to not take sides in French Revolution

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Hamilton's plan put tax on whiskey, farmers hostile, Ham sent militia to Penn to stop, gov keep order and force laws

Pickney's Treaty

1795

Spain says US can have access to New Orleans fort, want good relations, we are weak and do anything to survive

Jay's Treaty

1795

reach out to GB, help econ & prevent war, create some peace, GB agree to move forts but never did

XYZ Affair

1797

France leaders make US pay to negotiate, increase federalist popularity

Alien & Sedition Acts

1798

can't speak bad against gov, will go to jail or shipped back to country

Kentucky & VA Resolutions

1799

states have right to veto law, 9th and 10th amendment

Revolution of 1800

1800

election of 1800, peaceful move of power over to DRs

Marbury vs. Madison

1803

judicial review, SC = #1, decides constitutionality

Louisiana Purchase

1804

height of rule, country 2 times larger, Lewis & Clark

Embargo Act

1807

cut off trade from Europe, want favorable balance of trade, bad for Jeff leadership

Non-Intercourse Act

1809

cut off trade with just GB and France

Macon Bill #2

1810

halt embargo for 30 days

Incentive

1811

if GB or France stop harassing us we'll only trade with them and stop with the foe

Treaty of Ghent

1814

sovereignty recognized, GB remove forts

Tallmadge Amendment

1819

MO problems, diff view on slaves, no more slaves added to MO, scared the S, division between N/S

Adam-Onis Treaty

1819

US give up texas, Jackson goes to get Florida w/o permission, Spain give us Florida

Panic of 1819

1819

land speculation and overextension of credit, bank failures, dec prices

Missouri Compromise

1820

Clay, drew imaginary line, N=free, S=slave

Monroe Doctrine

1823

isolationist, Euro stay away & we stay away, we aren't taken seriously

Corrupt Bargain

1824

JQA and Jackson, Clay went behind closed doors and got JQA elected

Tariff of Abominations

1828

supposed to be for JQA- Jack gets, favored N&W, S hates, SC revolt, Jack threatens troops, Clay intervene and compromise

Indian Removal Act

1830

extend common man beliefs, land hungry citizens, Marshall Court said unconsit.- Jack ignored

Bank War

1832

Jack vetoes recharter National Bank, put fed $ in pet/state banks, specie circular issued- buy land w/ gold/silver

Panic of 1837

1837

result of Jack's unstable $ & land speculation, led to bank failures, Divorce Bill- separate gov and banking, doesn't work

Compromise of 1850

1850

dispute over N not enforcing Fugitive Slave laws, N gain more, CA=free, NM/Utah= pop sovereignty, S- Fugitive Slave law- slaves denied jury/representation, not enforced

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

uncover horrors of slavery, never actually witnessed slavery, N decide not enforce Fugitive Slave Law

Kansas-Nebraska

1854

Douglass- to end W Expan deadlock, Neb divided into 2 territories, pop sovereignty decide free or slave, destroys unity of MO compromise

Ostend Manifesto

1854

Pierce want Cuba for slave population, we say we'll go to war for territory, favors S, N thought it would extend slavery

Gardner Case

1855

runaway slaves, mother kills daughter so she doesn't have to go back to slavery, highlight horror of slavery- S always said slavery good/happy

Caning of Sumner

1856

Sumner verbally attacked Butler's wife, attacks Sumner w/ cane, S sent him more canes

Bleeding Kansas

1856

mini CW b/t Free Soilers and proslavery S, forces broke out

Dred Scott

1857

slaves=property, can't deny someone their property- he's not free, MO compromise= unconstitutional

Lecompton Constitution

1857

Buchanen asks Congress to make proslavery constitution in new states w/o consent, they dont listen, proslavery rejected in Kansas

"Impending Crisis of the South"

1857

Hinton Helper, slavery hurts white men in S, plantation society keep land in small class

Panic of 1857

1857

RR bankruptcy, halts W expansion

John Brown's Harpers Ferry Raid

1859

N attacks federal arsenal- want to arm/free slaves, abolitionists like him, some Rep condemn

Election 1860

1860

lincoln win, S thinks they lost their voice, SC secedes, begins CW

Bull Run

1861

Union attack, thought would be easy, confed stood strong, first battle of war, psych/polit consequences, S scared, N need to organize

Fort Sumter

1861

only fort left in S for Union, first shots fred, lincoln call volunteers/naval force, electrify N, S saw aggressive- block sea ports

Atietam

1862

McClellan vs. Lee, Mc knew battle plans and stopped Lee, bloodiest day, military draw, Lee retreat- Union victory, what lincoln need for emanc. procl.

Vicksburg Campaign

1862

S sentinel protecting lifeline to W resources, spinal cord of Confed., Grant severed, cut off S trade routes, tipped favor to N

Emancipation Proclamation

1862

"forever free" slaves in Confed states still rebelling, no include border states, didn't actually free any slaves, strengthen N morale, foreshadow end of slavery, remove chance of negotiation

Homestead Act

1862

land to settlers if they irrigated it, pushed natives out

Gettysburg

1863

Lee attack Union, U stood strong- regained lost land, Heavy loss, 2nd invasion failed, last chance for S to win

Sherman's March to the Sea

1864

Union charge of conquest of Georgia, captured/burned Atlanta, destroyed homes/supplies/moral, total war, brutal attacks, shortened war struggle

Freedman's Bureau

1865

give food, clothing, medical care, education to freedmen, success=reading, hated by S

Black Codes

1865

regulate lives of freedman, replace slave codes, Rep hate them, no jury/vote, base for Jim Crow

Appomattox Court House

1865

Lee surrender to Grant, Lee out of supplies and surrounded, U won, begin reconciliation, slavery legally comes to end

13th Amendment

1865

outlawed slavery forever, everywhere; all needed to accept it

Transcontinental RR

1865

building transcontinental RR to reach and connect all areas of the country

14th Amendment

1866

civil liberties to all blacks, citizenship

Concentration Policy

1867

US gov. don't recognize tribes as separate entities & wont negotiate with chief, undermine reservations

15th Amendment

1870

black right to vote

Panic of 1873

1873

value of silver decrease, nationwide struggle; US gov stop coining silver- credit & $ not affordable for farmers, populists growing

Slaughter House Cases

1873

labor was not a federal responsibility, cries for help, gov. says they don't have to help

Election of 1876

1876

End reconstruction, S Dem- Redeemers, committee behind closed doors, Hayes president if troops leave S and fund trans RR

Great RR Strike

1877

10% wage cut, start local spreads nationwide, shut down RR, Hayes uses troops in Penn to stop, gov. intervention is norm- support business over union workers

Plessey vs. Ferguson

1877

legalized Jim Crow

Pendleton Civil Service Act

1883

take test to show qualification for gov. jobs, root out corruption

Dawes Severalty Act

1887

dissolve tribal status, divides communal land into private lots, lost sovereignty, would give some land if agreed to assimilate, decay Indian culture

Interstate Commerce Act

1887

attempt to curb unfair practices of RR, not enforced

Haymarket Riot

1888

Chicago meat packing industry, police brutal against workers, threw bomb- seen as anarchy, KOL present- seen as radical, downfall of group

"Influence of Sea Power on History"

1890

Alfred Mahan, sea power nations-great nations of history, US should dominate Caribbean & Pacific, colonies provide naval bases

Battle at Wounded Knee

1890

Indian resistance on reservations, large massacre of Natives, white greed/ignorance/little tolerance in addition to Indian massacre leads to massacres/fighting

Sherman Silver Purchase

1890

re-est silver, pressure by farmers, after Panic of 1873

McKinley Tariff

1890

40% on foreign goods, one of highest, Harrison

Omaha Platform

1892

Populist ideals, free ballot & counting votes, limit emmigration, graduate income tax, alien ownership of land prohibited, silver coinage, gov. own RR, one term Pres & VP, shorter term lengths, 8hr workday, gov own RR, no more mercenaries used by gov

Homestead Strike

1892

Carnegie plant- 20% wage reduction, revolt while he's gone- Frick (middle management) is in charge, attempt to build fence to control workers, Pinkertons brought in to watch workers- sparks violence, shooting, nothing gained, made Carnegie look bad

Panic of 1893

1893

Cleveland blame silver purchase & Populists, repeals silver purchase, industry& RR expand beyond demand, large unemployment, farmers organize & protest

Pullman Strike

1894

sleeper cars RR worker strike, led by Eugene Debs, 1/3 pay cut, cars overturned and burned, police came and arrested Debs, strikes made illegal

Cuban Revolt

1895

Spanish brutal to Cubans, concentration camps, cubans rebel, asked US for help

"Maine"

1898

USS Maine explodes, US blames Spanish, but it was really from ammo in storage

Open Door China

1899

John Hay, respect Chinese rights & fair competition, didn't want markets under Euro control,

Platt Amendment

1901

reverse Teller Amend, US military will withdraw as long as Cuba agrees to US intervention when it sees fit

Elkins Act

1903

fines for rebates (money back) given by RR to customers

Roosevelt Corollary

1904

Monroe doctrine, feared increase of Euro presence in Am as LA debt grew, "preventative intervention"- US intervene on LA behalf

Hepburn Act

1906

free passes restricted, ICC got teeth & regulate pipelines and sleeping car companies

Pure Food & Drug Act

1906

not Upton's intent, under Roosevelt, monitor factories

"The Jungle"

1906

Upton Sinclair, investigative journalism,

Payne Aldrich Act

1908

high protective tariff

Triangle Shirtwaist Co Fire

1911

company owners broke fire safety codes-women locked in, fire started, many workers burned/jumped, strikes by women, stronger laws for worker conditions

Federal Reserve Act

1913

federal reserve system- modern bank system to keep up w/ industry, gov involved in econ, federal reserve board-pres appoint/senate approve, 12 bankers bank-gov owned, public set rates and amount of currency, stabilize econ in rough times

16th Amendment

1913

graduated income tax

17th Amendment

1913

direct election of Senators

Second American Indust Rev

1914

electric motors, increase durable goods, auto industry, assembly line, Ford raises wages & limits hours to increase consumer base, shift from war to consumer goods, increase productivity, advertising, leisure, middle management, technolog

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

1914

lengthened Sherman Act, price discrimination & interlocking directorates, conferred benefits on labor, exempt labor & agricultural organ, legalize strikes & picketing

Federal Trade Commission Act

1914

find industries engaged in interstate commerce, commissioners crush monopoly by finding out unfair practices, unlawful competition, false advertising, mislabeling, adulturation, bribery

Lusitania

1915

sunk by Germans, memory makes US want to go to war

Sussex Pledge

1916

unrestricted submarine warfare reversal, German said we wouldn't attack until we let you know, violated

CREEL Committee

1917

Exec Order 2594, sell America on war, sell world on Wilson idealism, propaganda, passion & volunteerism, "Four Minute Men"- movie to instill enlistment & patriotism

Russian Revolution

1917

US watches, sees communism is radical/unstable/violent, connects to labor, unrest, immig, "un-american"

Zimmerman Note

1917

German aid Mexico against US in war, want Texas back, US intercept note

Wilson 14 Points

1917

ideals for world beyond war, abolish secret treaties/alliances, self determination, anti-colonial, justification for entry into war, make world safe for democracy

Selective Service Act

1917

method for ensuring all groups called into war (men 18), small amount of actual US fighting

Treaty of Versailles

1918

French want harsh punishment for Germany, Germany disarmed/stop colonies/admit guilt/reparations, self determination for rest of Euro, League of Nations

Great Migration

1919

AfAm come up from S to work in factories, many job openings while men fighting, became strike breakers

League of Nations

1919

international peacekeeping group, no troops, senators don't like giving Euro that much power, article X- repel aggression

18th Amendment

1919

prohibition

Prohibition

1920

increase organized crime, uneven compliance, Al Capone- gangster, bootlegger

19th Amendment

1920

women's suffrage

Washington Naval Conference

1921

invites major naval powers, naval disarmament

Tea Pot Dome Scandal

1923

Fall (Sec of Navy) transfer valuable properties to Interior Depart., leased lands to oilmen for a bribe

Dawes Plan

1924

US give money to Germany to pay back reparations to Allies (GB and France) who pay back war debt to US

Scopes Monkey Trial

1925

Scope taught evolution (against law- can only teach creation), Darrow vs. WJB (Fundamentalism vs. Modern), WJB won but looks like fool- question is fundamental beliefs & bible stories

Sacco and Vanzetti Trial

1927

robbery & murders, arrested 2 italians, trial divided america- lack of evidence, many felt they were found guilt based on politics/race, not for the crime

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

1930

protective to assist farmers, one of highest protective tariffs

Glass Stegall Act

1932

separate commercial from investment banks, limit freedom of banks

Bank Holiday

1932

closed all banks, federal gov in charge of reopening banks

"Good Neighbor"

1933

US declare non-intervention, independence for Philip, peace w/ Mex, give up Cuba/Haiti, LA

Emergency Banking Act

1933

gov regulate banks, sort out strong & weak banks and determine which will be reopened and when

London Economic Conference

1933

want organize international attack on global depression, FDR refuse, want US to stay on gold standard, help America at home

FERA

1933

federal to state to provide welfare/food/clothing, Hopkins- social worker,

CCC

1933

young men back to work, environmental projects, raise self esteem

Off Gold

1933

FDR takes the US off the gold standard, criticized for manipulating value of $, debt paid w/ paper not gold, reject London Econ Conference

FDIC

1933

federal deposit insurance corp, banks pay small perecent of deposits into common fund from which payouts would be made to help losses in failed banks

TVA

1933

Tenn value, most depressed area, project to prevent flooding, build dam, get electricity, employ ppl, criticism- socialist

Reverse Prohibition

1933

21st amend bring back alcohol. let the people have their beer, domestic industry

NRA

1933

national recovery, complex coding system, control wage/production/prices/employment, seen unconstitutional

AAA

1933

agriculture, mortgage assistance, subsidized scarcity, loans- deemed unconstitutional, extend gov power

CWA

1933

civil works, job creation, small short term, public works projects

Fireside Chats

1933

get ppl to have faith in gov and banking system, put money back in banks, everyday ppl understand econ

PWA

1933

public works, schools, dams, bridges, hospitals

SEC

1934

regulate stock market practices

Social Security Act

1935

to most at risk ppl, unemployed, children, handicapped, elderly

Wagner Act

1935

replace NRA, working conditions, unions right to bargain & strike, protect unions, banned child labor/ est min wage

RA

1935

loans to sharecroppers/tenant farmers, camps for migrant workers

WPA

1935

employment, wages, skilled workers- artists, writers, theatre, teachers, entertainment

Japan Invade China

1937

Japan set off explosion and invaded china, started WWII

Hitler takes Austria

1938

Austria/Rhineland/Czech, begins conquering and killing jews

Munich Conference

1938

Euro gave Hitler Sudetenland to make him happy, hoping he'd stop, promised he would

Invade Poland

1939

hitler takes poland, France & GB allied w/, GB& France officilaly declare war

Neutrality Act

1939

Euro democracies can buy Am supplies but on "cash-and-carry" basis

Hitler-Stalin Pact

1939

USSR signed nonaggression treaty w/ Germ, become allies

Bases for Destroyers

1940

US give GB 50 destroyers for 8 defensive bases, favors GB rather than staying "neutral"

Fall France

1940

GB only strong democracy left, US needs to help

Lend-Lease Bill

1941

US send supply of arms to victims of aggressors (Germany), then give it back when youre done

Pearl Harbor

1941

japan bombs pearl harbor, US united in entering war

Atlantic Charter

1941

FDR and Churchill, similar to wilson's 14 points, outlined goals for better world after war

Japanese Internment

1942

Exec order 9066, move Japanese to relocation camps on W coast, large prejudice to race, afraid of spies,

Big Ideas

Colonial

1492 - 1763

First Two-Party System

1780 - 1801

Federalists vs. Democratic Republicans

Immigration- Market Rev.

1815 - 1860

Irish- poor, cities, politics; Germans- W, land, scattered, impact but not politics

Women- 2nd GA

1820 - 1860

Increase role in society, active in Antebellum reform

Mass Democracy

1824 - 1840

Mass Democracy, sectionalism, expansion

Second Two-Party System

1832 - 1850

Democrats vs Whigs

Women- CW

1860 - 1865

become labor leaders, work=burdensome, farms/factories/plantations, nursing, big responsibilities lead to change, Clara Barton- Red Cross, missing person registry

Econ- Gilded Age

1865 - 1900

inc oil, steel, RR; horiz/vert integration, trusts, low skill workers, separation of owner & laborer, unsuccessful strikes,ups & downs (panics), business & gov. work together, public sees unions as problems

Immigration- Gilded Age

1865 - 1900

New immig, S/E Euro- chinese, Judaism, Polish, Italians; don't assimilate well- diff religion, ethnic enclaves, don't unionize- struggle w/ labor, tenement housing, disease spreads

Political Parties-Gilded Age

1865 - 1900

Rep- N business, Prot, stop immig; Dem- S, immig, state, farmers- Grange/Populists; factions-- Stalwerts/Half Breeds- well off, elite warfare; Mugwumps- reform Rep

West- Gilded Age

1865 - 1900

end of the frontier, mass settlement W, Indian wars/removal, begin Populist movement, RR- mining/cattle/farming, safety valve theory

Reconstruction

1865 - 1877

transition between CW and Gilded Age, plans for the S post war

New South

1865 - 1900

S try to out-industrialize the N, doesn't work, share- cropping, tenant farmers, crop lien system- debt cycle

Gilded Age

1865 - 1900

political change, mostly run by congress

Jim Crow

1877 - 1900

legal segregation in the S

Nativism

1880 - 1890

return of nativism, against new immig

Populists

1890 - 1896

Height of populist movement, WJB leader, accused of being radical- socialist ideas, party ended when WJB went Dem, omaha platform

Imperialism

1898 - 1920

start late-slavery hurt foreign policy, first tries rejected, GB/France/Japan/Russia we reject their policies

Progressive

1898 - 1920

caused by Gilded Age corruption, want order and to understand the world, different from Antebellum because includes everyday ppl, state/local, national/federal

Causes GD

1914 - 1929

overproduction, lack diverse econ (auto/housing), Hawley-Smoot, prices on wheat & cotton decrease, buying machines on credit, bad farm land, large consumer spending- no money/credit, goods very cheap, rich got richer, speculation, buy on margin, banks default, stock market crash

Consumerism 20s

1920 - 1930

labor saver appliances- fridges, microwave, washing machine, increase standard of cleanliness, automobiles popular, advertising/magazines, supermarket, spending even if they don't have money

Regionalization

1920 - 1930

fundamentalism- WJB, believe every word of bible is literal truth, rural/W- fundamentalism, modern threatens value system, urban/E- urban life, new culture

Popular Culture 20s

1920 - 1930

generation gap- reject elders values, drink, jazz, movies, radio, Harlem Ren, spectator sports, daredevils, home appliances

Women 20s

1920 - 1930

fashion important, shorter skirts, drink in public, sexual frankness, make up, divorce, short hair, smoke, vote, frustration- not much progress, flapper

AfAm 20s

1920 - 1930

Harlem Ren but no one cares about equality, riots, lynching, NAACP

Political 20s

1920 - 1930

Divided Dem, rural-prohibition,KKK, fundamentalist, traditional; urban- Catholic, factory workers, immigrant; progressives get little attention

Econ 20s

1920 - 1930

back to Gilded Age, gov step out, "good old days", free labor & radical conflict, laissez-faire, more hands off but recognize need for guidance, decrease tax, income, inheritance, corporation, trim budget, voluntary action

AfAm GD

1929 - 1941

more unemployment, cotton market collapsed, NAACP- don't be strike breakers-join unions, last hired/first fired

Family GD

1929 - 1941

women "stay home", lower point of women's movement, support husband/family, kids forced to quit school to help family, divorce decrease- can't afford it, suicides-depression, self made theory-work hard enough will get american dream- don't want ppl to see struggle

Mex GD

1929 - 1941

less institutional support than blacks, repatriation, denied relief/entrance in hospitals, migrants organize, move to cities

Econ GD

1929 - 1941

massive unemployment, $30 billion lost, stock values drop, banks closed, tax revenue decrease